Мегаобучалка Главная | О нас | Обратная связь  


MA – Master of Arts (postgraduate)




Поможем в ✍️ написании учебной работы
Поможем с курсовой, контрольной, дипломной, рефератом, отчетом по практике, научно-исследовательской и любой другой работой

MS or MSc – Master of Science

MScIT – Master of Science in Information Technology

MAS – Master of Advanced Studies

MEcon – Master of Economics

MFin – Master of Finance

MPA – Master of Public Administration

MDS – Master of Development studies

M.Eng – Master of Engineering

M.Des – Master of Design

MEnt – Master of Enterprise

M.Phil. – Master of Philosophy

M.St. – Master of Studies

M – Academic degree

Research Doctoral degrees:

Sc.D., D.Sc., S.D. or Dr.Sc – Doctor of Science

Ph.D. – Doctor of Philosophy

D.A. – Doctor of Arts

DPS – Doctor of Professional Studies

DIT – Doctor of Information Technology

DProf (UK) – Doctor of Professional Studies

Psy.D. – Doctor of Psychology

EngD – Doctor of Engineering

DBA – Doctor of Business Administration

DM – Doctor of Management

 

 


APPENDIX 2

Countries and organisations participating in Bolonga Process

Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, CroatiaCyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom.

(See http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/hogeronderwijs/bologna/pcao/index.htm)

 

APPENDIX 3

Phrases for Presentations

Section of presentation Signpost language
Introducing the topic The subject/topic of my talk is ... I'm going to talk about ... My topic today is… My talk is concerned with ...
Overview (outline of presentation) I’m going to divide this talk into four parts. There are a number of points I'd like to make. Basically/ Briefly, I have three things to say. I'd like to begin/start by ... Let's begin/start by ... First of all, I'll... … and then I’ll go on to … Then/ Next ... Finally/ Lastly ...
Finishing a section That's all I have to say about... We've looked at... So much for...
Starting a new section Moving on now to … Turning to... Let’s turn now to … The next issue/topic/area I’d like to focus on … I’d like to expand/elaborate on … Now we'll move on to... I'd like now to discuss... Let's look now at...
Analysing a point and giving recommendations Where does that lead us? Let's consider this in more detail... What does this mean for...? Translated into real terms... Why is this important? The significance of this is...
Giving examples For example,... A good example of this is... As an illustration,... To give you an example,... To illustrate this point...
Summarising and concluding To sum up ... To summarise... Right, let's sum up, shall we? Let's summarise briefly what we've looked at... If I can just sum up the main points... Finally, let me remind you of some of the issues we've covered... To conclude... In conclusion ... In short ... So, to remind you of what I’ve covered in this talk,. Unfortunately, I seem to have run out of time, so I’ll conclude very briefly by saying that ….. I'd like now to recap...
Paraphrasing and clarifying Simply put... In other words....... So what I’m saying is.... To put it more simply.... To put it another way....
Invitation to discuss / ask questions I’m happy to answer any queries/ questions. Does anyone have any questions or comments? Please feel free to ask questions. If you would like me to elaborate on any point, please ask. Would you like to ask any questions? Any questions?

Appendix 4



Phrases for Annotations

1. The article (paper, book, etc.) deals with… 1. Эта статья (работа, книга и т.д.) касается…
2. As the title implies the article describes… 2. Согласно названию, в статье описывается…
3. It is specially noted… 3. Особенно отмечается…
4. A mention should be made… 4. Упоминается…
5. It is spoken in detail… 5. Подробно описывается…
6. …are noted 6. Упоминаются…
7. It is reported… 7. Сообщается…
8. The text gives a valuable information on… 8. Текст дает ценную информацию…
9. Much attention is given to… 9. Большое внимание уделяется…
10. The article is of great help to … 10. Эта статья окажет большую помощь…
11. The article is of interest to… 11. Эта статья представляет интерес для…
12. It (the article) gives a detailed analysis of … 12. Она (статья) дает детальный анализ…
13. It draws our attention to… 13.Она (статья, работа) привлекает наше внимание к…
14. The difference between the terms…and…should be stressed 14.Следует подчеркнуть различие между терминами …и…
15.It should be stressed (emphasized) that… 15. Следует подчеркнуть, что…
16. …is proposed 16. Предлагается…
17. …are examined 17.Проверяются(рассматриваются)
18. …are discussed 18. Обсуждаются…
19. An option permits… 19. Выбор позволяет…
20. The method proposed … etc. 20. Предлагаемый метод… и т.д.

Appendix 5

Phrases for Abstracts

Study background and significance: Introductory sentences
Ø This study (dissertation, research)...   · aims to illuminate... · examines the role of... · explores why... · investigates the effects of... · assesses the impact of [insert text] on... · developed and tested the idea that...
Ø I... · investigated the role of... · outline how... · introduce the concept of... · extend prior work on... · examine the relationship between [insert text] and... · identify... · evaluate these [insert text] by...
Ø In this study (dissertation, research) I... · propose a model of...
Leading with research questions
Ø This study (dissertation, research)... · is motivated by two research questions: (1) [Insert research question one]? (2) [Insert research question two]? To examine these questions, the study... · “[Insert a research question]?” is a fundamental question in [the name of your area of interest]. We suggest [argue] that a new generation of research in this area needs to address the extended question: [Insert your research question]?
Leading with research hypotheses
Ø This study (dissertation, research)...     · offers two hypotheses: (1) [insert research hypothesis one]; and (2) [insert research hypothesis two]. · tested hypotheses regarding the relationship between [insert text] and...
Ø It was…   · hypothesized that [insert variable] is negatively [positively] related to... · hypothesized that [insert variable] is more negatively [positively] related to [insert variable] than [insert variable].
Leading with a dissertation aim or goals
Ø This study (dissertation, research)...   · has three goals: (1) [insert goal one], (2) [insert goal two], and (3) [insert goal three]
Literature component
Ø Previous research (extent research, previous studies, or prior studies)… · indicates that... · offers a descriptive account of... · has shown that...
Ø Literature on [insert area of the literature] has focused almost exclusively on...  
Ø Synthesizing [e.g. name of theories], this research built and tested a theoretical model linking...  
Ø This model addresses X (e.g. 2) major gaps in the literature.  
Ø Drawing on [insert name] research, we argue that...  
Significance of the study
Ø We develop theory to explain how... Ø Our most important contribution is... Ø This study advances our understanding of... Ø To date, no systematic investigation has considered... Ø We examine how organisations use [insert text] to overcome...  
Methodological components
Ø We conducted... · in-depth case studies of [X number of private/public] enterprises in [country] · a laboratory experiment and a field study to test our hypotheses · an inductive study of...
Ø We employed... · multiple methods to test...
Ø Using... · a sample of [X number of people, firms, data, objects, e.g. doctors, banks, songs], we collected data from three sources [e.g. X, Y and Z]. · comparative case analysis, this research explored the role of...  
Ø To illustrate these ideas, [insert company name or type] was used as a case study to show how... Ø We tested these hypotheses using [e.g. student test score] data to measure [e.g. teacher performance] Ø We developed a 9-item scale to measure... Ø Using data from...  
Results
Ø The findings from the research... · illustrate how... · show that the impact of [insert text] on [insert text] is more complex than previously thought/assumed. · address a controversial belief among practitioners that... · illustrate the antecedents and consequences of [insert text] and [insert text] in... · suggest that the effect of [variable X] on [variable Y] was moderated over time when...
Ø A predicted, the... Ø Contrary to our expectations...  
Conclusions
Ø The results, implications for managers, and future research are discussed. Ø Theoretical contributions and managerial implications of the findings are discussed.  
Ø The findings... · provide support for the key arguments. · support the prediction that... · support the model: · offer insights into... · prompt a re-thinking of [insert your area of interest
Ø We conclude that...

 

 


BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. Антонова Е.А., Славина Г.И. Английский язык. Аннотирование и реферирование. – М., 1991. – 157 с.

2. Минакова Т.В. Английский язык для аспирантов и соискателей.

- Оренбург: ГОУ ОГУ, 205. – 103с.

3. Смирнова Л.Н. Курс английского языка для научных работников. – Ленинград: Наука, 1990. – 340 с.

4. BBC Learning English – http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/business

5. Call for papers - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Call_for_papers

6. Dave Hone’s Archosaur Musings/How to write a conference abstract –http://archosaurmusings.wordpress.com/2009/02/18/how-to-write-a-scientific-conference-abstract/

7. DEFCON 14 Call for Papers Form – www.defcon.org/html/defcon-14/dc-14-cfp-form.html

8. How to get the most out of scientific conferences – chronicle.com/article/How-to-Get-the-Most-Out-of-/46399/

9. Presentation Tips for Scientific Conferences – www.mobio.com/blog/.../presentation-tips-for-scientific-conferences/

10. Tomorrow’s professor mailing list – http://www.stanford.edu/dept/CTL/Tomprof/reis.html

11. Visionlearning/ Scientific Communication: The How and Why of Scientific Meetings – http://www.visionlearning.com/library/module_viewer.php?mid=186&l

 

 


 

 

Екатерина Накиевна Абдразакова

Ольга Эдуардовна Сухарева

 

 

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК.

Учебно-методическое пособие

для аспирантов и соискателей

всех направлений

Института математики, естественных наук и
информационных технологий

 

 

Подписано в печать _________г. Тираж _________экз.

Объем________п.л. Формат 60×84/16 Заказ №_______

Издательство Тюменского государственного университета

625003, г.Тюмень, Семакова, 10

 




Читайте также:
Личность ребенка как объект и субъект в образовательной технологии: В настоящее время в России идет становление новой системы образования, ориентированного на вхождение...
Модели организации как закрытой, открытой, частично открытой системы: Закрытая система имеет жесткие фиксированные границы, ее действия относительно независимы...
Как построить свою речь (словесное оформление): При подготовке публичного выступления перед оратором возникает вопрос, как лучше словесно оформить свою...
Почему люди поддаются рекламе?: Только не надо искать ответы в качестве или количестве рекламы...



©2015-2020 megaobuchalka.ru Все материалы представленные на сайте исключительно с целью ознакомления читателями и не преследуют коммерческих целей или нарушение авторских прав. (646)

Почему 1285321 студент выбрали МегаОбучалку...

Система поиска информации

Мобильная версия сайта

Удобная навигация

Нет шокирующей рекламы



(0.019 сек.)
Поможем в написании
> Курсовые, контрольные, дипломные и другие работы со скидкой до 25%
3 569 лучших специалисов, готовы оказать помощь 24/7