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What does business do?





1. Business is a difficult thing. It has many important elements: money, taxes, customers, transport, banks. Why do people do business? Why do they like small business?

2. People do business, provide services, buy and sell goods for a profit. There is no business without a profit. What business is good? All businesses are good. Production of goods is profitable, different services: for example, at hotels, motels, are profitable, too.

3. Communications are good business, too. For example, telephone and mail services. Financial services, for example, banking and insurance, work very well, too.

4. So, people do different businesses for a profit. They do what they like to do. For example, many families in America run small businesses now.

5. It is very popular to be a businessman or businesswoman. Women like to do business: to run a firm, to be a bank manager, or a shop keeper.

It is a new and very interesting tendency in modern life.

2. Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосочетаний:

1) good(s) 2) tax(es) 3) customer 4) profit 5) banking 6) insurance 7) to run a business 8) a shop keeper 9) to provide services 10) to make money a) прибыль, доход b) страхование c) товар(ы), изделие d) руководить предприятием e) зарабатывать деньги f) оказывать услуги g) владелец магазина h) банковское дело i) налог(и) j) покупатель, заказчик, клиент

Прочитайте текст и переведите на русский язык в письменной форме.

4. Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последовательности, в которой они поставлены.

Вопросы:

1) Why do people do business?

2) What elements of business do you know?

3) What kind of services do people provide?

4) What form of business is popular in many American families?

5) What do women prefer to do in business?

Ответы:

a) …small business.

b) …telephone and mail services, financial services at hotels, motels.

c) …money, taxes, customers, transport, banks.

d) …for a profit.

e) …to run a firm, to be a bank manager ora shop keeper.

5. Закончите предложение, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:

1) There is no business… 2) Production of goods… 3) Financial services, for example… 4) People have different services…   a) …is profitable. b) …banking and insurance work very well. c) …in banks, post offices. d) …without a profit.  

Контрольная работа №1

Вариант 2

1. Переведите на русский язык интернационализмы, встречающиеся в тексте "How do you make a profit?"

materials, rent, telephone, minimum, maximum

How do you make a profit?

1. As we know, there is no business without a profit. But how do we make a profit? Firstly, you must estimate your costs. What are costs? Costs are the money you spend to run the business. Secondly, you must estimate your pricing. The price of goods is the money you want to get for your goods.

2. In business there are four types of costs: firstly, material costs, secondly, labour costs, thirdly, overheads, and, lastly, your own wages.



3. Material costs include the money you spend when you buy the materials which you need. Labour costs include the money you pay to the people who work for you.

4. Overheads include the money you pay for rent, telephone calls, advertising, travel and so on. Overheads have no direct connection with the product. But they are very important to organize your business. Your own wages in small business are not the maximum money you get from your business. It is the minimum money from your business which is enough for living.

2. Найдите в правой колонке русские эквиваленты английских слов и словосочетаний:

1) to spend money 2) to make a profit 3) to estimate costs 4) material costs 5) labour costs 6) overheads 7) wages 8) advertising 9) pricing 10) travel 11) good(s) a) посчитать издержки b) зарплата c) ценообразование d) реклама e) командировки f) издержки на оплату рабочей силы g) тратить деньги h) накладные расходы i) издержки на оплату сырья и материалов j) товар(ы) k) получать прибыль

Прочитайте текст и переведите на русский язык в письменной форме.

Найдите соответствующие ответы на вопросы и напишите их в той последовательности, в которой вопросы поставлены.

Вопросы:

1) What do you need to estimate to make a profit?

2) What are costs?

3) What types of costs are there in business?

4) What are labour costs?

5) What do overheads include?

Ответы:

a) …the money you pay for rent, telephone calls, ads, travel.

b) …the money you pay to the people who work for you.

c) …material and labour costs, overheads and your own wages.

d) …the money you spend to run the business.

e) …to estimate costs and pricing.

5.Закончите предложение, выбрав соответствующий вариант окончания:

1) The price of goods is... 2) Overheads have no direct connection... 3) Your own wages in small business... 4) Pricing is... a) …is the minimum money from your business which is enough for living. b) …the money you want to get for your goods. c) …determining the best price. d) …with the product but they are very important to organize your business.  

Контрольная работа № 1

Вариант 3

1. Переведите на русский язык интернационализмы, встречающиеся в тексте "What business is better?"

popular, stimulate, general, type, interest

What business is better: small business or big business?

1. As we know, there are two general types of business: small business on the one hand and big business on the other. Many people think that small business is more interesting than big business. At the same time they think it is more popular than the big one. Experience shows that small business is better for the people who own it, and big business is better for the employees who work in it.

2. Why is it so? May be because in small business labour costs and overheads are less than in big business. So poorer people can make more profit. But in big business richer people can spend money on all types of costs and stimulate workers with higher wages. Only experience can help you to understand this difference and to know what you like more and what you like less. Sometimes the least profitable business may become the most interesting one.

2. Найдите русские эквиваленты:





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