Ex. 3 Fill in the blanks with prepositions if necessary
Part 2 Jobs and Employment
Unit 1 Topical Vocabulary and Lexical Exercises
abilities, calling (for), values (moral, artistic), personal strengths,
accomplishments, career goals
appointment (make, keep, break, cancel)
agency, employment agency
advertisement, classified advertisements
employer, employee, prospective employer, clerk
unemployment, part time employment
salary, wages, pay, earnings
bonus, fringe benefits
shift (day, night)
chief, boss, supervisor, manager, director,
subordinate, executive, senior, junior executive
resume (excellent/ poor/ well-written / neat )
position(vacancy), non-skilled position
A job- a piece of work either to be done or completed; employment
a job hunter / job hunting
a fulltime /part time/rewarding job
to apply for a job
to be satisfied/dissatisfied with one’s job
to do the most vital job of all
to quit the job
to be guaranteed a job upon graduation
to be devoted to one’s job
a competitive job market
to change jobs
out of a job
A career - a job or profession a person has been trained for and intends to do for several years
- Should all careers be open to women?
Occupation- an activity in which one is engaged, that occupies one’s time; a person’s relative place, as in society; rank; status.
- Look for an occupation suited to your abilities.
Profession -is an occupation for which special education or training is required, as the profession of an architect.
- Medicine, law, architecture are professions
Trade- a skilled occupation, handicraft
- He is a tailor by trade
Vocation- feeling that one is called to a certain kind of work (social or religious), special aptitude for
- The nursing of the sick is a vocation as well as a profession
Work - what a person does to earn one’s living.
- It is difficult to find work during a depression.
at work / at one’s place of employment
to be in /out of work
Earnings, pay, salary, wages
Earnings- money earned
He has spent all his earnings.
Pay - money paid for regular work or services, is used in the Army, Navy and Air Force instead of wages and salary
Salary- (usually paid monthly) payment for regular employment on a yearly basis
Wages- payment made or received usually weekly for work or services
Work-find, look for, do, get.
A living- make, earn, do for.
A job- take on, offer, do, find, get, look for, have
Job- manual, challenging, skilled, unskilled, bonus (сдельная), shifts.
Wage- living wage (прожиточный), nominal (real), wage scale (шкала з.платы), wage labour (наемный труд), wage cut (снижение з.платы), wage earner ( кормилец).
Ex.1 Fill in the blanks with the following words:
A) Career, job, work, profession, trade, vocation
1 Should … be open to women?
2 It’s hard … for a poor man to keep his wife and children clothed and fed.
3 What time do you get to your … ?
4 He is a lawyer by … .
5 Shoemaking is a useful … .
6 He lost his … .
7 It’s difficult to find … during a depression.
8 Your new Bentley car is a nice … .
9 He has little or no … for teaching … .
10 At college they are taught many useful … .
11 As a speech therapist she feels she has finally found her … .
12 I want to find out more about … in journalism.
13 Please fill in the details of your present … .
14 Fewer young people are entering the legal … nowadays.
15 Women often return to … after they have had children.
16 The boys were sent to a special college where they would all be taught … .
17 At the age of 37 Mike suddenly found himself out of … and without much hope of finding a … .
18 These days there are more and more … opportunities for women.
19 Men in manual … are less prone to stress-related illnesses.
20 Teaching is … that requires total commitment.
B) Earnings, pay, salary, wages
1 She is moving to a new job with better … .
2 I spent a whole month’s … on my vacation.
3 Part-time teachers have different working conditions than teachers on a … .
4 The basic … is poor, but with overtime the average … are nearly $ 190 per week.
5 He was on a sick leave … for the two weeks he spent in the hospital.
6 He receives a fantastic … as a chairman of the company.
7 He has a very comfortable income from his lawyer’s … and various investments.
8 My dad’s take-home … were 40 $ a week.
9 We usually get our … on Thursday afternoon.
Ex. 3 Fill in the blanks with prepositions if necessary.
1 I’m sorry … Tom. He has worked as a used car dealer… Brown
and company … ten years and now the firm has been taken … by Jones Ltd, and they are going to dismiss him.
2 I see … today’s paper that you need a secretary … knowledge of
French, I would like to apply … the post.
3 I was … the impression that I had paid you … the work you did
4 I thought he would offer Ann the job, but he offered it … me.
5 He advised the strikers to go back … work.
6 I am certainly not married … my job.
7 The key … my success is determination, motivation, hard work
and luck. It’s luck to be … the right place at the right time.
8 I am thinking … changing my job because there are few prospects
9 He is looking … a new appointment … the moment.
10 I am well qualified and have completed a course … graphic
Ex. 4 Complete the collocations in the text with the words given below:
Working conditions, sick pay, promotion prospects, pension scheme, trial period, career path, job description, claims form, travel expenses, a cover letter
You’ll never guess what’s happened – I’ve only got a job! I saw an advert in the press for an administrative assistant at London Insurance, and sent in my CV and a (1) …, more out of curiosity than anything else. Well, to my surprise, I got an interview, and I managed to convince them that insurance is the (2) … I intend to pursue.
Apparently, they were impressed with my ambition, especially when I said I was looking for a job with good (3) …, and a week later I was offered the job.
They seem to look after you well – for example, I was told to send in a (4) … so that they could reimburse my (5) … to the interview. I was also impressed by the (6) … at the office when I went for the interview. So I’m actually starting work on Monday! I’ve received my (7) … now, and it all seems very favourable. After a (8) … of one month, I’ll be on a permanent contract with (9) … and paid holiday. There’s even a company (10) … which I can join.
David, why don’t you apply? They take on 20 new graduates each year. It would be right up your street.
Ex. 5 Insert only one word:
How many people are lucky enough to … doing a job they really enjoy?
Recent surveys … shown that most people have ended up doing a job that they don’t see as a career. In addition, very few of those … were asked, had a job which was something they had dreamed of doing … they were a child. Family obligations and distance from work … usually the most important parameters in choosing a job. Not many people … commute to work on a daily basis if the journey took over 60 minutes. People rarely realize that choosing a job for the wrong … can be the source of great unhappiness. Schools offer courses …career orientation and most colleges have got career centres for … graduates. Companies give aptitude tests to see … an applicant is suitable for the job. Nowadays, people change jobs … two or three years, whereas a few decades … rarely changed profession. Some people are brave enough … go back to college, get the qualifications required and try a different career. People are more willing to change jobs if they are … higher salary or perks, such as a company ear or bonuses. If there are financial rewards, people … prepared to make compromises and put … with a job they do not find challenging or stimulating.
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