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Unit 14 The Infinitive

Exercise 179

Ig, 21,3j, 4i, 5k, 6h, 7a, 8e, 9f, lOb, lid, 12c

Exercise 180

1) to be invited; 2) to be interrupted; 3) to see; 4) to be met; 5) to be told, listen; 6) to interrupt; 7) to be sent; 8) to ask; 9) to be asked; 10) to be joked at; 11) to laugh; 12) be seen, see

Exercise 181

A 1, A mink coat is expensive to buy. 2. A good dinner in our canteen is impossible to get. 3. The engine was difficult to start in such cold weather» 4. This ladder is dangerous to stand on, 5. Stubborn people are rather difficult to deal with, 6, A car is dangerous to drive in big cities. 7. New people are interesting to meet, 8. People are simple to communicate with due to Internet. 9. Their quarrel was unpleasant to watch. 10. He is always funny to listen to.

В 1. He is the only one among us to give up smoking. 2.1 was the next to speak on the topic. 3. He was the first to raise this question. 4, She was the second to get an excellent mark. 5. Paul was the last to greet me. 6. She is the first to be fired. 7. He was the only one to jump with a parachute. 8.1 am the next to be interviewed. 9. He was the only one to speak Japanese. 10.1 was the first to notice the mistake. 11. His horse was the last to come in the race. 12. She was the first among us to recognize them,

С 1. Here is a simple English book for you to read. 2. The first thing for them to do when they arrive is to phone home. 3. This is a problem for you to solve by yourself. 4. There is nothing for us to add. 5. These are children for you to play with. 6. It is not a question for you to laugh at. 7. There is nothing for us to do now. 8. These are nice flowers for you to buy. 9. It was a little town for them to live a quiet life, 10. It is quite natural fcr them to get married.

Exercise 182

1. It was silly of him to buy a car. 2. It was mean of her to betray all her friends. 3, It was kind of them to help me with the work. 4. It was unfair of the manager to cut down his salary. 5. It was sensible of him to sell his house. 6. It was careless or you to trust her.

Exercise 183

1.1 need advice. I have been offered a new job but I really don't know whether to accept it or not. 2. Do you know what to do/where to phone if the robbers burst into the bank? 3. Can you tell me where to phone/what to do if there is a fire? 4.1 don't know how to switch on the computer. Will this button do? 5. The countries are very interesting and I haven't chosen yet where to go. 6. The TV set is good but I haven't decided yet whether to buy it or not. 7. Why have you stopped? Have you forgotten where to go? 8. Have you understood how to use this device? 9. The problem is serious. I don't know how to act in this situation. 10.1 wonder whether to take a suitcase. The trip will take only two days.

Exercise 184

1) listen, see, to watch, take, go; 2) sit; 3) to fly, (to) go; 4) not go; 5) take; 6) to put on; 7) not wear; 8) walk, go; 9) buy; 10) to go

Exercise 185

1. I'd rather stay at home than go out. 2. He prefers to solve a problem immediately rather than postpone it. 3. I'd prefer to buy it tonight rather than go shopping early in the morning. 4„ They'd prefer to go to the restaurant rather than cook dinner at home. 5. I'd rather die than betray my friends. 6. She prefers to go to the country rather than stay in town. 7. I'd rather go to the movies than watch the VCR. 8. We'd prefer to read a book rather than see a screened version. 9. She prefers to drink a cup of juice rather than have a substantial breakfast. 10. I'd rather go to the museum than stay at home,

Exercise 186

1. I'd rather he went on holiday in March. 2. Would you rather I cooked the supper? 3. I'd rather they went with us. 4. Would you rather he played the leading part?

5. I'd rather she bought a new TV instead of a freezer.

6. Would you rather I did not know anything? 7. I'd rather you asked me a straight question. 8. Would you rather he made a new attempt? 9. I'd rather she entered the university. 10. Would you rather she did .not interfere?

Exercise 187

1. It's high time for us to say goodbye to everybody. 2. It's time for the child to go to bed. 3. It's time for her to put up with his behavior. 4. It's high time for them to develop a new model. 5. It's about time for us to leave the house. 6. It's high time for him to speak English fluently.

7. It's time for her to choose a profession. 8. It's high time for us to buy a new TV set. 9. It's high time for him to ring me up. 10. It's time for him to temper justice with mercy.

Exercise 188

1, It is time she made a decision. 2. It is high time her cousin found a job. 3. It is high time we put up with it. 4. It is time you got married. 5. It is high time I handed in the composition. 6. It is about time the chairman made a break. 7. It is high time Granny had a nap. 8. It is high time Pete took his mother from the hospital. 9. It is high time the government changed their policy. 10. It's high time the local authorities pulled down this house.

Exercise 189

Correct sentences: 3, 6

1. I'd prefer to speak to you in private rather than phone you. 2. There is a reporter to interview you. 4. You had better help her carry these suitcases. 5. It was very generous of them to give us such a present. 7.1 would rather go without him. 8. She is/was the first to finish the hometask. 9.1 don't like to listen to him. 10.1 am not sure where to go now. 11. Such books are interesting to read. 12.1 am the next to be fired.

Exercise 190

1. She was too small to remember the incident. 2. He is the person to speak to on this question. 3. It is important for him to receive the information today. 4. Here is the money to spend on the furniture. 5. They are very pleased to be invited to the conference. 6. You will be the first to speak. 7. This mistake must be paid particular attention to. 8. You'd better stay at home. 9. It's great of him to do his best to save them. 10. He did not know what to do next and who to make the request to. 11. He was the last to guess her intentions. 12. I'd rather go there by train than fly (by plane). I'd prefer to go there by train rather than fly (by plane). 13. It's quite dark already, it's high time to turn on the light. 14. It's time he saw a doctor. It's time for him to see a doctor. 15.1 prefer to have a holiday somewhere by the sea rather than stay in the country.

The Complex Object

Exercise 191

1. Do you want them to stay at the hotel or with us? 2. I'd like the professor to look through my report. 3. Do you want me to show you the sights of the city? 4, We expect him to arrange everything by the time we come. 5.1 want her to tell me the news in brief. 6. He expected the meeting to be held in the Red Room. 7.1 would like them to fix an appointment for me for Tuesday. 8. We want her to introduce us to the president. 9,1 don't want them to be late for dinner. 10. He expected her to be invited to the party by the Smiths. 11. I'd like the dress to be bought by Saturday. 12.1 don't want her to be treated like Alice. 13. We considered him to be an honest person. 14.1 don't like her to prevent me from doing it. 15.1 suspect him to be helped by her.

Exercise 192

1. They did not notice us pass by. 2. He heard her playing the piano. 3. He saw her burst into tears. 4.1 felt her hand shaking. 5. He hasn't heard us call his name. 6. They haven't seen the accident occur at the corner. 7.1 heard them arguing. 8. She heard the footsteps dying away. 9. She felt something crawling around her neck. 10. We many times heard him tell this story. 11. She noticed the expression of his face change suddenly. 12.1 heard somebody mention my name. 13.1 felt something hard hurt my leg.

Exercise 193

1.1 did not expect her to forget about my birthday. 2. She saw the children playing in the park. 3. Do you know him to go abroad two days ago? 4.1 like to watch her dance. 5. She could hardly believe him to be rescued. 6. He expects everybody to be ready to do this work. 7.1 don't like the children to be late for dinner. 8. Don't consider him to be a hero. He is an ordinary man. 9. I've heard him arguing with his father. 10.1 suspect him to take my money. 11. She likes to watch the sun set. 12.1 hate people to shout at each other. 13. They suppose him to cope with this work. 14. I've heard her crying. 15. We expect him to solve this problem soon.

Exercise 194

1. Where is Nick? — I saw him talking to Kate a few minutes ago. 2. Parents always want their children to be the best. 3.1 wouldn't like such valuable presents to be given to me. 4.1 noticed him write something and pass it to Alice. 5. We suppose them to apologize to us. 6. She watched the stars sparkling in the dark sky. 7.1 did not expect him to behave in such a way. 8. We don't want our planet to be polluted. 9.1 heard him working in his study at night. 10. They expected him to buy a more expensive car.

Exercise 195

Ib, 2a, 3b, 4c, 5b, 6a, 7a, 8b, 9a, lOb

Exercise 196 '

1.1 did not expect the policeman to be such an impolite person. 2. We'd like you to deliver goods by the end of June. 3.1 expected her to be invited there. 4. They did not expect him to be asked about it. 5.1 heard his name be mentioned several times at the meeting. 6. He did not notice us come up to him. 7. Have you seen them laughing at something? 8. We did not expect it to be announced on the radio. 9. I'd like her to tell us what she is going to do tonight. 10.1 think you'll hear today her singing. 11,. When he heard his son crying he got up and went to the nursery. 12. I'd like nobody to take my things.

The Complex Subject

Exercise 197

1. He is considered to be a good musician. 2. They are thought to have gone away some days ago. 3. James is expected to make a report next Wednesday. 4. Steve is known to have helped them to solve a problem when they were in trouble. 5. Mozart is known to have composed a lot of wonderful pieces of music. 6. The film is considered to be the worst of the year. 7. She is supposed to be working in the laboratory from 2 to 6 p. m. tomorrow. 8. They are known to have made a new discovery a month ago. 9. He is expected to manage the business himself. 10. He is said to be at the customs office now. 11. The delegation is reported to be leaving Prague tonight at lla.m. 12. They are known to have lived in Egypt for a long time. 13. He is believed to be working at an urgent problem now.

Exercise 198

1. They are likely to have a good time in the bar tonight. 2. He is sure to win this match. 3. The plane is unlikely to reach the place of destination on time. 4. You are likely to miss the train unless you hurry. 5. She is unlikely to go by plane. 6. He is unlikely to be invited to the conference. 7. They are sure to get married soon.

8. They are unlikely to follow my recommendations.

9. They are likely to go on a world tour. 10. This picture is sure to be the best at the exhibition.

Exercise 199

A 1. No, she doesn't seem to be happy. 2. No, she appears to have lost it. 3. No, he seems to be waiting for us. 4. Yes, but she seems to have put on weight. 5. He appears to know her well. 6.1 seem to know this type very well. 7. No, he seems to have changed his job. 8. No, she seems to have returned two months ago and now to be working at her new book. 9. Look, this man seems to be overhearing us. 10. The president appears to have left his country residence and to be returning to the capital.

В 1. I'll visit Trafalgar Square if I happen to be in London. 2. If anybody happens to know him, call the police. 3. If you happen to see Kate, ask her to phone me. 4. Do you happen to know how to get to the Tower? 5. He'll arrange everything if he happens to go on a tour. 6. Does he happen to know with whom Mary has gone to the Canaries? 7. Have you happened to see them leave? 8. Can you happen to change a pound? 9. Has she happened to see where they parked their car? 10. If I happen to meet them, I'll phone the police.

С 1. The interview with the young artist turned out to be rather interesting. 2. The prices at the hotel proved to be reasonable. 3. The conversation with them turned out to be rather unpleasant. 4. The young man turned out to be a smuggler. 5. He proved to be a qualified economist. 6. The student's knowledge of mathematics turned out to be above the average. 7. Yesterday's party turned out to be entertaining. 8. The weather in this part of the country proved to be rainy. 9. The workshop proved to be rather useful for economists, but for managers it turned out to be rather dull. 10.1 bought a book which turned out to be a best-seller. 11. This unpleasant man who found faults with me during the interview turned out to be my manager.

Exercise 200

Ib, 2d, За, 4с, 5b, 6d

Exercise 201

• 1. Steven is sure to win the game. 2, Peter is known to have left for Oslo. 3. The president is supposed to speak at the conference. 4. This play is considered to be the most interesting at the theatre. 5. She seems to be cooking an apple pie. It tastes delicious. 6. Bob is likely to help us. — He is sure to help us. 7. They were believed to have left yesterday. 8. The talks are likely to finish tomorrow. 9. The work is supposed to have been done successfully. 10. This fact is unlikely to be of great importance. 11. This is likely to happen if the wind does not change. 12. The delegates to the conference are said to have come. 13. The committee is known to have been set up several years ago. 14. He is likely to be writing a new book. 15. They are thought to be able to solve the question at once. 16. Jack London is known to have written a lot of good books.

Unit 15

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