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The Past Continuous Tense




Прошедшее длительное время образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в прошедшем времени (was, were) и причастия первого смыслового глагола.
Утвердительная форма Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма
I was working You were working He was working She was working It was working We were working You were working They were working Was I working? Were you working? Was he working? Was she working? Was it working? Were we working? Were you working? Were they working? I was not working You were not working He was not working She was not working It was not working We were not working You were not working They were not working
Прошедшее длительное время употребляется для обозначения:1. развивающегося в определенный момент в прошлом действия. Указание точного момента времени, как правило, отсутствует, оно подразумевается, а иногда обозначается при помощи простого прошедшего времени.2. для обозначения действия, протекающего целый период времени в прошлом. Период действия ясен из контекста. What were you doing in Paris?3. для обозначения привычного действия, как типичной характеристики, выявляющей типичные черты характера человека. Такие предложения эмоционально окрашены и выражают раздражение, неодобрение, похвалу и т.д. Например: He was always talking at the lessons when he studied at school.УПРАЖНЕНИЯExercise 1. Составьте вопросы. Используйте was/were -ing.1. (what / Tim / do / when you saw him?) _________________________ ?2. (what / you/do/at 11 o'clock?) What ___________________________ ?3. (what / she / wear / yesterday?) _______________________________ ?4. (it / rain / when you went out?) _______________________________ ?5. (where / you / live / in 1981?) ________________________________ ?Exercise 2. Скажите, что делал вчера Джо, когда вы его встретили.1. (he / wear / a jacket) ________ .2. (he / smoke / a pipe) ________ .3. (he / carry / a bag) __________ .4. (he / carry / an umbrella) ____ .5. (he / go / to the dentist) _____ .6. (he / wear / a hat) __________ .Exercise 3. Раскройте скобки, используйте прошедшее длительное или простое времена.1. When we ______ (go) out, it ______ (rain). 2. I wasn't hungry last night. I _____ (not/eat) anything. 3. ______ (you/watch) television when I ______ (phone) you? 4. Jane wasn't at home when I went to see her. She ______ (work). 5. I ______ (get) up early this morning. I ______ (wash), ______ (dress) and then I ______ (have) breakfast. 6. The postman ______ (come) while I ______ (have) breakfast. 7. We ______ (meet) Joan at the party. She ______ (wear) a red dress. 8. The boys ______ (break) a window when they ______ (play) football. 9. I was late but my friends ______ (wait) for me when I ______ (arrive). 10. I ______ (get) up at 7 o'clock. The sun ______ (shine), so I ______ (go) for a walk. Exercise 4. Раскройте скобки, используйте прошедшее длительное или простое времена.Образец: While Tom was cooking (cook) the dinner, the phone rang (ring).1. George ______ (fall) off the ladder while he ______ (paint) the ceiling. 2. Last night I ______ (read) in bed when suddenly I ______ (hear) a scream. 3. ______ (you/watch) television when I phoned you? 4. Ann ______ (wait) for me when I ______ (arrive). 5. I ______ (not/drive) very fast when the accident ______ (happen). 6. I ______ (break) a plate last night. I ______ (do) the washing-up when it ______ (slip) out of my hand. 7. Tom ______ (take) a photograph of me while I ______ (not/look). 8. We ______ (not/go) out because it ______. (rain). 9 What ______ (you/do) at this time yesterday? 10. I ______ (see) Carol at the party. She ______ (wear) a really beautiful dress.Exercise 5. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или Past Continuous.1. I (to write) an English exercise now. 2. I (to write) an English exercise at this time yesterday. 3. My little sister (to sleep) now. 4 My little sister (to sleep) at this time yesterday. 5. My friends (not to do) their homework now. They (to play) volley-ball. 6. My friends (not to do) their homework at seven o'clock yesterday. They (to play) volley-ball. 7. You (to eat) ice-cream now? 8. You (to eat) ice-cream when I rang you up yesterday? 9. What your father (to do) now? 10. What your father (to do) from eight till nine yesterday? Exercise 6. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.1. I (to play) computer games yesterday. 2. I (to play) computer games at five o'clock yesterday. 3. He (to play) computer games from two till three yesterday. 4. We (to play) computer games the whole evening yesterday. 5. What Nick (to do) when you came to his place? 6. What you (to do) when I rang you up? 7. I (not to sleep) at nine o'clock yesterday. 8. What he (to do) yesterday? - He (to read) a book. 9. What he (to do) the whole evening yesterday? - He (to read) a book. 10. She (to sleep) when you came home?The Future Continuous TenseБудущее длительное время образуется при помощи shall/will be + причастие первое смыслового глагола.
Утвердительная форма Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма
I shall be working You will be working He will be working She will be working It will be working We shall be working You will be working They will be working Shall I be working? Will you be working? Will he be working? Will she be working? Will it be working? Shall we be working? Will you be working? Will they be working? I shall not be working You will not be working He will not be working She will not be working It will not be working We shall not be working You will not be working They will not be working
Будущее длительное время для обозначения:1. действия в развитии в определенный момент в будущем. Момент времени либо обозначен, либо подразумевается: He will be sleeping.2. для обозначения действия ожидаемого или рассматриваемого как само собой разумеющегося в будущем.УПРАЖНЕНИЯExercise 1. Поставьте глаголы в Future Continuous. Напишите предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах:1. Не (to write) his article the whole day tomorrow. 2. It (to rain) when you go out of the house. 3. We (to discuss) the problem while you (to play) the piano. 4. I (to go) to Moscow at this time tomorrow. 5. I (to watch) TV when my mother (to come).Exercise 2. Откройте скобки и поставьте глагол в нужном времени по смыслу (в Future Indefinite или Future Continuous):1. (to stay) with my family over the week - end. 2. Tomorrow we (to ski) in the forest the whole day. 3. What you (to do) tomorrow at 12 o'clock? 4. I can't go with you. We (to have) an English class from 10 till 11.30. 5. There (to be) a lot of people in the dining - room during the dinner - break. 6. The children (to play) while I go shopping. 7. When you (to come) back? – I think, I (to be) back on Monday. 8. It (to take) you half an hour if you go there by metro. 9. The academic year (to be) over in a month. 10 She (to work) at her project from early morning till late at night tomorrow. 11. We (to wait) for you from 2 till 3 o'clock in the afternoon tomorrow.Exercise 3. Переведите на английский язык.1. Завтра весь вечер я буду делать уроки. 2. Когда он вернется из поездки, мы еще будем гостить у бабушки. 3. К сожалению, Джон будет работать на праздниках. 4. Все лето я буду лежать и загорать. 5. Ты узнаешь ее, она будет одета в яркое платье.




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