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The Future Perfect Progressive Tense




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Утвердительная Отрицательная Вопросительная
I We shall He She have been It will writing You They I We shan’t He She have been It won’t writing You They I Shall We He She have been Will It writing You They

The Future Perfect Progressiveобозначает действие, которое начинается до определённого момента в будущем и будет продолжаться до этого момента и в этот момент в будущем.

In 15 minutes the students will have been writing the test for two hours.

Exercise1.

Translate the sentences. Make them negative and interrogative.

1. In 15 minutes we shall have been writing the composition for 2 hours.

2. Next year Jim will have been studying chemistry for 3 years.

3. By the first of December he will have been working here for 8 years.

4. Next summer I’ll have been studying here for 2 years.

5. The students will have been answering for a whole hour already by twelve o’clock.

6. In a month they will have been travelling abroad for a year.

 

Exercise 2.

Use Future Perfect Progressive Tense instead of the infinitives in brackets.

1. Next year we (to study) English for three years.

2. It (to show) for a week tomorrow.

3. In a month he (to play) football for seven years.

4. In ten minutes they (to discuss) this question for 2 hours.

5. He (to write) a letter for an hour when you come.

6. I (to live) here for 5 years by July 1.

 

Exercise 3.

Use the Future Perfect or the Future Perfect Progressive.

1. They (to complete) the new building by the end of the year.

2. By the end of the week we (to wait) seventeen weeks for our telephone to be repaired.

3. I hope you (to finish) this report by the end of the day.

4. She (to leave) for work before the children get home from school.

5. They (to be married) for 25 years next month.

6. In two day I (to read) this book for a month.

 

Exercise 4.

Read the following extract and comment on the tenses that are used in it.

The nurse was reading a big book. She had been reading it since eight in the morning and now it was late in the afternoon.

“ What’s it about?” he asked her.

“Fellow named Rhett Batler”, the nurse said.

“What about him?”

“It’s about people down South”

“Tell me about them”, he said

“I’ve just started reading it. It’s a very long look”, the nurse said.



“Well”, he said. “I guess I’ll never know then”

“You’ll be all right”

“I am all right now”

“Just rest”

“I am resting all the time”, he said

“I fell so at peace with the world. I am living in my memories all the time”

 

 

Test №2. Variant №1.

1. The students of the University ......... different subjects during their five year course of studies.

a) study b) studied c) studies

2. How long ......... it take you to get to the Institute?

a) do b) does

3. Did he ......... the week-end in the country?

a) spend b) spent c)spends

4. I ......... a report on this subject when I studied in the 11 form.

a)wrote b) have written c) have been writing

5. ......... he meet us at the station tomorrow?

a) Does b)Do c) Will

6. She wants to be a specialist in the field of economics when ......... the University.

a) leave b) leaves c) left

7. We ......... a party next Saturday. Would you like to come?

a) are having b) have c) had

8. I ......... a grammar test now.

a) write b) have been writing c) am writing

9. When I arrived my sister ......... dinner.

a) was having b) had c) is having

10. It ......... all day yesterday.

a) rained b) will rain c) was raining

11. Probably I ......... an English lesson at this time tomorrow.

a) shall have b) shall be having c) have

12. When we come to Moscow they ......... us at railway station.

a) will be meeting b) meet c) are meeting

13. I ......... this article yet.

a) didn’t translate b) haven’t translated

14. I am afraid, I ......... my book at home.

a) have forgotten b) forgot c) had forgotten

15. We ......... the letter before we learnt the news.

a) have sent b) sent c) had sent

16. We were hurrying because we thought that the bell .........

a) has already rung b) had already rung c) had already rang

17. I hope, you ......... all your exams by the 25 of December.

a) will have passed b) will pass c) have passed

18. Julia ......... all the housework by 3 o’clock and we’ll go for a walk.

a) will finish b) has finished c) will have finished

19. I ......... English since last December.

a) am learning b) have been learning c) learn d) learnt

20. I was very tired when I arrived. I ......... hard all day.

a) worked b) was working c) had been working

 

Test №2. Variant №2

1. Nobody ......... going to the dentist.

a) enjoy b) enjoys

2. It doesn't .........me long to wash and dress in the morning.

a) take b) takes

3. Mozart ......... playing the piano at the age of 4.

a) has begun b) had begun c) began

4. Were you tired after your working day yesterday? - Yes, I .........

a) were b) was c) did

5. We ......... from the institute in five years.

a) graduate b) graduated c) shall graduate

6. I shall ring you up as soon as I ......... home.

a) come b) came c) shall come

7. Can you come to me on Friday? - Sorry, I'd love to, but I ......... for

London tomorrow.

a) leave b) am leaving c) will leave

8. Who ......... with John at the moment?

a) is speaking b) speaks c) are speaking

9. When we came into the hall, they ......... this problem.

a) discussed b) have discussed c) were discussing

10. We ......... for an hour, but he didn't come.

a) waited b) were waiting c) are waiting

11. This time tomorrow they ......... in the train on their way to Chicago.

a) will be sitting b) will sit c) sit

12. I ......... when you return.

a) shall work b) work c) shall be working

13. I ......... the dean today.

a) didn't see b) haven't seen c) don't see

14. They ......just...... the new words.

a) had learnt b) were learning c) had been learning d) have learnt

15. He quickly forgot everything he ......... at school.

a) learnt b) was learning c) had learnt

16. We arrived five minutes late. The train .........

a) had gone b) has gone c) went

17. I ......... this course in June.

a) will have finished b) have finished c) will finish

18. I hope you ......... all the words when I come back.

a) will leam b) have learnt c) will have learnt

19. My brother ......... music lessons for 3 years now.

a) has taken b) has been taking c) took

20. I ......... the article for an hour when you came.

a) had been translating b) was translating c) had translated

 

Test №2. Variant №3

1. Everybody ......... about this.

a) know b) knows

2. Who ......... to answer this question?

a) does want b) do want c) want d) wants

3. They ......... the institute three years ago.

a) enter b) have entered c) entered

4. When ......... in London?

a) have you arrived b) did you arrive

5. Who of your school teachers .........all your life?

a) do you remember b) did you remember c) will you remember

6. We shall discuss the results when we ......... our experiments.

a) shall finish b) finished c) finish

7. Have you written the letter yet? - No, I haven't. I ......... it.

a) have written b) am writing c) was writing

8. I ......... the dictionary this evening, so you can have it.

a) am not using b) don't use c) won't be using

9. When you rang me yesterday, I .........my homework.

a) did b) have been doing c) was doing

10. Last year at this time I ......... exams.

a) was taking b) took c) have been taking

11. Don't phone me between 7 and 8. I ......... an English lesson.

a) shall have b) was having c) shall be having

12. I ......... for you when you come out.

a) shall be waiting b) shall wait c) wait

13. I ......... at any lecture this month.

a) had not been b) wasn't c) haven't been

14. They ......... already ......... for Manchester.

a) have left b) had left c) have been leaving

15. I ......... in Moscow before I moved to St.Peterburg.

a) lived b) live c) had lived

16. The students entered the classroom five minutes after the bell .........

a) had rung b) has rung c) rang

17. By the time we get there, the lesson .........

a) will have finished b) will finish c) has finished

18. I hope, you ......... this work by tomorrow.

a) will finish b) will have finished c) have finished

19. How long ......... English?

a) have you been learning b) are you learning c) have you learnt

20. I ......... English for 5 years before I entered the Institute.

a) have studied b) had been studying c) had studied

Test №2. Variant №4

1. This is a restaurant that ......... Chinese food.

a) serve b) served c) serves

2. .........he study any foreign language?

a) Do b) Does

3. When my mother was young she ......... to become an actress.

a) wanted b) had wanted c) wants

4. Who ......... America?

a) discover b) did discover c) discovered

5. The first-year students .........philosophy next term.

a) study b) will study c) studied

6. We'll be late if the bus .........

a) doesn't arrive b) won't arrive c) hasn't arrived

7. What are you doing on Saturday? - We ......... the Tower.

a) visit b) shall be visiting c) are visiting

8. Who .........a report now? Do you know him?

a) makes b) is making c) will make

9. We ......... about him when he suddenly came in.

a) just talked b) were just talking

10. At 6 o'clock I .........for Jennie at the station.

a) was waiting b) waited c) have waited

11. The students .........to the lecture at 9 o'clock tomorrow.

a) listen b) are listening c) will be listening

12. If you call him at 7 he .........the news.

a) will be watching b) will watch c) watches

13. ......you ......this film before?

a) Did ... see b) Had ... seen c) Have ... seen

14. I ......... the sentences. Check them, please.

a) have translated b) translated c) had translated

15. When I saw the girl I was sure I ......... her before.

a) met b) have met c) had met

16. When he ......... his work, he called his friend.

a) finished b) had finished c) has finished

17.1 think, I ......... all these rules by tomorrow.

a) will have forgotten b) will forget c) have forgotten

18. He ......... his homework by 7 p.m.

a) has done b) will do c) will have done

19. I ......... this article since Monday.

a) translated b) have been translating c) am translating

20. Ken gave up smoking. He ......... for 10 years.

a) had been smoking b) smoked c) was smoking

 

 

The Passive Voice.

В английском языке глагол имеет два залога: действительный (the Active voice) и страдательный (Passive Voice).

Страдательный залог образуется с помощью глагола to be в соответствующей видо-временной форме и причастия II (Participle II) смыслового глагола.

Aspect \ Tense Present Past Future
Simple Am is told are was told were shall be told will
Progressive am is being told are was being told were   _________
Perfect have been told has had been told shall have been told will

Глагол в страдательном залоге в английском языке можно переводить на русский язык следующими способами:

1. сочетанием глагола “быть” с краткой формой страдательного причастия;

2. глаголом оканчивающимся на -ся(-сь);

3. глаголом в действительном залоге в 3-м лице мн. числа в составе неопределённо-личного предложения.

Страдательный залог употребляется:

1. когда нам неизвестно лицо, совершающее действие, или по каким-то причинам мы не хотим упоминать его:

A lot of books are published in our country every year.

2. когда предмет действия представляет для нас больший интерес, чем действующее лицо:

The picture was bought yesterday.

Exercise1.

 

Here are the Passive forms of the Indefinite Tenses. Study the sentences, translate them into Russian, guess the tense-form.

1. This problem will be discussed later.

2. Many accidents are caused by dangerous driving.

3. Will the translation be done tomorrow? – I hope, it will.

4. Young people from many foreign countries are taught in Moscow University.

5. It is stuffy here. The room was not cleaned.

6. You are not allowed to miss classes.

7. At noon the sky was covered with heavy clouds.

8. English is spoken in many countries of the world.

9. A very interesting photo was shown to me.

10. In New York the streets running north and south are called “Avenues”, the streets going east and west are called “Streets”.

 

Exercise 2.

 

Use the right form of the verb “to be”.

1. Newspapers ... brought every day.

2. This book ... sold in every shop of the city.

3. This paper ... delivered only yesterday.

4. By whom ... this article translated?

5. The President of the U.S. ... elected every four years.

6. Moscow ... founded in 1147.

7. The telephone ... fixed tomorrow.

8. An interesting film ... shown tomorrow evening. Are you going to watch it?

 

Exercise3.

Rewrite the sentences in the Passive Voice.

Pattern:The doctor carefully examined the children. – The children were carefully examined by the doctor.

1. Our mother will make many tasty things for the party.

2. The teacher explained this rule yesterday.

3. The tourists asked the guide a lot of questions about this part of the city.

4. Everybody discusses a new film.

5. Our teacher gives us much home-work.

6. The librarian showed the students how to find necessary books.

7. The students will take their exam in room 305.

8. Students write tests every month.

9. She will give your money back to you.

 

Exercise4.

 

Supply the Passive forms of the verbs given below using Present, Past or Future Simple Tenses.

 

Verbs: give, build, paint, export, ask, read, watch, discover.

1. The picture Mona Lisa ... by Leonardo da Vinci.

2. Millions of cars ... from Japan every year.

3. This lecture ... to you next week.

4. I think, I ... at the next lesson.

5. The first pyramid of Egypt ... around 3000 BC.

6. Sholarship ... to students who study well.

7. This TV programme is very popular. It ... by millions of people.

8. When ... America ... ?

 

Exercise 5.





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