Мегаобучалка Главная | О нас | Обратная связь  


I. Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите их на русский язык,определите в каждом из них видо-временную форму и залог глагола сказуемого




1. Needles made of iron were discovered in the ruins of ancient Egypt and Rome.

2.When we arrived to the laboratory they were testing that device.

3.Petroleum products have come from one source – crude oil.

4.The investigators have been trying to finish this test.

 

II. Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите их на русский язык,обращая внимание на различные значения слов it, that, one.

1. This computer is too expensive, show us another one.

2. It would be impossible to develop new structural materials without new investigation method.

3. He found that the brakes were out of order.

III. Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите их на русский язык,помня о разных значениях глаголов to be, to have, to do.

1. Students are provided with all necessary teaching materials .

2. The science of materials strength had to cover a long and difficult path.

3. What kind of methods did they suggest?

4. The scientists do contribute to solve many purely industrial problems.

IV. Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на бессоюзные подчинения.

1. The test showed the material withstood tremendous stresses without destruction.

2. The properties of all ferrous alloys depend on the percentage of carbon they contain.

 

V. Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите их на русский язык, обратите внимание на то, что в них просьба(побуждение)выражена с помощью глагола to let.

1. Let the block be installed as soon as possible.

2. Let us leave for Irkutsk tomorrow evening.

VI. Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите их на русский язык,обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива, герундия и причастия в предложениях.



1. Having completed the experiment they decided to analyze the results.

2. The firm is interested in exporting its products.

3. There are many people who like to collect antique cars throughout the world.

 

VII. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 абзацы текста.

 

James Watt

1. James Watt was born in Greenock, Scotland, and was taught at home, later he went to Qreenock Grammar School.

2. His technical expertise1 seems to have been obtained from working in his father's workshop and from early in life he showed academic promise. His early formal training was as an instrument maker in London and Glasgow.

3. Watt combined the expertise of a scientist with that of a practical engineer, for later he was not only to improve the heat engine but also to devise new mechanisms.

4. In the development of the steam engine James Watt represents the perfecting of a sequence of stages begin­ning with the Newcomen engine and ending with the parallel motion and sun/planet gearing2. The latter is said to have been invented by W. Murdock but patented by Watt.

5. In the scientific field Watt's finest memorial, apart from steam engines, is his establishment of the unit of power — the rate of doing work. He coined the term3 horsepower (hp); one horse being defined as equivalent to 33,000 ftlb/min4.

6. Watt was interested in the strength of materials and designed a screw press for chemically copying written material. A leading brand of reprographic equipment today is remarkably similar. Watt received many honors in recognition of his important works. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society of London and Edinburg, and was a member of the Academy of Sciences in France.

7. James Watt died in1819 in Heathfield, after a life of incomparable technical value. Later, a statue to Watt was placed in Westminster Abbey.

Пояснения к тексту

Expertise – мастерство

2. parallel motion and sun / planet gearing - параллелограммный механизм и планетарная передача.

3. to coin the term – ввести термин

4. ft lb. / min – футо–фунтов в минуту

 

VIII. Прочитайте 6, 7 абзацы текста, ответьте на вопрос:

1. What invention of J. Watt is still used in the reprographic equipment today?

 


Контрольное задание 3

Вариант 4

I. Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите их на русский язык, определите в каждом из них видовременную форму и залог глагола - сказуемого.

1. The aborigines taught the early settlers to hunt wild animals.

2. This technology has already been applied to the production of several tools.

3. Many other applications are under investigation in laboratories.

4. The ecologists are trying to preserve our evironment for futture generation.

II. Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на различные значения слов it,that,one.

1. One should be very careful working with the sharp instruments.

2. I’m afraid that the prices will increase sharply.

3. This is the model of the first automobile. It was propelled by steam.

III. Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите их на русский язык,помня о разных значениях глаголов to be,to have,to do.

1. One engineer doesn’t deal with every phase of development of a complex mechanism.

2. Nowadays any investigator does work having access to the scientific information.

3. The experts are to take into account the results of the test.

4. The graduates have an optimal combination of theoretical knowledge and practical skill.

 




Читайте также:
Как вы ведете себя при стрессе?: Вы можете самостоятельно управлять стрессом! Каждый из нас имеет право и возможность уменьшить его воздействие на нас...
Почему человек чувствует себя несчастным?: Для начала определим, что такое несчастье. Несчастьем мы будем считать психологическое состояние...
Генезис конфликтологии как науки в древней Греции: Для уяснения предыстории конфликтологии существенное значение имеет обращение к античной...



©2015-2020 megaobuchalka.ru Все материалы представленные на сайте исключительно с целью ознакомления читателями и не преследуют коммерческих целей или нарушение авторских прав. (1008)

Почему 1285321 студент выбрали МегаОбучалку...

Система поиска информации

Мобильная версия сайта

Удобная навигация

Нет шокирующей рекламы



(0.01 сек.)