Настоящее простое время (Present Indefinite)
Present Indefinite глаголов образуется с помощью инфинитива глагола без частицы to для всех лиц и чисел, кроме 3-го лица ед. ч. В 3-м лице ед. ч. к глаголу добавляется окончание s.
I make a break
Не / Shemakes a break
Wemake a break
Theymake a break
Вопросительная форма образуется с помощью вспомогательных глаголов do/does.
Do you often make breaks during ... ? Yes, I do / No, I don't.
Does he often make breaks? Yes, he does. /No, he doesn't.
Do they often make breaks? Yes, they do / No, they don't
Отрицательная форма образуется с помощью вспомогательных глаголов do not (don't)/does not (doesn't)
Idon't usuallymake many breaks when ...
He / Shedoesn 't usuallymake many breaks when ...
Wedon't usuallymake many breaks when ...
Theydon't usuallymake many breaks when ...
Present Indefinite выражает обычное, повторяющееся, постоянно характеризующее кого-либо действие или состояние. Например:
Peteis a Russian businessman
Неspeaks English fluently
He oftenmeets English businessmen
His company sometimessends Russian businessmen to England.
Present indefinite употребляется также в описательной части диалогов (как и в пьесах) для указания следующих друг за другом действий. Например:
At exactly ten to ten Nick enters the hotel. He sees David in the lounge. They exchange greetings and go to the car.
2. Translate into Russian:
They are at the airport to meet David Hill.
They see David and come up to him.
Pete and David exchange greetings and Pete introduces Nick to David.
They shake hands and follow Nick to the car.
I also sometimes go to Sheremetievo airport.
I go there to meet or to see off my friends or collegues.
But I don't like this airport.
Do you like this airport?
ü sometimes — иногда
ü to see off— провожать
3. Make short dialogues:
4. Read the following:
• Good morning!
Everything was fine.
How long will they stay?
accounting in companies and banks
I'm making a note of that.
• We had a very nice evening.
What would you like to start with?
They are satisfied with your choice.
It will be very good.
Where will the lecture be read?
In a conference room of the hotel where they will stay.
5. Translate into Russian:
1 hope you had a good sleep and liked the hotel.
The hotel and the restaurant are all right.
We had a very nice evening at the restaurant.
Everything was fine.
I also enjoyed last night.
6. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:
— Good moming I hope you ... hotel
— Thank you ... The hotel and ... We had a very nice .... Everything was ...
— 1 also ... night.
7. Match English and Russian equivalents:
8. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:
— Now, shall we ...
— Yes, certainly. There are a few ... What ... start with?
— If you don't mind ... time ... We are planning ... 10 ... not later than on ...
— How long ... ?
— They prefer ... 8 ... or ... nights
9. Translate into Russian:
— Have you got any comments on the topics of the lectures?
— On the whole the participants are quite satisfied with your choice.
— But if you could add "Accounting in companies and banks" it will be very good.
— No problem.
— I'm making a note of that.
— We have got a very good lecturer on this topic.
10. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:
• — Have you got any comments ... ?
— On the whole the participants ... choice. But if you could add ... good.
— No problem. I'm making ... We have got ...
• — And where will ... be read?
— In one of the ... rooms ... where they will stay. I mean ... hotel in Baker Street.
— I hope ... centre ...
— Oh, yes. It is very close to ...
— Very good. Then let's .. break ...
— Not a bad ...
After having lunch at the canteen of the company the businessmen resume their talk.
Pete: There a few more things I would like to discuss with you.
David: Well, I'm at your service, sir.
Pete: In your offer you proposed a few external business visits for the group.
David: Yes, I proposed visits to the Bank of England, Metal Exchange, a lawyers' company and a small producing company.
Pete: That's right. Could you cut a visit to the Metal Exchange? A few participants would like to have some time for a visit or two of their own interest.
David: Good. We shall have lectures in the moinings and business visits in the afternoons. Two afternoons are free. And the participants may easily pay their own visits. If they need my help I am always very glad to help.
Pete: Fine It's settled then And one more thing. What cultural excursions will the group make?
David: I propose visits to Windsor and Oxford.
Pete: Fine. Now comes the most important question. I mean the Programme fee.
David: Let me make some calculations first ... Taking into consideration all the changes we made in the programme the fee comes to ten thousand pounds.
Pete: In other words one thousand per person... I suppose I can agree to that. It seems to me we have discussed all the points and can sign a Contract.
David: When we meet tomorrow afternoon the Contract will be ready and we shall sign it.
Pete: See you at 3, if it is convenient for you.
David: Good. See you tomorrow then. Good-bye.
Words and expressions
1. Underline the sentences true to the text:
• After having some coffee at the canteen the businessmen resume their talk.
After having a cold drink at the canteen the businessmen resume their talk.
They resume the talk after having lunch at the canteen.
• In his offer David proposed one external visit.
In his offer David proposed no external visits.
In his offer David proposed a few external visits.
• Pete asks David to cut a visit to the London Metal Exchange.
He asks David to cut a visit to a lawyer's company.
He asks David to cut a visit to a producing company.
• The Programme fee is ten thousand dollars per person.
The Programme fee is ten thousand pounds per person.
The Programme fee is one thousand pounds per person.
• The businessman agree to meet tomorrow to discuss some other details.
The businessman agree to meet to sign a Contract.
The businessman agree to sign a Protocol.
2. Underline the verbs in Present Indefinite. Translate the sentences into Russian:
After lunch the businessmen resume their talks.
Mr. Hill proposes a few external visits.
Mr. Smirnov asks him to cut one visit.
David agiees to cut the visit
They also discuss cultural exclusions
They agiee on the piogiamme fee
They agree to meet tomorrow afternoon.
Pete is satisfied with the results of the talks.
I don't think Nick /s- present at the talks.
ü verbs — глаголы
ü to be present — присутствовать
3. Make short dialogues:
4. Answer the following questions:
the dialogue of Unit 1
the dialogue at the restaurant
the fax message of Unit 7
the exeicises of this Unit
5. Read the following:
• after having lunch
after discussing this point
after making some calculations
• There are a few more things to discuss.
In your offer you proposed a few visits.
They may pay a few visits of their own interest.
The Contract will be ready tomorrow.
See you tomorrow.
I can agree to that.
6. Translate into Russian:
In your offer you proposed a few external visits.
Could you cut a visit to the Metal Exchange?
A few participants are planning some visits of their own interest.
We shall have lectures in the mornings.
We shall have external visits in the afternoons.
Two afternoons are free.
The participants may easily have a few visits of their own interest.
I am always glad to help the participants.
I agree to cut the visit to the Metal Exchange.
It is settled then.
7. Match English and Russian equivalents:
8. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:
• — There are a few more things ...
— Well, ... service.
— In your offer ... external...
— Yes, ... the Bank of England, Metal ...
— That's right. Could you cut ... A few ... Would you like to have some time for a visit or two ...?
— Good. We shall have lectures ... and ... afternoons. Two ... free. And the ... may easily pay ... If they need my help, I am ...
— Fine. It ... settled ...
• — And one more... What cultural ...
— I ... Windsor and Oxford.
— Fine. Now comes ... important ... I mean ...
— Let me make some ... Taking into considerations ... the fee comes to ...
— In other words ... per person. I suppose I can ...
• — It seems time we have discussed ... and can ...
— When we meet tomorrow ... the Contract will be ... and we shall ...
— See you ... if it is ...
— Good. See ...
The next day the businessmen meet at Mr. Smirnov's premises and Mr. Hill hands him over a copy of the Contract he has prepared.
Here is a part of the Contract.
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