Exercise 29. Insert the missing word
1.It is also … … of many social and cultural … of national significance.
2.The word … is derived from the word Kanbarra.
3.Canberra is located near … … ….
4.Other large hills include Mount Taylor, … …, Mount Mugga Mugga and … … .
5.Canberra has a … dry continental climate.
6.There are … residential districts.
7.Many … government buildings in Canberra are open to the public.
Exercise 30. Find Russian equivalents of the following words or word combinations. Make up sentences of your own.
Unusual city, numerous government departments, Australian War Memorial, the surrounding bushland, relatively dry continental climate, two perpendicular axes, a town centre.
Exercise 31. Find English equivalents of the following words or word combinations. Make up sentences of your own.
Население, компромисс, правительство, самая высокая точка, сухие эвкалиптовые леса, жаркое лето, простираться вдоль, национальные памятники, жилые районы.
a municipality - муниципалитет
to be situated on - располагаться
a mouth - устье
hub - центр
landmark - достопримечательность
suburban area - окраина
to extend - простираться
township – поселок городского типа
community - сообщество
humid - влажный
official residence – официальная резиденция
Ottawa is the capital of Canada, a municipality and the second largest city within the province of Ontario.
In 2009, the city of Ottawa had a population of 812,129, making it the fourth-largest municipality in the country.
Ottawa is situated on the south bank of the Ottawa River, and contains the mouths of the Rideau River and Rideau Canal. The oldest part of the city is known as Lower Town, and occupies an area between the canal and the rivers. Across the canal to the west lies Centretown which is the city's financial and commercial hub. Situated between Centretown and the Ottawa River, the slight elevation of Parliament Hill is home to many of the capital's landmark government buildings, including the Peace Tower, and the legislative seat of Canada.
The City of Ottawa has a main urban area but there are many other urban, suburban and rural areas within the city's limits. The main suburban area extends a considerable distance to the east, west and south of the centre, and includes the former cities of Gloucester, Nepean and Vanier, the former village of Rockcliffe Park and the community of Blackburn Hamlet, the community of Orlйans.
Ottawa is made up of eleven historic townships, ten of which are from historic Carleton County and one from historic Russell. They are Cumberland, Fitzroy, Gloucester, Goulbourn, Huntley, March, Marlborough, Nepean, North Gower, Osgoode and Torbolton. Ottawa has a humid continental climate.
Ottawa is home to a wealth of national museums, official residences, government buildings, memorials and heritage structures.
Exercise 32. Answer the questions:
1. What is Ottawa?
2. What is the population of Ottawa?
3. What is the oldest part of the city?
4. Where does Centretown lie?
5. Is Parliament Hill home to many of the capital's landmark government buildings?
6. The main suburban area extends a considerable distance to the east, doesn’t it?
7. Is Ottawa made up of eleven historic townships?
8. What is home to a wealth of national museums?
Exercise 33. Insert the missing words into the following sentences:
1.… the second largest city within the province of Ontario.
2.Ottawa had a population of ….
3.Ottawa is situated on the south bank of the … ….
4.Across the canal to the west lies … which is the city's financial and … hub.
5.The … … has a main urban area.
6.The main … … extends a considerable distance to the east.
7.Ottawa is home to a wealth of … ….
Exercise 34. Find Russian equivalents of the following words or word combinations. Make up sentences of your own.
the second largest city, on the south bank, the oldest part of the city, financial and commercial hub, the capital's landmark government buildings, suburban and rural areas, west and south of the centre.
Exercise 35. Find English equivalents of the following words or word combinations. Make up sentences of your own.
Устье реки, занимать территорию, центр города, парламентский холм, городская территория, простираться, прежний город, исторический.
urban area – городская территория
rural area – сельская местность
to cover - охватывать
peninsula - полуостров
to be notable for – быть примечательным
harbour - гавань
northeast – северо - восток
to house - вмещать
Duke - герцог
nightlife – ночная жизнь
a myriad – несметное число
Wellington is the capital city and third most populous urban area of New Zealand. The urban area is situated on the southwestern tip of the country's North Island, and lies between Cook Strait and the Rimutaka Range. It is home to 386,000 residents, with an additional 3,700 residents living in the surrounding rural areas.
The Wellington urban area is the major population centre of the southern North Island, and is the seat of the Wellington Region - which in addition to the urban area covers the Kapiti Coast and Wairarapa. The urban area includes four cities: Wellington City, on the peninsula between Cook Strait and Wellington Harbour, contains the central business district and about half of Wellington's population; Porirua City on Porirua Harbour to the north is notable for its large Māori and Pacific Island communities; Lower Hutt City and Upper Hutt City are largely suburban areas to the northeast, together known as the Hutt Valley.
Wellington was named after Arthur Wellesley, the first Duke of Wellington and victor of the Battle of Waterloo.
Wellington is New Zealand's political centre, housing Parliament, the head offices of all Government Ministries and Departments and the bulk of the foreign diplomatic missions that are based in New Zealand.
Wellington's compact city centre supports an arts scene, cafй culture and nightlife much larger than many cities of a similar size. It is an important centre of New Zealand's film and theatre industry, and second to Auckland in terms of numbers of screen industry businesses. Te Papa Tongarewa (the Museum of New Zealand), the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, the Royal New Zealand Ballet, Museum of Wellington City & Sea and the biennial New Zealand International Arts Festival are all sited there.
Wellington has become home to a myriad of high-profile events and cultural celebrations, including the biennial New Zealand International Arts Festival, biennial Wellington Jazz Festival, biennial Capital E National Arts Festival for Children and major events such as World of Wearable Art, Cuba Street Carnival, New Zealand Fringe Festival, New Zealand International Comedy Festival, Summer City, The Wellington Folk Festival, New Zealand Affordable Art Show, the New Zealand Sevens Weekend and Parade, Out in the Square, Vodafone Homegrown, the Couch Soup theater festival, and numerous film festivals.
Exercise 36. Answer the following questions:
1. What is Wellington?
2. Where is it situated on?
3. How many residents do in the surrounding rural areas live?
4. What is the seat of the Wellington Region?
5. How many cities does urban area include?
6. Who was Wellington named after?
7. Is Wellington New Zealand's political centre?
8. What is an important centre of New Zealand's film and theatre industry?
9. Wellington has become home to a myriad of high-profile events, hasn’t it?
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