Мегаобучалка Главная | О нас | Обратная связь

СОГЛАСОВАНИЕ ВРЕМЕН. КОСВЕННАЯ РЕЧЬ





 


Упражнение 306

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в Passive Voice.

1.Меня представили ее отцу вчера. 2. Когда я вернусь домой, все мои чемоданы будут уже уло­жены. 3. На какой учебник вы ссылаетесь в ва­шем докладе? 4. Разве это сочинение было напи­сано до того, как вы делали доклад? 5. Ее слуша­ли невнимательно, и все, что она сказала, было вскоре забыто. 6. Об этом эпизоде много говорят в нашей семье. 7. Нас провели в зал и предложи­ли нам хорошие места. 8. Послали за лекар­ством? — Да, его ищут. 9. Его воспитала сестра. 10.Не беспокойся, ему помогут в работе. 11. В на­шем районе строятся три новые школы. 12. Этот мост еще строится. Он строился, когда я его уви­дел в первый раз. 13. Когда я начал им помогать, они переводили статью уже два часа, но она еще не была переведена. 14. Когда я приду домой, обед будут готовить. 15. Этот рассказ обсудили на уроке литературы. 16. Не говори, пока с тобой не заговорят. 17. Произведения Агаты Кристи были переведены на более, чем 100языков.


 

Сдвиг времен в придаточном дополнительном при главном предложении в прошедшем времени
Present Simple Past Simple Present Continuous Past Continuous Действие прида­точного предложе­ния происходит од­новременно с дей­ствием главного.
Present Perfect \ „ . \ Past Past Simple ^Perfect Действие прида­точного предложе­ния предшествует действию главного.
Future Future-in-the-Past Действие прида­точного предложе­ния совершается позже действия главного.

256 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 257


 


 

Употребляя простые предложения в роли придаточ­ных дополнительных при главном предложении в про­шедшем времени, сдвигайте времена, как указано в таблице:
Sequence of Tenses
Не livesin New York. 1 thought that he livedin New York. Mother is sleeping.1 knew that mother was sleep­ing. Одновременное действие Одновременное действие
He has returnedfrom London. 1 was told that he had returnedfrom London. He boughta new car. 1 heard that he had boughta new car. Предшествующее действие Предшествующее действие
He will sendus a letter. 1 supposed that he would sendus a letter. Последующее действие

Упражнение 307



Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на употребление времен в русском и английском языках.

1. We did not know where our friends went every evening. 2. We did not know where our friends had gone. 3. She said that her best friend was a doctor.

4. She said that her best friend had been a doctor.

5. I didn't know that you worked at the Hermitage.


6. I didn't know that you had worked at the Her­mitage. 7. I knew that you were ill. 8. I knew that you had been ill. 9. We found that she left home at eight o'clock every morning. 10. We found that she had left home at eight o'clock that morning. 11. When he learnt that his son always received excellent marks in all the subjects at school, he was very pleased. 12. When he learnt that his son had re­ceived an excellent mark at school, he was very pleased.

Упражнение 308

Перепишите следующие предложения в прошед­шем времени. Обратите внимание на зависимость времени придаточного дополнительного предложе­ния от времени главного.

1. My uncle says he has just come back from the Caucasus. 2. He says he has spent a fortnight in the Caucasus. 3. He says it did him a lot of good. 4. He says he feels better now. 5. He says his wife and he spent most of their time on the beach. 6. He says they did a lot of sightseeing. 7. He says he has a good camera. 8. He says he took many photographs while travelling in the Caucasus. 9. He says he will come to see us next Sunday. 10. He says he will bring and show us the photographs he took during his stay in the Caucasus.

Упражнение 309

Перепишите следующие предложения в прошед­шем времени. Обратите внимание на зависимость времени придаточного дополнительного предложе­ния от времени главного.

1. Mike says he is sure Ann and Kate will be excellent guides. 2. He says they have made good

9 Ю. Голицынский


258 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвеннаяречь 259


 


progress in English. 3. Oleg says that in a day or two several English students will come to pay a visit to their school and he will probably have to act as an interpreter. 4. Ann says she has just met Boris in the street. 5. She says Boris told her a lot of interesting things about his travels in the south. 6. Nick says he is going to the hotel to see his friends, who have just arrived in St. Peters­burg from the United States of America. 7. He says they have not been here for a long time. 8. He says they were friends at school. 9. He says he will take them to the theatre on Sunday. 10. They say they will write me a letter when they return home.

Упражнение 310

Раскройте скобки, выбирая требующееся время глагола.

1. My friend asked me who (is playing, was play­ing) the piano in the sitting room. 2. He said he (will come, would come) to the station to see me off.

3. I was sure he (posted, had posted) the letter.

4. I think the weather (will be, would be) fine next week. I hope it (will not change, would not change) for the worse. 5. I knew that he (is, was) a very clev­er man. 6. I want to know what he (has bought, had bought) for her birthday. 7. I asked my sister to tell me what she (has seen, had seen) at the museum. 8. He said he (is staying, was staying) at the Ritz Hotel. 9. They realized that they (lost, had lost) their way in the dark. 10. He asked me where I (study, studied). 11. I thought that I (shall finish, should finish) my'work at that time. 12. He says he (works, worked) at school two years ago. 13. Victor said he (is, was) very busy.


Упражнение 311

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющемся времени.

1. I knew they (to wait) for me at the metro sta­tion and I decided to hurry. 2. I didn't know that you already (to wind) up the clock. 3. I was afraid that the little girl (not to be) able to unlock the front door and (to go) upstairs to help her. 4. He says that he (to know) the laws of the country. 5. Sarie un­derstood why Lanny (not to come) the previous evening. 6. She asked me whether I (to remember) the legend about a faithful lion. 7. He understood that the soldiers (to arrest) him. 8. He could not understand why people (not to want) to take water from that well. 9. I suppose they (to send) a dog af­ter the burglar immediately. 10. He said he (to leave) tomorrow morning. 11. She says she already (to find) the book. 12. He stopped and listened: the clock (to strike) five. 13. She said she (can) not tell me the right time, her watch (to be) wrong. 14. I asked my neighbour if he ever (to travel) by air before. 15. The policeman asked George where he (to run) so early. 16. The delegates were told that the guide just (to go) out and (to be) back in ten minutes.

Упражнение 312

Употребите следующие предложения как прида­точные дополнительные, в роли главных используя предложения, данные в скобках. Сдвигайте времена в соответствии с правилом согласования времен.

1. You will fall and break your leg. (1 w;is al'innl)

2. My friend has never been to Washington. (I Uinw»

3. She never drinks milk. (I was told) I. Mi- in » \.-i \ talented singer. (We were told) 5. Th<\ hv«- n Imp py life. (We knew) 6. Tin* Htiulivn .u«- i>l<i\ тк in I Im


260 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 261


 


yard. (She thought) 7. Her friend will come to see her. (She hoped) 8. Father has repaired his bicycle. (He thought) 9. She knows English very well. (I sup­posed) 10. Our sportsmen will win the game. (We were sure) 11. He does not know German at all. (I found out) 12. She made no mistakes in her dictation. (She was glad) 13. He works at his Eng­lish hard. (I knew) 14. She dances better than any­body else. (I was told) 15. My cousin has received a very interesting offer from his firm. (I learnt) 16. She will come to stay with us. (My aunt wrote in her let­ter) 17. He is painting a new picture. (We heard) 18. His new picture will be a masterpiece. (We were sure)

Упражнение 313

Переведите на английский язык, соблюдая прави­ло согласования времен.

1. Я знала, что она работает на заводе, что у нее есть муж и двое детей, что семья у нее очень друж­ная и она счастлива. 2. Он сказал мне вчера, что раньше он учился в университете. 3. Мы решили на прошлой неделе, что будущим летом мы все поедем в Крым. 4. Сестра сказала, что хочет приехать к нам сама. 5. Я знала, что она очень занята. 6. Никто не знал, что вы ждете здесь. Пойдемте в дом. 7. Гид предупредил нас, что в этой части города движение довольно сильное. 8. Секретарь не заметил, что ди­ректор с кем-то разговаривает. 9. Все мы знали, что ее семья опять в Санкт-Петербурге. 10. Лена сказа­ла, что она дарит нам эту картину. 11. Она сказала, что ее коллеги всегда дают ей прекрасные советы. 12. Он сказал, что любит эту пьесу. 13. В прошлом году они думали, что никогда не будут хорошо чи­тать по-английски, но вчера они увидели, что чита­ют тексты довольно хорошо. 14. Он сказал мне вче­ра, что его отец — профессор и живет в Москве.


Упражнение 314

Переведите на английский язык, соблюдая пра­вило согласования времен.

1. Я боялся, что заблужусь в лесу. 2. Она зна­ла, что мы никогда не видели ее картины. 3. Уче­ный был уверен, что найдет решение проблемы. 4. Я знал, что ты приехал в Санкт-Петербург, и пола­гал, что ты навестишь меня. 5. Мы не думали, что он так рассердится. 6. Мы вчера узнали, что она больна. 7. Он думал, что она не придет в школу. 8. Я знал, что моя сестра изучает французский язык, и думал, что она поедет в Париж. 9. Мне сказали, что ты мне звонил. 10. Я думал, что ты в Москве. 11. Я не знал, что ты уже вернулся в Санкт-Петербург. 12. Мы надеялись, что поедем в Лондон. 13. Учитель сказал, что наши друзья прислали письмо из Лондона. 14. Она сказала, что ее подруга пригласила ее в театр. 15. Мы боялись, что не купим билет в театр. 16. Мы увидели, что дети играют в песке. 17. Она сказала, что больше не будет купаться, потому что вода холодная. 18. Моя двоюродная сестра сказала, что любит оперу и будет рада пойти с нами в театр, хотя уже дважды слушала „Травиату".

Упражнение 315

Переведите на английский язык, соблюдая прави­ло согласования времен.

1. Все были уверены, что Борис хорошо сдаст экзамены. 2. Он говорил, что Лев Толстой ого любимый писатель. 3. Я знал, что вы жннсте м Москве, но не знал вашего адреса. 4. Он пекши. что бросит курить. 5. Все знали, что <нш п<м-д<-г п


ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 263


 


Рим. 6. Простите, мы не думали, что вы ждете нас. 7. Я не знал, что вы тоже любите футбол. 8. Я был уверен, что он будет выдающимся артистом.

9. Я боялся, что вы не последуете моему совету.

10. Я не знал, что ты будешь работать в читаль­
ном зале. 11.Я думал, что он подождет меня.
12. Он боялся, что ему будет трудно сделать док­
лад. 13. Он сказал нам, что когда он вошел в ком­
нату, его друг уже сидел на диване. Он читал газе­
ту. 14. Мы надеялись, что она скоро придет.
15. Он сказал, что не знает, когда начнется кон­
ференция. 16.Я был уверен, что если мы поспе­
шим, мы не опоздаем на поезд. 17. Он спросил меня,
что я буду делать вечером. Я ответил, что не знаю,
буду ли я свободен вечером, но сказал, что если буду
свободен, то позвоню ему часов в восемь.

 

Косвенная речь
При переводе предложений в косвенную речь не
забывайте заменять обстоятельства времени, как
указано в таблице.
Direct speech Indirect speech
today that day
yesterday the day before
tomorrow the next day
... ago ... before
this ... that ...
these ... those ...
here there
last year the year before
last month the month before
last... the ... before
next... the following ...

Indirect commands

Keep quiet! Don't makenoise!

He told me to keepquiet and not to

He asked me makenoise.

Упражнение 316

Передайте следующие повелительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

1. "Explain to me how to solve this problem," said my friend to me. 2. The doctor said to Nick, "Open your mouth and show me your tongue." 3. "Don't be afraid of my dog," said the man to Kate. 4. "Take this book and read it," said the librarian to the boy. 5. The doctor said to Pete, "Don't go for a walk to­day." 6. "Don't eat too much ice cream," said Nick's mother to him. 7. "Go home," said the teacher to us. 8. "Buy some meat in the shop," said my mother to me. 9. "Sit down at the table and do your home­work," said my mother to me. 10. "Don't forget to clean your teeth," said granny to Helen. 11."Don't sit up late," said the doctor to Mary.

Упражнение 317

Передайте следующие повелительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

1. The teacher said to me, "Hand this note to your parents, please." 2. Oleg said to his sister, "Put the letter into an envelope and give it to Kate." 3. "Please help me with this work, Henry," said Rob­ert. 4. "Please bring me some fish soup," ho said to the waitress. 5. "Don't worry over such t\ sum 11 thing," she said to me. 6. "Please don't. im-nlnni it to anybody," Mary said to her friend. 7. "I'lommr


ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 265


 


to come and see me," said Jane to Alice. 8. He said to us, "Come here tomorrow." 9. I said to Mike, "Send me a telegram as soon as you arrive." 10. Fa­ther said to me, "Don't stay there long." 11. Peter said to them, "Don't leave the room until I come back." 12. "Take my luggage to Room 145," he said to the porter. 13. He said to me, "Ring me up to­morrow." 14. "Bring me a cup of black coffee," she said to the waiter. 15. "Don't be late for dinner," said mother to us. 16. Jane said to us, "Please tell me all you know about it." 17. She said to Nick, "Please don't say anything about it to your sister."

Indirect statements

I aman engineer. I workat a plant. In the evening 1 studyEnglish.

He said he wasan engineer and workedat

He told me that a plant.

He added that he studiedEnglish in the evening.

I sawmy friend yesterday.

He said that he had seenhis friend the day be-
He told me fore.

We livedin Rome two years ago. My father workedthere.

He said that they had livedin Rome two years be-
He told me fore and explained that his father had

workedthere.

1 shall tellyou about it tomorrow.

He said that he would tellme about it the next
He told me day.


Упражнение 318

Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

1. Oleg said, "My room is on the second floor." 2. He said, "I am sure she will ring me up when she is back in St, Petersburg." 3. Misha said, "I saw them at my parents' house last year." 4. He said, "I haven't seen my cousin today." 5. "I don't go to this shop very often," she said. 6. Tom said, "I have already had breakfast, so I am not hungry." 7. He said, "I have just received a letter from my uncle." 8. "I am going to the theatre tonight," he said to me. Ц. Mike said, "I spoke to Mr. Brown this morning." 10. He said to her, "I shall do it today if I have time." 11. I said to them, "I can give you my uncle's address."

Упражнение 319

Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

1. The woman said to her son, "I am glad I am here." 2. Mike said, "We have bought these books today." 3. She said to me, "Now I can read your translation." 4. "This man spoke to me on the road," said the woman. 5. "I can't explain this rule to you," said my classmate to me. 6. The teacher said to the class, "We shall discuss this subject tomorrow." 7. Our teacher said, "Thackeray's novels are very interesting." 8. She said, "You will read this book in the 9th form." 9. Nellie said, "I read 'Jane Eyre' last year." 10. "My friend lives in Moscow," said Alec. 11. "You have not done your work well," said the teacher to me. 12. The poor man said to the rich man, "My horse is wild. It can kill your lunsi-." 13. The rich man said to the judgr, "This т.нГ-, horse has killed my horse."


266ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 267


 


Упражнение 320

Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

1. Masha said, "I usually spend my holidays in the south." 2. She said, "I spent my holidays in the Crimea last year." 3. Boris said, "I go to the south every year." 4. He said, "I am going to a health re­sort tomorrow." 5. Ann said to us, "They haven't yet come." 6. She said to us, "They arrived in St. Petersburg yesterday." 7. I said, "I have been in London for a fortnight's holiday. My friends in Lon­don sometimes invite me to spend my leisure time with them." 8. Nick said, "I have never been to Lon­don. I think I shall go there next year." 9. He said, "I shall not stay with my friends too long." 10. He said to me, "They are staying at the Grand Hotel Europe." 11.He said, "They are leaving next Mon­day." 12.The clerk said to them, "You can leave the key with the maid upstairs."

Упражнение 321

Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

1. The mother said, "The children are in the nur­sery, doctor." 2. "I have no time for lunch today," said the boy to his mother. 3. "You speak English very well," said the woman to me. 4. My brother said to me, "I am going to become a doctor." 5. My uncle said to us, "I buy several newspapers every day." 6. The teacher said to the pupils, "Next year we shall have six hours of English a week." 7. He said to me, "I want to see you today." 8. She said, "I am free tonight". 9. Mother said to me, "I feel bad today."


10.The pupil said to the teacher, "I can do my homework after dinner." 11.The teacher said to Jack, "You work hard, I know. You are a good boy." 12.The old man said to the girl, "You can sing per­fectly. I think you will be a famous singer." 13. My sister said to me, "You look very well, much better than you looked yesterday. I think you have recov­ered after your illness." 14. "You are an excellent cook. Everything is so tasty," said my guest to me. 15. The student said, "I can't answer this question. I don't understand it."

Упражнение 322

Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи. Употребляйте любое су­ществительное или местоимение в роли подлежаще­го главного предложения.

1. I shall come as soon as I am ready. 2. You will know that I have gone to the concert if I am not at home by eight. 3. I'll come to the Philharmonic with you if you get tickets. 4. Five years ago there were no people living here at all. 5. I shall go skiing on Sunday if I have time. 6. They finished building this house only last week. 7. It will be so pleasant when Tom comes home. 8. I shall do it now if you like. 9. My brother was here today. 10. It's a pity you didn't come earlier. 11.There will be an interesting lecture at the school assembly hall tomorrow. One of our teachers will speak about Charles Dickens. 12.Last year I spent my summer vacation in the Caucasus. 13. I came to live in this town several years ago. 14. I'llbe reading you a story until it is time to go to bed. 15. I have read all about it in today's newspaper.


268ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 269


 


Упражнение 323

Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

1. "When your turn comes, listen very carefully to what the doctor tells you," I said to my grand­mother. 2. "If you are in a hurry, we shall do only the first experiment," said the laboratory assistant to me. 3. "I shan't start anything new until I have finished this novel," said the writer to the corre­spondent. 4. "When I get a job, I'll buy you a warm coat," said the boy's father. 5. "If you spill the milk, there won't be any for the cat," said my mother to me. 6. "When you come to see me on Sunday, I shall show you my new dress," she said to me. 7. "If Mary arrives before seven, bring her to our house for the evening," said Jane to Henry. 8. "Don't wait until I come. As soon as you finish the exercises, begin playing volleyball," said the PT teacher to the pu­pils. 9. "As soon as Robert appears, ask him where he put the dictionary," said Mary to her mother.

Упражнение 324

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло­жениях.

1. Tom said he would go to see the doctor the next day. 2. He told me he was ill. 3. He told me he had fallen ill. 4. They told me that Tom had not come to school the day before. 5. I told my sister that she might catch cold. 6. She told me she had caught cold. 7. He said that while crossing the English Channel they had stayed on deck all the time. 8. The woman said she had felt sick while crossing the Channel. 9. She said she was feeling bad that day. 10. The old man told the doctor that he had pain in his right


side. 11. Не said he had just been examined by a good doctor. 12. He said he would not go to school until Monday. 13. The man said he had spent a month at a health resort. 14. He said that his health had greatly improved since then.

 

Indirect questions
Special questions He asked (me) He wanted to know He wondered
"What areyou doing?""Where doyou live?" "Where doeshe work?""What isNick doing?""What haveyou prepared for today?" "When didyou come home yesterday?" "When willyour mother comehome?" what 1 was doing. where 1 lived. where he worked. what Nick was doing. what 1 had preparedfor that day. when 1 had comehome the day before. when my mother would comehome.
General questions He asked (me) He wanted to know He wondered
"Areyou watchingTV?" "Doyou playchess?" "Doesshe goto school?" "Areyou listeningto me?" "Haveyou doneyour homework?" "Didyou skatelast win­ter?" "Willyou seeyour friend tomorrow?" -C 1 was watching TV. 1 playedchess. she wentto school. 1 was listeningto him. 1 had donemy home­work. 1 had skatedthe winter before. 1 shouldsee my friend the next day.

270ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 271


 


Упражнение 325

Передайте следующие специальные вопросы в кос­венной речи.

1.1said to Nick, "Where are you going?" 2. I said to him, "How long are you going to stay there?" 3. I said to him, "How long will it take you to get there?" 4. He said to her, "Where do you usually spend your summer holidays?" 5. Ann said to Mike, "When did you leave London?" 6. She said to Boris, "When will you be back home?" 7. Boris said to them, "How can I get to the railway station?" 8. Mary asked Tom, "What time will you come here tomor­row?" 9. She asked me, "Why didn't you come here yesterday?" 10. She asked me, "What will you do tomorrow if you are not busy at your office?" 11. Pete said to his friends, "When are you leaving St. Petersburg?" 12. He said to them, "Who will you see before you leave here?" 13. They said to him, "What time does the train start?" 14. I asked Mike, "What will you do after dinner?" 15. I asked my uncle, "How long did you stay in the Crimea?" 16. Mother said to me, "Who has brought this par­cel?" 17. Ada said to me, "Where did you see such trees?" 18. I said to Becky, "What kind of book has your friend brought you?"

Упражнение 326

Передайте следующие специальные вопросы в кос­венной речи, начиная каждое предложение со слов, данных в скобках.

1.Where is he going? (He didn't tell anybody...) 2. Where has he gone? (Did you know...) 3. Where is he? (Did you know...) 4. When is he leaving school? (I wanted to know...) 5. Where does he live?


(Nobody knew...) 6. When will he come back? (She asked them...) 7. Where did she buy this hat? (He wanted to know...) 8. How much did she pay for it? (I had no idea...) 9. Where did I put the book? (I forgot...) 10. Who has given you this nice kitten? (She wanted to know...) 11. Where can I buy an English-Russian dictionary? (He asked me...) 12. How long will it take your brother to get to Ma­drid? (He wondered...)

Упражнение 327

Передайте следующие общие вопросы в косвенной речи.

1. I said to Boris, "Does your friend live in Lon­don?" 2. I said to the man, "Are you living in a ho­tel?" 3. Nick said to his friend, "Will you stay at the Hilton?" 4. He said to me, "Do you often go to see your friends?" 5. He said to me, "Will you see your friends before you leave St. Petersburg?" 6. Mike said to Jane, "Will you come to the railway station to see me off?" 7. She said to me, "Have you sent them a telegram?" 8. She said to me, "Did you send them a telegram yesterday?" 9. I said to Mike, "Have you packed your suit-case?" 10.1 said to Kate, "Did anybody meet you at the station?" 11. I said to her, "Can you give me their address?" 12. I asked Tom, "Have you had breakfast?" 13. I asked my sis­ter, "Will you stay at home or go for a walk after dinner?" 14.1 said to my mother, "Did anybody come to see me?" 15. I asked my sister, "Will Nick call for you on the way to school?" 16. She said to the young man, "Can you call a taxi for me?" 17. Mary said to Peter, "Have you shown your photo to Dick?"

18. Oleg said to me, "Will you come here tomorrow?"

19. He said to us, "Did you go to the museum this morning?"


272 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвеннаяречъ 273


 


Упражнение 328

Передайте следующие общие вопросы в косвенной речи, начиная каждое предложение со слов, данных в скобках.

1.Have they sold the picture? (I did not know...)

2. Do they know anything about it? (I wondered...)

3. Has Jack given you his telephone number? (She asked me...) 4. Is he coming back today? (I was not sure...) 5. Have you found the book? (She asked me...) 6. Are there any more books here? (The man asked...) 7. Did she go shopping yesterday (I wanted to know...) 8. Has she bought the dictionary? (He did not ask her...) 9. Does she know the name of the man? (I doubted...) 10.Did Boris see the man this morning? (I asked...)

Упражнение 329

Передайте следующие вопросительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

1. Kate said, "Mike, do you like my dress?" 2. Grandfather said to Mary, "What mark did you get at school?" 3. My sister said to me, "Will you take me to the theatre with you tomorrow?" 4. Moth­er asked me, "Did you play with your friends yes­terday?" 5. "Why don't you play with your friends, Kate?" said her mother. 6. "Do you like chocolates?" said my little sister to me. 7. "Did you see your gran­ny yesterday, Lena?" asked Mr. Brown. 8. The doc­tor asked Nick, "Do you wash your face and hands every morning?" 9. The teacher said to Mike, "Does your father work at a factory?" 10.Mother said to us, "What are you doing here?" 11.Father said to


Nick, "Have you done your homework?" 12.Tom said, "Ann, where are your friends?"

Упражнение 330

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло­жениях.

1. Iasked if they had taken the sick man to hospital. 2. I asked my friend if he had a head­ache. 3. I wanted to know when he had fallen ill.

4. I wondered if he had taken his temperature.

5. I asked him if the doctor had given him some medicine. I asked him if he was feeling better now.

6. I asked the man how long he had been in St. Petersburg. 7. I asked him if he was going to a health resort. 8. We asked the girl if her father was still in Moscow. 9. I asked the girl what sort of work her father did.

Упражнение 331

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "Do you like my pies, Ann?" asked her grand­mother. 2. "Sit down at the table and do your home­work," said Tom's mother to him. 3. "What did you do at school yesterday, John?" said his father. 4. "Will you play the piano today, Helen?" asked her aunt. 5. My uncle said, "We shall visit you next week." 6. "Don't cross the street under the red light," said the man to Nick. 7. "I borrowed a very good book from our library yesterday," said Mike to his father. 8. "Come to my house tomorrow, Jane," said Lena. 9. "Where are your books, Betsy?" said her mother.


274 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 275


 


Упражнение 332

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1."Lock the door when you leave the house," said my elder sister to me. 2. "Have you received a tele­gram from your wife?" she asked Robert. 3. Mabel said, "Nothing will change my decision and I shall leave for Cape Town tonight." 4. "Pease don't smoke in the room," said the old woman to her nephew. 5. "I am shivering with cold," said the girl. 6. "I want to sit in the armchair," said the boy. 7. The secretary said to me, "The delegation arrived in St. Petersburg yesterday." 8. "Open the window, please," she said to me. 9. He said, "I shall light a fire and make myself breakfast." 10. "Don't run to the door when you hear the bell," said the woman to her little daughter. 11. She asked me, "How long are you going to stay here?" 12. Mary asked me, "Will you spend your vacation in Moscow?"

Упражнение 333

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. Father said to Jane, "Show me your exercise book." 2. "What are you doing here, boys?" said Kate. 3. "Don't make noise," said Tom's mother to him. 4. Helen said to Pete, "Did you play chess with your father yesterday?" 5. Kate said to her grandmother, "Help me (to) cook the soup, please." 6. Mike said to the teacher, "My sister knows two foreign languages." 7. Tom said to his sister, "I saw your friend at the library yesterday." 8. "What have you prepared for today, children?" said the teacher. 9. The teacher said to the pupils, "Don't open your


books." 10. Mother said to me, "You willgo to the cinema tomorrow."

Упражнение 334

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1."Tom, go to bed," said his mother. 2. "I have never seen your toys," said Nellie to Pete. 3. "Give me your record book, Nick," said the teacher. 4. Ann said to Lena, "Look at my nice kitten." 5. "We shall go to the zoo tomorrow," said our grandmother. 6. Mother said to Pete, "Don't forget to wash your hands." 7. Nick said to his mother, "I am doing my homework." 8. "I have learnt a long poem," said Mike to the teacher. 9. "Don't play in the street," said the man to the boys. 10. "Why don't you drink your tea?" said my mother to me. 11. "I saw my friend at the stadium yesterday," said Johnny to his mother. 12. "When did you receive this letter?" my friend said to me. 13. "Will you play football with us?" said the boys to Peter.

Упражнение335

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "I shall buy some new stamps for you if you give me this one," said Mike to Kate. 2. "Will you bring your sister to the party with you, Boris?" asked Mary. 3. "Please don't touch me," he said to me. 4. My father said, "I think I shall not go to the beach with you today because I am very busy." 5. "I am very thirsty. Please give me some lemonade, Ann," said Tom. 6. "Don't lie to me, Tom," said Aunt Pol-


276 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвеннаяречъ 277


 


ly. "I am tired of your lies." 7. "Are you fond of going to the theatre?" asked my friend. "Have you seen any plays by Shakespeare?" 8. Nellie asked me, "Did you see 'Hamlet' last night?" 9. I asked Nel­lie, "Shall we go to the theatre together?" 10. "Does Mike like Shakespeare?" asked Nellie. "Will he go to the theatre with us?"

Упражнение 336

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "Why are you shouting, man?" said Prince John to Locksley. "What is your name?" 2. "Who has read "Ivanhoe"?" asked the teacher. "Whom was it written by?" 3. One of the pupils asked the teacher of literature, "What novels shall we read next year?" 4. "Is the river Volga in Russia?" asked the French­man. 5. "Are you playing volleyball, girls?" said Ann. "I did not know that you liked it." 6. "Don't touch these photographs," said Peter to us. "They are still wet, and you may spoil them." 7. "Does your friend often come here, boys?" said Fred. "I want to speak to him." 8. "How did you manage to solve this difficult problem in such a short time?" said my friend to me. 9. The teacher said to us, "You will write a paper tomorrow." 10. "I saw a new film yes­terday," said Kate to Nick. "Did you like it?" asked Nick.

Упражнение 337

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "Do you know where the Browns live?" we asked a passerby. 2. "There are a lot of trains to my station on Sunday," said Andrew to us. "You will


have no problems getting to my country place." 3. "Do you often meet my sister at the library?" he asked me. 4. "Will the teacher return our exercise books today?" asked Nick. 5. "My nephew is a very capable young man," said the woman. "He has just graduated from college, but he is already a very skilful specialist." 6. "Sit still and don't move your head," said the doctor to me. 7. "I want to know how your cousin likes working at this hospital," said Vera to Helen. 8. "Don't forget to bring your exercise books tomorrow," said the teacher to us. "You are going to write a very important paper." 9. "How can I get to the circus?" asked the girl. "Take tram number five," said the man. 10. "I am very sorry, Kate," said Mike, "I have forgotten to bring your dictionary." 11. "When does your mother go shop­ping?" asked the neighbour.

Упражнение 338

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. She said, "I am busy today and I shall be bus­ier tomorrow." 2. Jane said, "I shall come to school early tomorrow." 3. They said, "We shall not go to school on Sunday." 4. Mr. Dickson said, "I shall have to pay a lot of money for the car." 5. Peter said to me, "I'll be waiting for you at the station." 6. Mary said, "I'll be back soon." 7. She said to me, "What are you going to do when you come home?" 8. She said, "I hope I'll soon speak English well." 9. He said, "I am sure it will rain tomorrow." 10. They said, "We shall go to the river tomorrow if it is hot."

11. He said, "I am sure she will come in time."

12. She said, "I shall be able to read English news­papers without a dictionary next year."


278ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 279


 


Упражнение 339

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. The teacher said to us, "You will have to work hard tomorrow." 2. My girlfriend said to me, "I shall not be able to go for a walk with you today, because I am very busy." 3. She said to me, "How long are you going to stay in the country?" 4. He said to me, "I like to go to the canteen during the break." 5. He asked me, "When will you go to the canteen?"

6. John said, "I met them at the airport yesterday."

7. He said, "I shall come to the party if I am free tomorrow." 8. She said, "I shall go to the cinema in the evening if I am not very tired." 9. My mother said to me, "It will be difficult for you to get up to­morrow if you don't go to bed at once." 10. Nina said, "I like music and I listen to it every evening before going to bed." 11. My aunt said, "I shall not be thirsty if I eat some grapes." 12. Mother said to us, "Don't go out before I return." 13. My sister said, "I shall be neither hungry nor thirsty if I have a cup of tea with a sandwich." 14. Mary said, "Don't switch the TV, Fred, I am working."

Упражнение 340

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "I shall gladly go to the cinema with you be­cause I haven't seen this film and I want to see it very much," said my aunt. 2. "Which of you can answer my question?" the teacher asked the pupils.

3. "Do you think that simple food is better for chil­dren than rich food?" she asked the doctor.

4. "Why did our team lose the game?" said Vera. "It


has always been very strong." 5. "Where have you put my book, Mary?" said Tom. "I cannot find it." 6. "I am very happy," said Fred. "I have bought a very good bicycle." 7. "Whom are you waiting for, boys?" asked the man. 8. "I shall not go to the party tomorrow because I don't feel well," said Mary. 9. "We saw a lot of places of interest when we were travelling around Europe last summer," said Wal­ter. 10. "I suppose we shall go to the theatre tomor­row," said Jane. 11. "Please don't take the books from my table," said Lena to me. "I have specially prepared them for working on my report." 12. "Don't be afraid, Nick," said his grandfather. "This dog is very clever and it won't do you any harm."

Упражнение 341

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. Не said to me, "Come at nine o'clock, I shall be free at that time and we shall have a nice cup of cof­fee." 2. Nina asked her friend, "What did the pro­fessor speak about in his lecture?" 3. Ann said, "He is one of the best speakers I have ever heard." 4. He said, "I haven't yet seen the film you are talking about." 5. He said, "I seldom went to see my friend in May as I was very busy." 6. She asked her brother, "Will you manage to get tickets to the Philharmonic on Sunday?" 7. My friend said, "We arrived in Kiev on Saturday and the next day we went to look round the city." 8. She said to me, "Did you live in St. Petersburg ten years ago?" 9. She said to me, "Are you going to leave St. Petersburg for the sum­mer?" 10. My friend said to me, "The discussion will still be going on when you return." 11. He said, "I am proud of my brother who took the first prize at


280 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 281


 


the competition." 12. She asked me, "How long have you been living in St. Petersburg?" 13. She said, "He has just left." 14. He asked me, "When will your parents arrive in St. Petersburg?" 15. She said to me, "Were you present at the meeting yes­terday?"

Упражнение 342

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло-ОтСан UiH-jc.

1.Mary wondered if Jane would be busy the next day. 2. John asked Mary if she was afraid of thun­derstorm. 3. He asked her if she had ever walked in rainy weather. 4. Mary told John that she pre­ferred sunny days. 5. The woman asked her son if he was in a hurry. 6. Ann asked if they would go to the country the next day. 7. Kate asked her friend what she liked to do on her days off. 8. I asked the secretary if I might speak to the headmistress. 9. Nick wanted to know if Helen would give him her book. 10. Tom asked if Jane would go to the Philharmonic with him. Jane asked at what time he was planning to go. Tom said that it would take them long to get there. Jane asked where they would meet.

Упражнение343

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло­жениях.

1.When I came home, my mother told me that a friend of mine had called on me half an hour be­fore. 2. He said that he studied at Moscow Universi­ty. 3. She said that her brother was playing chess


with her grandfather. 4. George said it was very difficult to play that role. 5. He asked why there were so few people in the street. 6. The man asked the boy if he knew where he lived. 7. The woman told him not to worry and go home quietly. 8. She said that she would sleep in the open air. 9. She wondered if I was going to leave St. Petersburg the next day. 10. He told me that he had bought that watch the day before. 11. Ann said that she had just had a telephone call from home. 12. My neigh­bour asked me to leave the key at my sister's. 13. He said he could not understand the rule. 14. He told me he had bought a ticket the day before.

Упражнение 344

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло-

1. Annie said that she had seen the film several months before. 2. Lydia said she had not seen it yet.

3. Boris told me that he wanted to build a radio set.

4. He told me that he had built a radio set. 5. Jack said that he often went to see Bob. 6. She said she had seen Mary that day. 7. Mike said he liked Dick­ens' novels very much. 8. He told me he had read "Dombey and Son" the year before. 9. The teacher said that the pupils would read the text the next day. 10. She asked me to buy some bread on my way home. 11. Mother told me not to be late for dinner.

 

12. I asked Mike if he had "Gulliver's Travels".

13. Mike asked me if I had read "Robinson Crusoe" by Daniel Defoe. 14. I asked John if he would be at home at three o'clock. 15. The teacher asked who was ill. 16. Nick asked Pete what he had seen at the museum. 17. The teacher asked who was absent.


282 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 283


 


Упражнение 345

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло-

1. Iasked my aunt if she was going to her home­town for the holidays. 2. He told me that he hadn't been able to ring me up in time. 3. He asked his class­mates to wait for him. 4. He asked her if anyone else knew about his arrival. 5. I asked him when he would take his last examination. 6. He asked me if I had taken part in the football match. 7. She asked me where I lived. 8. He said that he had joined a sports society. 9. He told me that he had seen my brother the day before. 10. She asked me to hurry up as there was little time left before the beginning of the meet­ing. 11. She asked her friend if the rain had stopped. 12. He answered that it was still raining. 13. My sister told me that she had found the book I was look­ing for. 14. He said that he didn't like the main char­acter of the book but he could not explain why. 15. He asked his brother what he would do if he did not find the book he needed.

Упражнение 346

Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предло жениях.

1. The man told us to have our passports ready. 2. He told us to pass up the gangway. 3. He said we would find our luggage on deck. 4.1 asked my friend if he would go down to his cabin or stay up on deck. 5. He said he was a bad sailor and could not stay on deck. 6. We told the porter to take our luggage to cabin number eight. 7. I asked my friend if he of­ten went to England. 8. He said he did not cross the


English Channel very often for it was rough as a rule. 9. My friend asked me if I knew when the boat was due1 at Southampton. 10. I asked my friend if he thought it would take us long to get through the customs.

Упражнение 347

Ответьте на следующие вопросы, употребляя косвенную речь.

• E.g. "I likenovels written by Dickens," saidNina to her friend Vera. "I have readmany of them." What did Nina say to Vera? Nina toldVera that she likednovels written by Dickens and that she had readmany of them.

1. "My favourite books are 'Gulliver's Travels'
and 'Robinson Crusoe'," answered Vera. "And now
I am reading a novel by Walter Scott."

What did Vera answer Nina?

2. "Last year we learnt some poems by Byron and
Shelley, they are so beautiful," said Nina.

What did Nina say?

3. "I know many poems by these great poets.
I have read some books about Byron and Shelley7
too," said Vera.

What did Vera tell Nina?

4. "This year we shall read a play by Shakespeare
in English," said Nina.

What did Nina say?

1 whenthe boat was due — когда корабль прибывает


284 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвенная речь 285


 


Упражнение 348 Переведите на английский язык. Сравните кон­струкцию повествовательных и повелительных предложений в прямой и косвенной речи.

1. Мой друг сказал: „Все ученики нашего клас­са любят уроки истории".

2. Я сказал ему: „Мы любим уроки англий­ского языка".

3. Учительница сказала: „Скоро вы будете хо­рошо говорить по-ан­глийски, так как вы много работаете".

4. Учитель сказал: „Я уже проверил вашу контрольную работу".

5. Катя сказала: „Папа в комнате. Он читает."

 

6. Мама сказала: „Не шумите! Дедушка спит".

7. Аня сказала: „Мы на­шли в лесу много гри­бов".


 

1. Мой друг сказал, что все ученики их клас­са любят уроки исто­рии.

2. Я сказал ему, что мы любим уроки англий­ского языка.

3. Учительница сказа­ла, что скоро мы бу­дем хорошо говорить по- английски, так как мы много работаем.

4. Учитель сказал, что он уже проверил на­шу контрольную работу.

5. Катя сказала, что па­па в комнате и что он читает.

6. Мама сказала нам, чтобы мы не шумели, так как дедушка спит.

7. Аня сказала, что они нашли в лесу много грибов.


Упражнение 349

Переведите на английский язык. Сравните кон­струкцию вопросительных предложений в прямой и косвенной речи.

1. Вчера наш учитель 1. Вчера наш учитель
спросил нас: „Много спросил нас, много ли

ли вы читаете?" мы читаем.

2. Когда он увидел у меня в руках „Дэвида Копперфильда", он спросил, где я взял эту книгу. 3. Потом он спросил, знаю ли я что-нибудь об авторе этой книги.

2. Когда он увидел у ме­ня в руках „Дэвида Копперфильда", он спросил: „Где вы взя­ли эту книгу?"

3. Потом он спросил: „Знаете ли вы что-ни­будь об авторе этой книги?"

4. Миша спросил меня: 4. Миша спросил меня,
„Когда ты пойдешь когда я пойду поку-

пать книги.

покупать книги?"

Упражнение 350

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "Did you run a race yesterday?" said Peter. "Yes, we did," said Ann. "Tamara was the first to come to the finish." 2. "Where is my bag, mother?" asked Tom. "I have put it on the chair near the door," said his mother. "Don't forget to put your record book into it." 3. "Why can't we play here, mother?" asked the children. "Father is sleeping," said their mother. "He has worked very much today.


286 ГРАММАТИКА. СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


Согласование времен. Косвеннаяречъ 287


 


Keep quiet." 4. "Why do you help her?" said Alec to us. "She is lazy. She can do everything herself." 5. "I don't want to go to the zoo. I was there last week with my cousin and saw all the animals," said Lena. 6. "Look at my stamps, father," said Nick. "When will you buy some new ones for me?" 7. "I can't do this exercise: it is too difficult," said Tanya. "Why didn't you ask your teacher to explain it?" said her brother. 8. "Can you see the lights over there in the distance?" said the lighthouse keeper. "Yes, I can," said his assistant. "A ship is giving signals."

Обратите внимание на передачу следующих конструкций в косвенной речи:

"Let's playchess," said Nick. —

Nick suggested playingchess. "All right,"said Pete. — Pete agreed. "Oh no,"said Mike. — Mike refused.

Упражнение 351

Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "Let's play badminton," said Nina. "All right," said Mike. "I like to play badminton very much." 2. "Let's run a race," said Bill. "No," said Jack. "I hurt my foot three days ago and now I cannot run." 3. "Will you show me your new flat?" said Tom. "Of course," said Becky. "Come to our place tomorrow." 4. "I shall go to see my friend tomor­row," said Kate. "Will you come with me?" "Yes, I shall," said Pete. "I want to see your friend." 5. "Does your friend always come to school so early?" said Victor. "No," said Mary. "She came so early this





Читайте также:





Читайте также:
Как построить свою речь (словесное оформление): При подготовке публичного выступления перед оратором возникает вопрос, как лучше словесно оформить свою...
Как выбрать специалиста по управлению гостиницей: Понятно, что управление гостиницей невозможно без специальных знаний. Соответственно, важна квалификация...

©2015 megaobuchalka.ru Все права защищены авторами материалов.

Почему 3458 студентов выбрали МегаОбучалку...

Система поиска информации

Мобильная версия сайта

Удобная навигация

Нет шокирующей рекламы



(0.079 сек.)