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Vocabulary and Grammar. Task 9. Look up the words in a dictionary and use them in the sentences





Task 9. Look up the words in a dictionary and use them in the sentences.

 

Healthy _______________

Healthful _______________

I feel ______________since I stopped smoking.

He spends much time in the countryside because of _____________air.

 

Human _______________

Humane _______________

humanitarian _______________

We support the campaign for the ______________treatment of animals.

The United Nations has sent ______________aid to help the refugees.

The accident was caused by _____________ error.

 

Valid _______________

invalid _______________

Without the stamp on it, the certificate will be _____________.

Your return ticket is _____________ for 3 months.

 

Date _______________

data _______________

It’s possible to store a lot more _____________ on that CD.

You should apply for permission at least 8 weeks before the ____________

of departure.

Task 10.a)Use the adjectives and adverbs from the box to complete the text.

adjectives adverbs
harmful x 2 detailed fast-growing personal x 2 unknown positively initially diligently commonly subsequently

 

U.S. CBP agriculture specialists discovered __________ seeds in the __________ belongings of a Canadian citizen who arrived in the United States to visit his family in Philadelphia.

The traveler claimed that he was carrying some dried citrus peels for _________ consumption. During a __________ examination, agriculture specialists discovered seeds of an __________ species. The seeds were sent to the Agriculture laboratory for identification. A final report __________ identified the seeds as Imperata cylindrica, __________ known as Cogon Grass. Cogon Grass is a __________ Asian weed that was __________ introduced to America as a packing material. Cogon Grass has been ranked among one of the “10 worst weeds of the world”. It has been known to kill pine seedlings and to replace other vegetation.

The citrus seeds were __________ destroyed by CBP.

CBP officers and agriculture specialists work __________ to safeguard American agriculture by preventing introduction of __________ plant pests, and foreign animal diseases from entering the country.

b) Discuss the following:

1. Do you think it is necessary to control the movement of objects of flora and fauna across the borders? Why?

2. Can you remember any cases when introduction of harmful species affected the agriculture or the life of people?

 

 

Task 11. Put the dialogue into Reported speech.

C. o.: May I have a look at your passport?

P.: Here it is.

C.o.: What a nice dog. Is it going with you?

P.: Yes, he is the best companion in the world. He never

complains, never bothers me, never snores at night.

C.o.: I think it is a sheep-dog and he is about three years old.

P.: Yes, you are right.

C.o.: Do you have a vet. сertificate for your dog?

P.: A veterinary certificate?

C.o.: Yes. According to our rules no dog or cat may be allowed entry

without a vet.certificate.

P.: Well, I have always thought that customs people deal mostly with

smugglers and terrorists, not with dogs. It has never occurred to me

that my dog should need any license.

C.o.: Oh, it is understandable. But such are our rules.

P.: Now, what am I to do?

C.o.: Calm down please, madam. Since you say you don’t have a veterinary

certificate, I’ll have to call a vet. He will examine your dog and

vaccinate it against rabies.

 

Task 12. Read and translate the text.



Early in the morning CBP agents were patrolling State Highway 86. Agents observed a vehicle driving at a high rate of speed with its lights out. They attempted to stop the vehicle and used a Controlled Tire Deflation Device.

Even with flat tires, the vehicle continued to flee. It was found a short time later abandoned in the desert.

Agents discovered 118 bundles of marijuana inside the vehicle. Experts estimated the value of the drugs $1,6 million. The vehicle is being processed for seizure by Border Patrol.

 

b) Make up 10 questions of all types;

c) Give the gist of the story.

 

Task 13.a)Change the following verbs to nouns by adding one of the given suffixes and fill in the table.


to clear

to pay

to enforce

to divide

to prohibit

to perform

to require

to connect

to accept

to accomplish

to decide

to assess

to restrict

to allow

to permit


 


-ment -ance -tion -sion
       

 

b) Make five sentences with the formed nouns.

Task 14.Translate the sentences using modal verbs.

 

1. Товар, должно быть, повредили при разгрузке.

2. Не может быть, чтобы он был контрабандистом.

3. Таможеннику не пришлось вызывать владельца груза: капитан смог ответить на все вопросы.

4. Боюсь, вы не можете провезти эту сумку как ручную кладь. Вам придется ее сдать.

5. – Должен ли я декларировать личные вещи?

– Нет, не нужно.

6. Нельзя нарушать таможенные правила. Вы можете быть оштрафованы или привлечены к уголовной ответственности.

7. Вам не следует спорить с таможенником. Вы обязаны заплатить пошлину.

8. Ей пришлось изучить много документов, прежде чем она смогла начать работать декларантом.

9. Я не смогла взять с собой собаку, так как ветеринарный сертификат был недействителен.

Task 15.Find 20 words from Units 8 and 9.

O R I G I N A L L A H B
W I L D C A N T I Q U E
N D R E G I S T E R M X
E A R C H I V E T A A O
R E F A C C U S E I N T
S Q U A R A N T I N E I
H G S P E C I E S H I C
I V A C C I N A T I O N
P U P P E T J L K S R E
L H E R I T A G E S D W
C O I N P R O O F U E M
C R E A T E R A R E R N

Task 16. Make a written translation of the text and think about the title for it.

Customs agents in Russia’s Far East have confiscated wild animal skins that a businessman was attempting to smuggle into China. A semi-truck crossing the border from Russia had 6.7 tons of furs hidden inside rolls of paper for recycling. Among the furs there were more than 4 tons of muskrat, as well as mink, sable, and Siberian mountain weasel.

An investigation of the smuggled goods is currently under way to determine their overall number and cost.

The smuggling of animal parts, especially bear paws, from Russia into China has become a common business. Bear paws are considered an exotic dish in China and thousands are estimated to be smuggled into the country from Siberia annually. Frogs, tiger bones, deer musk and genitals from the spotted deer are also smuggled across the border mostly for Chinese medical purposes.

 

Task 17. Make a written translation of the text into English.





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