Сравнительные степени прилагательных Degrees of comparison of adjectives
Большинство прилагательных имеют сравнительную и превосходную степени сравнения. Как правило, односложные прилагательные образуют сравнительную степень с помощью суффикса -ег, а превосходную — с помощью суффикса -est. Например:
warm — warmer — warmest
Многосложные прилагательные образуют сравнительную степень с помощью слова more, а превосходную — с помощью слова most. Например:
serious — more serious — most serious
Некоторые прилагательные образуют степени сравнения не по правилам. Например:
good — better — best little — less — least
Bad — worse — worst much — more — most
4. Write as in the examples:
6. Find English equivalents in the text:
Английские газеты можно разделить на две группы.
Эти две группы можно легко отличить друг от друга
Английские газеты часто ассоциируют с Флит стрит
Радио Англии контролирует Би-Би-Си.
7. Translate as in the example:
8. Complete as much as you remember:
• The British are a nation...
Many of them have ... delivered.
British newspapers can be divided...
Quality newspapers .. while popular newspapers
These two groups... distmgished... British newspapers are often associated...
Fleet Stieet was the home...
But not long ago. . Docklands
Only... Fleet Street.
However... to mean 'the press'.
• Watching .. pastimes
Broadcasting... the ВВС and... the IBA
The ВВС receives... but... advertising .
The ВВС... channels.
• National radio is controlled... and... four...
There are many local... private... theВВС.
Their programmes consist...
9. Translate into Russian the sentence starting with:
'The IBA is rlesponsible....'.
Imagine you are speaking with an English businessman. Ask him a few questions about:
• English newspapers
• English radio
• English television programmes
Tell him what television programmes you like.
Unit forty eight
Here is an item on financial news published by The Financial Times which some participant read:
DOLLAR AND POUND RISE
The dollar and the pound resumed their advances of 1996 against the yen and the D-Mark yesterday.
The US currency was helped chiefly by the US stock and bond markets, which rebounded from Thursday's falls.
The dollar was also boosted by US construction spending for November, which rose where a fall had been forecast. The figures added to the evidence of recent weeks that the American economy has resumed stronger growth. "The US deceleration is probably coming to an end", said Mr. Peter von Maydell, senior currency economist at UBS in London.
The dollar gained 1,5 pfennigs against the D-Mark and YO.5 against the yen to close in London at D.M. 1.557 and Y11.2. But the Tokyo market remained closed for the National Holiday.
Sterling rebounded 2.8 pfennigs against the D-Mark after losing 3 pfennigs on Thursday. With trading thin, dealers say that one sale of GBP 50m worth of D-Marks sent sterling about a pfennig higher.
The pound closed in London at DM2.635 to the German currency and USD 1.692 to the dollar. It gained on strong consumer credit data and on rising oil prices
Sterling has been the strongest major currency over the Holiday period appreciating almost 2 per cent.
Words and expressions
1. Match English and Russian equivalents:
2. Find the sentences in the text with the following words:
3. Insert articles:
Here is... item on financial news published by.. Financial Times.
dollar and.. pound resumed their advances.
US currency was helped chiefly by... US stock and bond markets
... dollar was also boosted by US construction spending for November
... dollar rose where... fall had been forecast
The figures also say that... American economy has resumed stronger growth.
4. Read as in the examples:
5. Insert prepositions:
The dollar gained 1.5 pfennigs... the D-Mark... and Y 0.5... the yen.
But the Tokyo market remained closed... the national holiday.
Sterling rebounded 2.8 pfennigs... the D-Mark after losing 3 pfennigs. . Thursday.
The pound closed. London... DM 2.635 .. the German currency. It gained... strong consumer credit data.
6. Make sentences:
7. Give full words for the following:
FT prev. close
8. Underline the verbs and translate the sentences into Russian:
The dollar rose where a fall had been forecast.
The figures added to the evidence that the American economy has resumed stronger growth.
The US deceleration is coming to an end.
The dollar was boosted by US construction spending for November.
With trading thin it sent sterling about a pfennig high.
It gained on strong consumer credit data and rising oil prices.
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