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Xenophobia, Racisms, Discrimination, Genocide, Chauvinism, Prejudice

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  1. . Define whether the following sentences are true or false. Mark each statement as T(True) or F (or False). If false, make corrections.
  T F
1) Xenophobia refers to the fear and/or hatred towards foreigners or people with different nationalities, culture, ethnicity, or background.    
2) Xenophobia always involve hatred.    
3) Racism always means some form of anger or hatred towards people of different nationalities    
4) Xenophobia may manifestitself as a feeling of fear or unease and anxiety towards “foreign” or “strange” people.    
5) The fear involved in xenophobia may come from only one aspect.    
6) Some people experience ill-feelings toward other cultures and nationalities because of a fear in losingtheirpersonal dignity.    
7) Most of the people also are extremely suspicious of other people’s activities and personalities that they resort to either “withdrawal” from the unpleasant situation or “aggression” towards the foreign people involved.    
8) Few people have an extremist type of feeling that his/her culture or background which is superior over the others with accompanying prejudiceto other groups of people as inferior.    
9) Xenophobia is irrational    
10) Xenophobia can also be exhibited in the form of an "uncritical exaltation of another culture" in which a culture is ascribed "an unreal, stereotyped and exotic quality". 11) A xenophobic person has to genuinely think or believe at some level that the target is in fact a foreigner.    
12) Racism is based on xenophobia.    
13) Xenophobia can be directed simply to anyone outside a culture, not necessarily one particular race or people.    
14) Xenophobia can be expressed in two forms: social and cultural.    
15) Chauvinism is a strong belief in God.    
16) Chauvinism is an exaggerated belief in national superiority and glory.    
17) Chauvinism is an almost natural product of the national concept of the old idea of the "national mission”.    
18) Male chauvinism is a term used to describe the belief that one nation is superior to another.    
19) Male chauvinism refers to the maintenance of fixed beliefs and attitudes of male superiority, associated with overt or covert depreciation of women.    
20) Racismin Russia appears mainly in the form of negative attitudes and actions by some Russians towards people who are not considered ethnically Russian.    

Pair work.Ask your partner about his attitude towards foreigners (English speakers, for example).Does he or she fear any of them? Explain why yes or no. Does he or she know about the definition of the word, meaning “ irrational fear of foreigners”? What is hia personal idea of this phenomenon? Share your ideas with the class.


Grammar Practice

State verbs. There are certain groups of verbs that are usually only used in the Present Simple. This is because their meanings are related to states or conditions which are facts and not activities. This is a feature of the use of the Present Simple. The groups of verbs are:

Verbs of thinking and opinions


Imagine, realize, deserve, prefer

I believe you.

Do you understand?

I know his face, but forget his name.

Verbs of emotions and feeling

Like, love, hate, care, hope, wish, want, admit

I like coffee.

Do you want to go out?

I don’t care.

Verbs of having and being.

Belong, own, have, possess, contain, cost, seem, appear, need, depend on, weigh, come from, resemble

The book belongs to Jane.

How much does it cost?

He has a lot of money.

Verbs of the senses

Look, hear, taste, smell, feel

The food smells good.

When the subject is a person, we often use can.

Can you see that house?

Can you smell something burning?

I can hear someone crying.


Some of these verbs can be used in Present Continuous, but with a change of meaning. In the Continuous the verb expresses an activity, not a state.

I think you are right.(opinion)

We are thinking of going to the cinema. (mental activity)

He has a lot of money. (possession)

He is having a bath. (activity)

I see what you mean. (understand)

Are you seeing Nigel tomorrow? (activity)

The soup tastes awful. (state)

I am tasting the soup. (activity)

  1. Complete the following pairs of sentences using the verb in italics. Use the Present Simple for one and the Present Continuous for the other.


  1. Alec and Mary are Scottish. The … from Glasgow.
  2. The will be here very soon. They…by car.


  1. Liza can’t answer the phone. She … a bath.
  2. She … two pair of jeans.


  1. I … that all politicians tell lies.
  2. I … about my girlfriend. She is in New York now.

Not enjoy

  1. We … this party at all. The music is too loud.
  2. We … going to the parties.


  1. Be quiet! I … my favorite program.
  2. I always … on Thursday evening.


  1. John is not at home. He … a doctor about his sore throat.
  2. I … the problem, but I can’t help you.


  1. Mmmmmm! Dinner … good. What is it?
  2. Why … you…those roses? They are plastic.


  1. The room …usually …for big meetings. But today … for a party.
  2. Make up your own 10 sentences with the state verb, paying special attention to the use of Present Simple as well as Present Continuous.

Group Work

1. Make up a picture of statistical person of Russia. Try to formulate “What is to be a“Russian citizen”? Prepare a spidergram. Introduce it to the group and justify all your points. The phrases in the box will help you to give your personal opinion:

In my view, I think, I consider, I am absolutely sure that,to my mind, I strongly believe that…, I feel that, in my opinion etc.


2 . Using expressions below write a small essay on the following topic “Meeting a stranger I try my best to be tolerant and polite…..”:

(to be acquainted with, to be friendly with, to get on with, to be interested in, to be proud of, to be polite to, to talk to, to talk with someone about something, to admire for something, to be involved in, to be responsible for, to be open and polite).

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