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PREPOSITIONS OF TIME: AT, ON, IN




ПРЕДЛОГИ ВРЕМЕНИ

 

AT ON IN
1. точное время: · at 6 o’clock; · at midnight (в полночь); at noon / midday (в полдень) · at sunrise / dawn (на рассвете), at sunset (на закате) · at the moment 2. части дня: · at night (ночью) · at lunchtime (в обед) 3. праздники: · at Christmas (на Рождество) · at Easter (на Пасху) 4. выходные: at the weekend (but: at weekends) 5. начало и конец ч.-л.: · at the beginning of … (в начале) · at the end of… (в конце) · at first (сначала) · at last (наконец) · at conclusion (в заключение) 6. о количестве раз: · at once (сразу) · one at a time (по одному) · at two sittings (за две встречи) 7. устойчивые фразы: · at the age of (в возрасте…) · at the same time (одновременно) · at no time (никогда) · at times (время от времени) · at the time (тогда) · at the right / wrong time (вовремя / не вовремя) · at the last minute · at the turn of the century (на рубеже веков) 1. дни, даты: · on Monday (в понедельник) · on the 25 of July (25 июля) 2. перед частями дня, если перед ними стоит определение: · on a peaceful night (тихой ночью) · on Monday evening (в понедельник вечером) 3. перед названием праздника, если в его название входит сущ-е day: on Christmas day 4. устойчивые фразы: · on the eve (накануне) · on time (точно вовремя) · on holiday, on leave (на каникулах, в отпуске) · day on day (день за днем) · cash on delivery (оплата при доставке) · on a trip (в поездке, во время поездки) · on the stroke of two (точно в два) 1. с месяцами, годами, веками, десятилетиями, тысячелетиями: · in April · in 1987 · in 1950s · in the 19th century 2. с частями дня, если перед ними стоит the: · in the morning (утром) · in the afternoon (днем) · in the evening (вечером) · in the night (ночью) 3. с временами года: in winter (зимой) 4. in + время года + holiday: in the summer holiday (на летних каникулах) 5. in = через : in two years’ time (через два года) 6. устойчивые фразы: · in no time (сразу) · in time (вовремя) · in free / spare time (в свободное время) · in the end (в конце концов) · in good time (заранее) · all in good time (всему свое время) · in the dead of night (глухой ночью) · in a jiff (мигом)

NOTE: Как правило, перед словами this, last, next, every и следующим за ним существительным, обозначающим время, предлоги не ставятся.



 



VERBS, ADJECTIVES, NOUNS + PREPOSITION

 

ГЛАГОЛ, ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНОЕ, СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНОЕ + ПРЕДЛОГ


VERBS, ADJECTIVES, NOUNS + PREPOSITION


absent from (adj)

accompanied by (adj)

according to (prep)

account for (v)

accuse sb of (v)

accustomed to (adj)

addicted to (adj)

advantage of (n)

(but: there's an advantage in – (have) an advantage oversb)

advice on (n)

afraid of (adj)

agree to/on sth (v)

agree with sb (v)

ahead of (prep)

aim at (v)

allergic to (adj)

amazed at/by (adj)

amused at/with (adj)

angry at what sb does (adj)

angry with sb about sth (adj)

angry with sb for doing sth (adj)

annoyed with sb about sth (adj)

answer to (n)

anxious about sth (adj)

anxious for sth to happen (adj)

apologise to sb for sth (v)

(make an) appeal to sb for sth (n)

appeal to/against (v)

apply to sb for sth (v)

approve of (v)

argue with sb about sth (v)

arrest sb for sth (v)

arrive at (a small place) (v)

arrive in (a city) (v)

ashamed of (adj)

ask for (v) (but: ask sb a question)

assure (sb) of (v)

astonished at/by (adj)

attached to (adj)

attack on (n)

attend to (v)

(un)aware of (adj)

bad at sth (adj) (but: He was very bad tome.)

base on (v)

basis for (n)

beg for (v)

believe in (v)

benefit from (v)

bet on (v)

beware of (v)

(put the) blame on sb (n)

blame sb for sth (v)

blame sth on sb (v)

boast about/ot (v)

bored with/of (adj)

borrow sth from sb (v)

brilliant at (adj)

bump into (v)

busy with (adj)

campaign against/for (v)

capable of (adj)

care about (v)

care for sb (v) (= like)

(take) care of (n)

care for sth (v) (= like to do sth)

careful of (adj)

careless about (adj)

cause of (n)

certain of (adj)

change into (v)

charge for (v)

charge sb with (v)

cheque for (n)

choice between/of (n)

close to (adj)

collaborate with (v)

collide with (v)

comment on (v)

communicate with (v)

compare with / to (v)

comparison between (n)

complain of (v) (= suffer from)

complain to sb about sth (v)

compliment sb on (v)

comply with (v)

conceal sth from sb (v)

concentrate on (v)

confidence in sb (n)

confusion over (n)

congratulate sb on sth (v)

connection between (n)

connect to/with (v)

consist of (v)

contact between (n) (but: in contact with)

content with (adj)

contrary to (prep)

contrast with (v)

contribute to (v)

convert to/into (v)

cope with (v)

correspond to/with (v)

count against (v)

count on sb (phr v)

cover in/with (v)

covered in/with (adj)

crash into (v)

(have) a craving for sth (n)

crazy about (adj)

crowded with (adj)

cruel to (adj)

cruelty towards/to (n)

cure for (n)

cure of (v)

curious about (adj)

damage to (n)

date back to (v)

deal with (v)

dear to (adj)

decide on/against (v)

decrease in (n)

dedicate to (v)

definition of (n)

delay in (n)

delight in (v)

delighted with (adj)

demand for (n)

demand from (v)

depart from (v)

departure from (n)

depend on/upon (v)

dependent on (adj)

description of (n)

die of/from (v)

die in an accident (v)

differ from (v)

different from (adj)

difficulty in/with (n)

disadvantage of (n) (but: there's a disadvantage in doing sth)

disagree with (v)

disappointed with/about (adj)

disapprove of (v)

discharge sb from (v)

discouraged from (adj)

discussion about/on (n)

disgusted by/at (adj)

dismiss from (v)

dispose of (v)

disqualified from (adj)

dissatisfied with (adj)

distinguish between (v)

divide between/among (v)

divide into/by (v)

do sth about (v)

doubtful about (adj)

dream about (v)

dream of (v) (=imagine)

dressed in (adj)

eager for (adj)

efficient at (adj)

(put) effort into sth (n)

emphasis on (n)

engaged to sb/in sth (adj)

engagement to sb (n)

enthusiastic about (adj)

envious of (adj)

equal to (adj)

escape from/to (v)

example of (n)

excellent at (adj)

exception to (n)

exchange sth for sth else (v)

excited about (adj)

exclaim at (v)

excuse for (n)

excuse sb for (v)

expel from (v)

experienced in (adj)

experiment on/with (v)

expert at/in (sth/doing sth) (n) (= person good at)

expert at/in/on (sth/doing sth) (adj) (= done with skill)

expert with sth (n) (= good at using sth)

expert on (n) (= person knowledge­able about a subject)

face up to (phr v)

fail in an attempt (v)

fail to do sth (v)

failure in (an exam) (n)

failure to (do sth) (n)

faithful to (adj)

fall in (n)

familiar to sb (= known to sb) (adj)

familiar with (= have knowledge of) (adj)

famous for (adj)

fed up with (adj)

fill sth with sth else (v)

finish with (v)

fire at (v)

fond of (adj)

forget about (v)

forgive sb for (v)

fortunate in (adj)

friendly with/to (adj)

frightened of (adj)

full of (adj)

furious with sb about/at sth (adj)

generosity to/towards (n)

genius at (n)

glance at (v)

glare at (v)

good at (adj) (but: He was very good tome.)

grateful to sb for sth (adj)

guess at (v)

guilty of (adj) (but: he felt guilty abouthis crime)

happen to (v)

happy about/with (adj)

harmful to (adj)

hear about (v) (=be told)

hear from (v) (= receive a letter)

hear of (v) (= learn that sth or sb exists)

heir to (n)

hint to sb about sth (v) (but: hint at sth)

hope for (v) hope to do sth (v)

(no) hope of (n) hopeless at (adj)

idea of (n)

identical to (adj)

ignorant of/about (adj)

ill with (adj)

impact on (n)

impressed by/with (adj)

(make an) impression on sb (n)

improvement in/on (n)

incapable of (adj)

increase in (n)

independent of (adj)

indifferent to (adj)

inferior to (adj)

information about/on (n)

(be) informed about (adj)

insist on (v)

insure against (v)

intelligent at (adj)

(have no) intention of (n)

interest in (n)

interested in (adj)

interfere with/in (v)

invasion of (n)

invest in (v)

invitation to (n)

invite sb to (v

involve in (v)

irritated by (adj)

jealous of (adj)

join in (v)

joke about (v)

knock at/on (v)

know about/of (v)

keen on sth (adj)

keen to do sth (adj)

kind to (adj)

key to (n)

knowledge of (n)

lack in (v)

lack of (n)

laugh at (v)

lean on/againsi (v)

leave for (v) (= head for)

lend sth to sb (v)

listen to (v)

live on (v)

long for (v)

look after (phr v) (= take care of)

look at (v)

look for (= search for) (v)

married to (adj)

mean to (adj)

mention to (v)

mistake sb for (v)

mix with (v)

name after (v)

necessary for (adj)

need for (n)

neglect of (n)

nervous about (adj)

new to (adj)

nice to (adj)

nominate sb (for/as sth) (v)

(take) (no) notice of (n)

notorious for doing sth (adj)

obedient to (adj)

object to (v)

objection to (n)

obliged to sb for sth (adj)

obvious to (adj)

occur to (v)

offence against (n)

operate on (v)

opinion of/on (n)

opposite of/to (n)

part with (v)

patient with (adj)

pay by (cheque) (v)

pay for (v)

pay in (cash) (v)

peculiar to (adj)

persist in (v)

pity for (n)

take pity on sb (exp)

pleased with (adj)

(take) pleasure in (n)

(have the) pleasure of (n)

point at/to (v)

(im)polite to (adj)

popular with (adj)

praise sb for (v)

pray for sth/sb (v)

prefer sth to sth else (v)

(have a) preference for (n)

prepare for (v)

present sb with (v)

prevent sb from (v)

(take) pride in (n)

pride oneself on sth/on doing (v)

prohibit sb from doing sth (v)

prone to (adj)

protect against/from (v)

protection from (n)

protest about/at (v)

proud of (adj)

provide sb with (v)

punish sb for (v)

puzzled about/by (adj)

quarrel about sth/with sb (v/n)

qualified for (adj)quick at (adj)

react to (v)

reaction to (n)

ready for (adj)

reason for (n)

reason with (v)

rebel against (v)

receive from (v)

recover from (v)

reduction in (n)

refer to (v)

(in/with) reference to (n)

refusal of (n)

regard as (v)

regardless of (prep)

related to (adj)

relationship between (n) (but: a good relationship withsb)

relevant to (adj)

rely on (v)

remind sb of/about (v)

remove from (v)

replace sth with sth else (v)

reply to (n/v)

report on (n/v)

reputation for/of (n)

research on/into (n)

respect for (n)

respected for (adj)

respond to (v)

responsibility for (n) responsible for (adj) result from (v) (= be the consequence of)

result in (v) (=cause) result of (n)

resulting from (adj)

rich in (adj)

(get) rid of (phr)

rise in (n)

(make) room for (n)

rude to (adj)

run into (phr v)

safe from (adj)

same as (adj)

satisfied with (adj)

save sb from (v)

scared of (adj)

search for (v/n)

(be) in search of (n)

sensible of sth (adj)

sensitive to (adj)

sentence sb to (v)

separate from (v)

serious about (adj)

share in/of sth (n)

shelter from (v)

shocked at/by (adj)

shoot at (v)

short of (adj)

shout at (v)

shy of (adj)

sick of (adj)

silly to do sth (adj) (but: it was silly ofhim)

similar to (adj)

skilful/skilled at (adj)

slow in/about doing sth/to sth smell of (n/v)

smile at (v)

solution to (n)

sorry about (adj) (= feel sorry for sb) (but: I'm sorry fordoing sth)

speak to/with sb about (v)

specialise in (v)

specialist in (n)

spend money on sth (v)

spend time in/doing sth (v)

split into/in (v)

spy on (v)

stand for (phr v)

stare at (v)

strain on (n)

subject to (adj/v)

submit to (v)

subscribe to (v)

succeed in (v)

suffer from (v)

sufficient for sth/sb (adj)

superior to (adj)

sure of/about (adj)

surprised at/by (adj)

surrender to (v)

surrounded by (adj)

suspect sb of (v)

suspicious of (adj)

sympathetic to/towards (adj)

sympathise with (v)

take sth to sb/sth (v)

talent for sth (n)

talk to sb about sth (v) (have) taste in (n)

taste of (v)

terrible at (adj)

terrified of (adj)

thank sb for (v)

thankful for (adj)

think about/of (v)

threat to sb/sth of sth (n) threaten sb with sth (v)

throw at (v) (in order to hit)

throw to (v) (in order to catch)

tired of (adj) (= fed up with)

translate from ... into (v)

tread on (v)

trip over (v)

trouble with (n)

typical of (adj)

unaware of (adj)

understanding of (n)

uneasy about (adj)

upset about/over sth (adj)

valid for (length of time) (adj)

valid in (places) (adj)

value sth at (v)

vote against/for (v)

wait for (v)

warn sb against/about/of (v)

waste (time/money) on (v)

weak in/at (adj) wonder about (v) worry about (v)

(make) use of (n) used to (adj)

worthy of (adj)

write to sb (v)

wrong about (adj)


 

 


PREPOSITION + NOUN, ADJECTIVE, VERB

ПРЕДЛОГ + СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНОЕ, ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНОЕ, ГЛАГОЛ


at the age of

at the airport

at the beginning of

at breakfast/lunch etc

at the bottom of

at the bus stop

at church

at the corner/on the corner

at all costs

at the crossroads

at dawn

at one's desk

at the door

at the end of

at fault

at first

at first hand

at first sight

at a glance

at a guess

at hand

at heart

at home

at/in a hotel

at... km per hour

at last

at the latest

at least

at liberty

at a loss

at the match

at midnight

at the moment

at most

at night

at noon

at once

at peace/war

at present

at a profit

at the prospect

at random

at any rate

at one's request

at the same time

at school

at sea

at the seaside

at short notice

at/in the station

at sunset

at the table

at the time

at times

at the top of (but: on topof)

at university

at the weekend

at work

at 4 Rose St.

by accident

by all accounts

by appointment

by the arm/hand

by birth

by bus/train/plane, etc (but: on а / thebus; in a taxi / helicopter / plane)

by chance

by cheque

by correspondence

by day/night by degrees

by the dozen by far

by force by hand

by heart

by invitation by land/sea/air by law

by luck

by marriage by means of by mistake

by nature

by now

by oneself

by phone

by post/airmail

by profession

by request

by (the/one's) side

by sight

by surprise

by the time

by the way

by one's watch

for ages

for breakfast

for certain

for a change

for ever

for fear (of)

for fun (= for amusement)

for good

for granted

for hire

for instance

for luck

for life

for love

for nothing

for once

for the rest of

for safe keeping

for one's sake

for the sake of

for sale

for short

for the time being

for a walk

for a while

in action

in addition to

in advance (of)

in agreement (with)

in aid of

in all (all in all)

in answer to

in an armchair

in a good/bad temper

in bed

in a book

in brief

in any case

in cash

in the centre of

in charge (of)

in code

in colour

in comfort

in common

in comparison with

in conclusion (to)

in (good/bad) condition

in confidence

in control (of)

in the country

in danger

in the dark

in debt

in demand

in detail

in difficulty

in the direction of

in doubt

in a... dress

in the end (= finally)

in exchange for

in existence

in fact

in fashion

in favour of

in flames

in the flesh

in one's free time

in fun

in future

in general

in good time

in half

in hand

in haste

in good/bad health

in honour of

in the hope of

in hospital

in a hotel

in a hurry

in ink/pencil/pen

in sb's interest

in length/width etc

in all sb's life

in a line

in the long run

in love (with)

in luxury

in the meantime

in a mess

in the middle of

in a mirror

in a moment

in a good/bad mood

in the mood

in the morning

in the mountains

in need of

in the news

in a newspaper

in the name of

in the nick of time

in the north/south

in a nutshell

in oils

in the open

in one's opinion

in orbit

in order of/to

in other words

in pain

in pairs

in the park

in particular

in the past

in person

in pieces

in place of

in politics

in pounds

in practice

in principle

in prison

in private/public

in all probability

in progress

in a queue

in reality

in return

in the right/wrong

in a row/rows

in ruins

in safety

in season

in secret

in self-defence

in short

in sight (of)

in the sky

in some respects

in stock

in the streets

in succession

in the suburbs

in the sun/shade

in good/bad taste

in tears

in theory

in a tick

in time

in no time

in touch

in town

in tune (with)

in turn

in two/half

in uniform

in use

in vain

in view of

in a loud/low voice

in a way (= in a manner)

in the way

in writing

in a word

off air

off colour

off duty

off limits

off the map

off the peg

off the point

off the record

off the road

off school/work

on account of

on a... morning

on the agenda

on the air

on approval

on arrival

on average

on bail

on balance

on the beach

on behalf of

on one's birthday

on board

on the border

on business

on call

on a campsite (at a campsite)

on the coast

on condition

on the contrary

on credit

on a(n) cruise / trip / tour

on (a ...) day

on demand

on a diet

on the dole

on duty

on earth

on edge

on an expedition

on a farm

on fire

on the (4th) floor (of)

on the floor

on foot

on the one hand

on the other hand

on holiday

on horseback

on impulse

on the increase

on an island

on a journey

on one's knees

on leave

on the left

on loan

on the market

on one's mind

on that morning

on the move

on New Year's Day

on the news

on order

on the outskirts

on one's own

on page...

on parade

on the pavement

on the phone

on a platform

on principle

on purpose

on the radio/TV

on the right

on the river

on sale

on schedule

on the screen

on second thoughts

on sight

on the sofa

on the street(s)

on strike

on good/bad terms

on time

on top of

on the trail of

on a trip

on the way (to)

on the whole

out of breath

out of character

out of condition

out of control

out of danger

out of date

out of debt

out of doors

out of fashion

out of focus

out of hand

out of luck

out of order

out of the ordinary

out of place

out of practice

out of print

out of the question

out of reach

out of season

out of sight

out of step

out of stock

out of tune

out of turn

out of use

out of work

under age

under arrest

under one's breath

under control

under discussion

under the impression

under orders

under pressure

under repair

under the weather



 

 

 

 

THE INTERJECTION

 

МЕЖДОМЕТИЕ

 

Interjection Meaning Examples
aah aargh ah aha aiee alas attaboy aw blimey boo crikey crud damn / dang d’oh eek eh fuck gee / gosh ha(h) ha ha heck hee hee hey hiya hm(m) huh   hum / humph hurray / hurrah jeez (geez) man oh ooh oops ouch / ow psst phew   shh shit ta tsk tsk ugh uh huh uh-oh uh-uh whee whoa whoopee wow yahoo yessir yikes yippee yo / yoo hoo yuck удовлетворение недовольство понимание, удивление, недовольство понимание при неприятном ощущении увы похвала сочувствие, разочарованиеt удивление пугая кого-то удивление недовольство недовольство разочарование, недовольство притворяясь напуганным непонимание, удивление, и проч. злость удивление удовлетворение, несогласие смех недовольство, удивление хихиканье привлечение внимания, приветствие приветствие размышление, сомнение вопрос о согласии, просьба повторить, несогласие, неверие и проч. неодобрение удовлетворение удивление, злость удивление, восхищение, злость удивление, злость, удовлетворение удивление, восхищение, удовольствие при ошибке, ляпе при неожиданной боли привлечение внимания при ощущении жары, усталости, облегчения ‘тихо!’ раздражение ‘спасибо’ неодобрение о чем-то неприятном согласие когда что-то не так несогласие при быстрой езде ‘потише’ восхищение удивление выражение энтузиазма ироничное обещание что-то сделать удивление удовольствие привлечение внимания ‘гадость’ Aah, the food smells wonderful! Aargh! Not this again! Ah yes, I remember now. Aha, I see now. Aiee, I’ve pinched my finger.   You’ve done it! Attaboy! Aw, you are poor thing! Blimey! It’s you Peter! Boo! I’m a wolf! Crikey! You are here! Crud! I’ve failed it! Damn! I’ve broken a nail! D’oh, I took the wrong bus. Eek, I’m really afraid. Eh? What’s that again? It isn’t working! Fuck! Gee! You’ve got engaged! Ha! I told you I’d win. Ha ha! I’ve had you! Heck, it’s again you. Hee hee, you are a fool. Hey, what are you doing here? Hiya, Peter! How are the things? Hm, let me think. Did you enjoy it? Huh? What’s wrong with you, huh? Hum, I don’t think so. Hurray! Here you are at last! Jeez, you’re getting married! Man! That was pretty scary! Oh God! Ooh, let’s do it again! Oops. Sorry about that. Ouch / Ow! That really hurts! Psst! Come here. Phew! That’s a relief.   Shh! The baby is sleeping. Shit! You’ve spoiled everything.   Tsk tsk, stop doing that. Ugh! That tastes disgusting! See you at 6. – Uh huh. Uh-oh, I think we’ve made a mistake. Are you coming to Nick’s party? – Uh-uh. Whee, that’s fun! Whoa, could you speak more slowly? Whoopee, it’s incredible! Wow, you did it, didn’t you? Yahoo, let’s go. You must do it right now. – Yessir. Yikes, I never knew you were married. Yippee! We did it! Yo, boy, come here. You gonna eat it? Yuck.

 





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