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Check the knowledge of active vocabulary from this module with the help of





“ACTIVE VOCABULARY” section.

 

SIGNS, SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS

(the material of the module is taken from:“Engineering” Workshop by Lindsey White, OUP;

Unit 23, pg.26; Unit 24; pg.27)

SECTION A

What do these abbreviations stand for? Match the abbreviations below with their full forms (1-9) below.

cm kg l ml g (x)² (x)³ km m
centimetre   metre  
gram   millilitre  
kilogram   cubic  
kilometre   square  
litre        

 

2. Do we have the same words in the Russian language? Why is it useful to have standard international systems?

Complete the sentences (1-8) below by putting one word from the box in each space.

area capacity distance length liquid (quantity) speed weight height

 

DID YOU KNOW ?

1. The __________of the Eiffel Tower in Paris is about three hundred metres.
2. The __________of the Charles Bridge in Prague is five hundred and sixteen metres.
3. The surface __________ of Lake Balaton in Hungary is five hundred and ninety-three square kilometers.
4. The maximum __________ limit on expressways in Poland is one hundred and ten kilometers per hour.
5. The __________ of the bell in Dubrovnik’s city tower is two thousand kilograms.
6. The __________ between Bratislava and Budapest is about two hundred kilometers.
7. A magnum champagne bottle can hold one point five litres of __________.
8. The engine __________of Formula One car is three thousand cubic centimeters.

 

Match the numbers and abbreviations below with the words in italics from exercise 3 in the following table.

516m 110kph 3000cc (or cm³) 200km 300m 1.5l 593km² 2000kg
  height   weight  
  length   distance  
  area   liquid  
  speed     capacity  
                 

 

Rewrite the measurements (1-9) below as numbers and abbreviations.

Note: In English, we say 5m x 7m as ‘five metres by seven (metres)’ when we are talking about area. In mathematics, 5x7 is ‘five times seven’ or ‘ five multiplied by seven’.

 

Twenty-two kilometers per hour
Two litres
One point five square metres
Six square kilometers
Fifty milliliters
Eighteen kilograms
One hundred and thirty grams
One point five metres by fifty centimeters
Nought point seven five cubic metres

Write true answers to the following questions.

1. How large is your classroom?

2. How tall are you?

3. What is the speed limit on the roads in your country/city/town?

4. How fast can you run?

5. What is the area of your desk?

6. How much does your bag weight?

7. How much did you weight when you were born?

8. How far is it from Kazan to Moscow?

SECTION B

What are the following things? What have the words got in common?

Biro Braille guillotine Hoover Jacuzzi Levis Stetson

Put the following words (standard international units) into the correct column.



amp Celsius curie hertz joule kelvin newton ohm pascal volt watt
Chemistry (1 word) Electricity (6 words) Physics (2 words) Temperature (2 words)  
 

 

Now complete the definitions (1-11) below with the units from exercise 2 and the people from the box.

Andrè Marie Ampère (1775-1836) Anders Celsius (1701-1744) Marie Curie (1867-1934) Heinrich Hertz (1857-1894) James Prescott Joule (1818-1889) Lord Kelvin (1824-1907) Georg Simon Ohm (1787-1854) Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727) Count Alessandro Volta (1745-1827) James Watt (1736-1819)

 

1. A __________ is a unit of pressure equal to one Newton per square metre. It’s named after __________ , a French scientist.
2. A __________ is a unit of force. It’s named after __________ , an English mathematician.
3. __________ is the temperature scale that has the freezing point of water as 0°C and the boiling point as 100°C. The scale was developed by a Swedish astronomer, __________ .
4. A __________ is an amount of electric power. It is equal to one joule per second. It’s named after __________ , a Scottish engineer and inventor.
5. A __________ is a unit of electric force. It’s named after __________ , an Italian physicist and pioneer in the study of electricity.
6. An __________ is a unit of electric current. It’s named after __________ , a French mathematician and physicist, a pioneer in electrodynamics.
7. An __________ is a unit of electrical resistance named after __________ , a German physicist.
8. A __________ is a unit of energy named after __________ , a British physicist.
9. __________ is the temperature scale that registers absolute zero (-273.15C) as 0°K. It’s named after __________, a British scientist.
10. A __________ is a frequency equal to one cycle per second. It’s named after __________ , a German physicist.
11. A __________ is a unit of radioactivity. It’s named after __________ , a Polish-born chemist who discovered radioactivity in several elements.

 

4. Read the sentences from exercise 3 again and find the words that mean:

 

1. A person who studies the elements and their compounds.
2. A person who studies the universe.
3. A person who studies the physical properties of materials.
4. A person who thinks of new machines.
5. A person who develops new ideas about a subject.

 

Check the knowledge of active vocabulary from this module with the help of

“ACTIVE VOCABULARY” section.

 

JOB APPLICATION AND CV

(the material of the module is taken from: “Engineering” Workshop by Lindsey White, OUP;

Unit 23, pg.26; Unit 24; pg.27)

SECTION A





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