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Fill in the correct participle




Remember that present and past participles can be used as adjectives. Present Participles (Ving) describe what something or somebody is. Past Participles (V3) describe how someone feels.

A: You must be 1) …………. (thrill). Paris is a 2) ……………… (fascinate) city. There are so many 3) ………….. (interest) things to do. You won’t be 4) ………….. (bore).

B: Well, I’m a bit 5) …………… (worry) because I can’t speak French very well. People will find my accent very 6) ………….. (amuse).

A: Don’t be silly! I’m sure you’ll have an 7) ………… (excite) time!

 

5**. Fill in the correct participle.

A: You must be very 1) ………… (excite). Paris is a 2) ………….. (fascinate) city. There are so many 3) ……………. (interest) things to do. You won’t be 4) …………. (bore).

B: Well, I’m a bit 5) …………… (worry) because I can’t speak French very well.

A: You should buy a phrase book and then you won’t be 6) ………….. (embarrass) if someone speaks to you. They won’t be 7) ……………. (annoy) if you make a mistake, and most people will be 8) …………… (please) if you ask for something in French.

B: I’m sure they’ll find my accent very 9) ………….. (amuse).

A: Don’t be silly. I’m sure you’ll have a very 10) ………….. (stimulate) holiday.

 

Read the dialogue. Choose the correct grammar form of the verbs and fill in the gaps.

A: I’m really looking forward to 1) ………….. (watch) the Tour de France.

B: So am I. Last year I was lucky enough 2) ……………. (be) there.

A: How did you manage that?

B: Well, I was visiting my cousin in Paris and he surprised me with tickets.

A: Lucky you! How was it seeing the race up close?

B: The thrill of 3) ……………… (see) the cyclists speed by was incredible. Thousands of fans had lined the roads to cheer on their heroes.

A: Who was yours?

B: Lance Armstrong. What an athlete! Не was trying 4) ……………. (win) the competition after 5) ………….. (be) away from the sport for four years!

A: That’s amazing! I can’t wait to watch this year’s race.

 

7*. Put the verbs in brackets into the -ing form or the infinitive.

The best way to 1) ………… (explore) China is by land. Anyone who has been there, will 2) ………….. (tell) you what a great experience it is. 3) ………….. (travel) round China involves 4) ……………. (cover) great distances as the country is enormous. As a result, some tourists would rather 5) ……………. (fly), as it is quicker and they consider 6) …………….. (sit) on a bus or train a waste of time.

For those who don’t mind 7) …………… (take) a bit longer, there is so much 8) ………………. (see) which is not visible from a plane. From a bus you can 9) ……………… (see) people 10) …………….. (work) in the rice fields. You can even spend some time 11) …………….. (learn) a few Chinese phrases. Few can resist 12) ……………. (taste) the local delicacy – bird’s nest soup, though you may 13) ………….. (have) difficulty in 14) ………….. (acquire) a taste for one-hundred-year-old eggs!!!

 

8*. Put the verbs in brackets onto the -ing form of the infinitive.

A: I’ll never forget 1) …………… (go) to America for the first time. I was incredibly excited although I was trying 2) …………… (act) cool and casual.

B: I know. I remember 3) ………………. (be) quite envious because I wanted 4) ……………. (go) there too.



A: Yes, I know. I was a bit over the top, wasn’t I? I’m sorry for 5) …………. (behave) so badly.

B: Yes, you were! You just went on 6) …………… (talk) about America constantly. It was quite funny though when I think back. You hardly let me 7) ……………. (say) a word.

A: I’m sorry, but you know that in my excitement I nearly left a lot of things behind like my camera and my money.

B: I didn’t know you had such a bad memory.

A: I’m not usually so forgetful. I had a lot on my mind. Anyway, I don’t remember actually 8) ……………….. (leave) anything behind in the end.

B: How did you feel when you first arrived there?

A: I remember 9) ……………… (worry) about what to do and where to go. I wanted 10) ………….. (see) everything but I didn’t know where 11) ………….. (begin).

B: So where did you go first?

A: Well, we started in New York. At first, the traffic was so bad that I was afraid 12) ……………….. (cross) the road. But it got easier. I saw the Empire State Building and the Statue of Liberty and lots of other things. It was incredible! I love New York!!!

 

Translate the texts into English.

1. Всегда приятно путешествовать. Я думаю, стоит посетить Музей Египта (the Egyptian Museum). Он находится в Каире (Cairo), столице Египта. Музей был открыт в 1902 году. В музее 107 залов. Он также включает в себя обширную библиотеку. На первом этаже музея расположены гигантские статуи, а на верхнем этаже можно увидеть маленькие статуи, ювелирные украшения, сокровища Тутанхамона (Tutankhamen), мумии.

2. Не упусти возможность посетить Пирамиды и увидеть знаменитого сфинкса. В мире нет достопримечательностей более известных, чем Пирамиды в Гизе (Giza). Пирамиды чаще всего ассоциируются с Египтом, хотя пирамиды можно встретить и в других странах, например, в Мексике. В Египте более 100 пирамид, многие из которых известны только знатокам Египта.

3. Советую поехать к пирамидам на верблюдах. Езда на верблюдах по египетской пустыне к пирамидам Гизы (the Giza Pyramids) – это незабываемое впечатление!

4. Не забудь посетить рынок Хан-аль-Халил (Khan-al-Khalili) в центре города. Этот рынок является частью одной из самых важных торговых зон Каира. Рекомендую покупать подарки и сувениры там. Я жалею, что не воспользовалась этой возможностью.

 

MODAL VERBS

Read and translate the sentences below.

Remember that modal verbs are auxiliary verbs that express different meanings such as obligation, permission and possibility.

Permission

1. You can take one item of hand luggage on board.

2. Could I pay by a credit card?

3. May I exchange some currency at this place?

4. May / Can / Сould I use your phone? Yes, you may / can.

Possibility

5. Working with unsatisfied clients can be very difficult.

6. You can’t reserve a room if a hotel is fully-booked.

Obligation

7. If you want to avoid a conflict, you should be polite to tourists.

8. You shouldn’t argue with clients.

9. Visitors must not feed the animals.

10. You don’t have to pay to go in.

11. In London you can’t park on a double yellow line.

12. You have to pay airport tax.

13. You must be vaccinated before visiting certain countries.

14. Passengers must have a valid ticket.

15. I must remember to buy some traveller’s cheques.

 

Study this grammar reference and complete the rules with correct modal verbs from the box. You need to use some of them more than once. Then match the rules with the sentences from ex. 1 above.

must have to could should can’t can, may, could
can may could mustn’t don’t have to

1. We use ……………. and …………… to talk about something that is necessary.

2. ……………. is more appropriate when the obligation is self-imposed or is official or written on public notices.

3. ……………. and …………. are entirely different. …………. shows that something is forbidden and …………. means that there is no obligation.

4. We also use …………. to say that something is forbidden.

5. We use ………….. to say that something is or is not a good idea.

6. We use ……………… to express permission.

7. It is not possible to refuse permission with ……………. . …………… is more formal than …………. .

8. We use …………… and …………… to say that something is possible or impossible.

 





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