Ex. 69 Put the verbs in brackets into the: present perfect or simple past. (In some cases the present perfect continuous is possible)
1 Paul: I (play) football since I was five years old. Tom: You (play) since you (come) to England? Paul: Oh yes. I (play) quite a lot. I (join) a club the day after I (arrive). 2 Tom: You (play) any matches? Paul: We (play) about ten. We have two more to play. We (have) a very good season, we (win) all our matches so far, though we (not really deserve) to win the last one. 3 Tom: I (play) football when I (be) at school but when I (leave) school I (drop) it and (take) up golf. 4 Ann: Hello, Jack! I (not see) you for ages! Where you (be)? Jack: I (be) in Switzerland. I (mean) to send you a postcard but I (not have) your address with me. Ann: Never mind. You (have) a good time in Switzerland? How long you (be) there? Jack: I (be) there for a month. I only just (get) back. Yes, I (enjoy) it thoroughly. I (ski) all day and (dance) all night. 5 Ann: I (ski) when I (be) at the university, but I (break) a leg five years ago and since then I (not do) any. 6 When I first (come) to this house, it (be) a very quiet area. But since then a new housing estate (be) built and it (become) very noisy. 7 My son (not start) work yet. He's still at the High School. - How long he (be) at school? - He (be) at the High School for six years; before that he (spend) five years at the Primary School in Windmill Street. 8 I just (hear) that Peter is in Australia. - Oh, you (not know)? He (fly) out at the beginning of the month. - You (hear) from him? Does he like the life? - Yes, I (get) a letter last week. He (tell) me about his job. But he (not say) whether he (like) the life or not. Perhaps it's too soon to say. He only (be) there three weeks. 9 I (not know) you (be) left-handed. - I'm not left-handed; but my oil-heater (explode) yesterday and I (burn) my right hand, so I have to use my left. 10 This bicycle (be) in our family for fourteen years. My father (use) it for the first five years, my brother (ride) it for the next five, and I (have) it for the last four. 11 I hear that your MP, Mr Simpson, (make) a very clever speech last night. How long he (be) your MP?- Oh, we only (have) him since January. His predecessor Mr Alien (resign) suddenly because of ill-health and there (be) a by-election. 12 I hear that Mr Jones (leave). - Yes, he (leave) last week. - Anybody (be) appointed to take his place? - I believe several men (apply) for the job but so far nothing (be) decided. 13 Peter (meeting Ann at the airport): Hello, Ann. You (have) a good trip? Ann: The actual flight (be) lovely, one of the best I (have) ever, but it (take) ages to get into the plane. First they (think) that one of us (be) a hijacker and they (search) us all for firearms; then they (announce) that one of the engines (be) faulty. We finally (take off) an hour later. 14 Peter: How you (spend) this extra hour before take-off)? Ann: Oh, they (take) us to the restaurant and (feed) us and we (walk) about and (buy) things we (not need). The time (pass) all right. 15 You (book) your hotel room yet?- Well, I (write) to the hotel last week but they (not answer) yet. 16 Peter (meeting Paul unexpectedly in London): Hello, Paul! I (not know) you (be) here. Paul: Oh, I (be) here nearly two months. I (arrive) on the 6th of January. 17 Peter: When we last (meet) you (say) that nothing would induce you to come to England. What (make) you change your mind? Paul: I (find) that I (need) English for my work and this (seem) the quickest way of learning it. 18 Peter: You (know) any English when you first (arrive) here? Paul: No, I (not know) a word. 19 Ann (to Yvonne, who is going to English classes): How long you (learn) English? Yvonne: I (learn) off and on for about five and a half years. (Use the continuous form.) 20 I (begin) English at secondary school and (do) it for three years. Then I (drop) it for a year and (forget) most of it. Then I (spend) two years at a secretarial college, where I (study) commercial English, and for the last six months I (study) in London. 21 At 4 p.m. my neighbour (ring) up and (say), 1s Tom with you?' Tom, her son, (spend) most of his time in my garden playing with my children, so whenever she (not be able) to find him she (ring) me. I'm afraid I (not see) him today,' I (say). 'But my children (go) to the beach this morning and (not come) back yet. Perhaps he (go) with them.' 22 I just (have) my first driving lesson. - How it (go)? You (enjoy) it? - Well, I not actually (hit) anything but I (make) every other possible mistake. 23 Old Ben (sell) newspapers just inside the station entrance, and my father always (buy) his evening paper from him as he (leave) the station on his way home. But one day my father (arrive) home without his paper. 'Ben (not be) there this evening,' he (say). 'I hope he (not be taken) ill.' 24 On Saturday afternoon I (see) Frederick sitting in his garden. 'I (think) you (work) on Saturdays,' I (say). 'I (work) this morning,' (explain) Frederick, 'but at lunch time the boss (go) off to play golf and (tell) us all to go home. It's about time he (give) us a whole Saturday off actually. I (work) practically even Saturday since the beginning of the year.' 25 Ann: You (be) to Hampton Court? Jane: Yes, I (go) there last week. The tulips (be) wonderful. Ann: You (go) by car? Jane: No, I (go) with my English class. We (hire) a coach. 26 Ann: Where else you (be) to since you (come) to England? Jane: Oh, I (be) to Stratford and Coventry and Oxford and Canterbury. 27 Ann: You (see) a lot. When you (go) to Stratford? Jane: I (go) last week. The people I work for (take) me. 28 Ann: You (see) a play at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre when you (be) at Stratford? Jane: Yes, we (see) Macbeth. We were very lucky. We just (walk) in and (ask) if they (have) any returned tickets, and the girl at the box office (say), 'Yes, a man just (return) three stalls.' 29 Ann: You (be) to Wales? Jane: No, I (be) to Scotland but I (not be) to Wales. I'd like to go. 30 Peter: You (see) any good films lately? Ann: Yes, I (go) to the National Film Theatre last week and (see) a Japanese film. Peter: You (like) it? Ann: Yes, I (love) it, but of course I (not understand) a word. 31 Tom: I hear that Mr Benson just (die). You (know) him quite well, didn't you? Jack: Yes. We (work) for the same company for ten years. I (not see) so much of him after he (leave) the company but we (keep) in touch 32 Ann (think) the garage (be) empty, and (turn) off the lights. 'Hey!' (shout) Paul from under the car. I'm sorry, Paul,' (say) Ann, I (not know) you (be) there.' 33 Father: Tom (not come) back yet? Mother: Yes, he (come) in an hour ago. He (go) straight to bed. Father: Funny. I (not hear) him. 34 Paul: That's a live wire. It just (give) me a shock! Ann: Nonsense! I just (touch) it and I (not feel) anything! 35 When Paul (come) into the room, Ann was sitting in an armchair just behind the door. Paul, not noticing Ann, (go) to the window and (look) out. Ann (cough) and Paul (spin) round. 'Hello, Ann!' he (exclaim), 'I (not see) you!' 36 Jack: You just (agree) to go, so why aren't you getting ready? Peter: But I (not realize) that you (want) me to start at once!
Ex. 70 Use Present Perfect or the Past Indefinite in the following sentences:
1.I never (to see) anyone more beautiful than your wife. 2.I (to meet) your husband this afternoon at Green Street. 3. He said, "You (to meet) this passenger. He calls himself Major Jones." "I (to speak) to him." 4. "I (to get) hold of some money — enough for Tony to go off for a couple of years." "You (to raise) all that money by doing your own housework?" "No, of course not." "Milly, what you (to be) up to? What you (to do)?" "I (to sell) the house." "But what's Tony going to say? You (to tell) him?" "Why should he care? He's young." "Why you (not to tell) him?" 5.I said, "Mr Jones (to be) arrested by the police." "My goodness. You don't say. What he (to do)?" "He necessarily (not to do) anything." "He (to see) a lawyer?" "That's not possible here. The police wouldn't allow it." 6. "You (to hear) the news?" "What news?" "About Ted and Dave. They (to be) out on the roof last night and Ted (to slip) and Dave (to try) to hold him but he couldn't and (to be) pulled off too. They're both in hospital with concussion and their people (to be) sent for." 7.I understand you (to have) an unpleasant experience at the week-end? What (to happen) exactly? 8. You remember the coin you (to find) in the pool? 9. "Mr Dillon (to arrive), Kate." "Oh, good. You (to find) your way all right then, Mr Dillon? I (not to hear) you ring the bell." "I couldn't find the bell, so I (to knock) instead." 10. He (to light) a cigarette and (to walk) to the window. 11. "Can we get dinner here?" "Of course we can. Have you got enough money? I (to spend) my last dollar on the taxi." 12. You (to say) just now that time (to be) everything. What you (to mean) by that? 13.As we got into the taxi my brother asked, "Well, you (to speak) to Harry?" "I (to speak) to him for a moment." 14. "Hallo," the little girl said to her mother and looked at her companion. "Come and say 'How do you do' to Mr Ogden." "I (to see) him already." "You can't have done, dear. He only just (to arrive) here." "I (to see) him in the hall this afternoon." "I'm sure you didn't. You (to see) my little daughter yet, Mr Ogden?" "I don't think we (to meet) before," said Mr Ogden. 15. "I remember you (to have) three funny little freckles on your nose," he said, "but they (to disappear)." 16.I think I'd better go now. I (to act) wrongly and I in a way (to deceive) you. I'm sorry. 17. "You (to read) 'Winnie the Pooh' by A. A. Milne?" "Yes." "And how you (to like) it?" "Very much indeed." 18.She (to come) into the room and (to lean) over her father's chair and (to kiss) his cheek. "You (to have) a good trip?" 19. You (not to hear) what the pilot (to say)? 20. At school I (to be) never good at languages, but here I (to pick) up a bit of French. 21. "Good night. It (to be) nice to meet you," he (to say) and (to go) off to his car. 22."Poor girl," said Renny looking after her. "Don't pity her! She (to have) her happiness. We all pay for that." "You (to have) yours?" "I (to have) my share." "You (to pay) for it? " "Twice over." 23. Well, I know what you (to be) through. 24. "Then what (to happen) to you there?" "Let's forget it. Even now I can't believe I (to do) it."
Ex. 71 Use the Present Perfect or the Past Indefinite in questions in the following text:
— Are you a soldier by profession? - Yes. — How long you (to be) in the army? — Twenty-five years. — When you (to join) the army? - In 1932. - Where you (to serve) during the war? First on the territory of Ukraine, then in the Far East. You (to see) much fighting in Ukraine? A good deal. — How long you (to remain) there? For over a year. Why you (to be) sent to the Far East? - I (to be) wounded. What sort of wound it (to be)? - A bullet through the shoulder. How many times you (to be) wounded during the war? - Three times. They (to be) serious wounds? Rather. When you (to be) wounded the last time? In 1945. How you (to feel) since the army? Not very strong. Why you (not to leave) the army? I can't imagine my life outside the army. Where you (to serve) lately? In the Caucasus mostly. The climate there suits my health.
Ex. 72 Use the Present Perfect or the Past Indefinite in the following questions:
1. "I'll drink tea from this tin mug." "Wherever you (to find) it?" 2. "What you (to hear)?" she demanded. "A farmer tells me he saw your brother walking back to the town." "Why he (not to tell) us?" "He thought we knew." 3.The parrot screamed a few words in Hindi. "Where he (to learn) that?" my aunt asked me. 4. He showed her inside the house. "Oh, how lovely!" she exclaimed. "I had no idea it would be so lovely. Why you (not to tell) us? And you (to do) it all by yourself?" "Yes." "How you (to manage) it? It's so tidy. And the new tea-set! When you (to buy) it?" 5. When Renny came in, his grandmother asked him: "Where you (to be) all day?" 6. "What sort of time you (to have) in France?" "A lot of things happened there." 7. "Everyone in the village will talk about it." "How this affair (to begin)?" 8. "How many children you (to teach) in that other family?" the girl asked her new governess. "Not many. Just one girl." "How long you (to stay) with her?" 9. Then my mother asked me: "Why you (to go) to the post-office today?"
Ex. 73 Translate the following into English concentrating on the use of the Present Perfect and the Past Indefinite in sentences containing an indication of a period of time:
1. «Вы не можете мне сказать, уехала ли мисс Смит лондонским поездом сегодня утром?» — спросил он у начальника станции. — «Нет. Она опоздала на него». 2. Они проговорили около двух часов, и затем он сказал, что ему надо повидать кое-кого из друзей. 3. Его мать умерла. Она долго работала учительницей. 4. Послушай-ка, Джон, твоя хозяйка говорит, что ты сегодня лежишь целый день в постели. Это ведь не годится, правда? 5. Она удивилась, увидев его. «Разве ты не получил мое пись мо?» — «Твое письмо? Нет». — «Да, конечно, ты еще не мог его получить. Я забыла. Оно было отправлено только сегодня утром». 6. Она резко повернулась к мужу и сказала: «Я отгоню машину домой». — «Но ведь ты не водила машину много месяцев», — возразил он. — «Я еще не забыла, как это делается». 7. Мы все трое пошли вместе по улице. В течение некоторого времени все молчали. 8. «Дядя Том приезжает, — объявила Мег. — Мама получила от него письмо сегодня утром». 9. На этой неделе у меня едва было время, чтобы просмотреть газету. 10. «Тебе следует пойти навестить Вилли, — сказала она. — Ты не видел его три недели. Вы поссорились?» 11. Они долго сидели рядом. Джек первым нарушил молчание.
Ex. 74 Make up situations to justify the use of the Present Perfect and the Past Indefinite in the following pairs of sentences:
1.I left the car outside the gate.
I've left the car outside the gate.
2.We've settled everything.
We settled everything.
3. You behaved like a courageous man.
You have behaved like a courageous man.
4. The children have taken their toys to the library.
The children took their toys to the library.
5.I taught little children.
I've taught little children.
6.I hurt my ankle.
I've hurt my ankle.
7. I had a letter from home.
I've had a letter from home.
8. Have you spoken to him?
Did you speak to him?
9. We've been engaged for nearly two years.
We wеге engaged for nearly two years.
10. He has brought his collection of stamps.
He brought his collection of stamps.
Ex. 75 Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense: present perfect or simple past:
1 I (buy) a new house last year, but I (not sell) my old house yet, so at the moment I have two houses. 2 When Ann (be) on her way to the station it (begin) to rain. Ann (run) back to her flat for her umbrella, but this (make) her late for her train. 3 She (catch) the next train but it (not get) in till 9.00, so she (arrive) at her office ten minutes late. 4 Her boss (look) up as she (come) in . 'You (be) late every morning this week,' he (growl). 5 At 7 a.m. Charles (ring) Peter and (say), 'I'm going fishing, Peter. Would you like to come?' 'But it's so early,' (say) Peter. I (not have) breakfast yet. Why you (not tell) me last night?' 6 Tom (meet) Paul at lunch time and (say), I (not see) you at the bus stop this morning. You (miss) the bus?' 'I (not miss) it,' (reply) Paul. I (not miss) a bus for years. But this morning George (give) me a lift. ' 7 Ann (go) to Canada six months ago. She (work) in Canada for a while and then (go) to the United States. 8 Mary (be) in Japan for two years. She is working there and likes it very much. - How she (go)? - She (go) by air. 9 When I (buy) my new house I (ask) for a telephone. The Post Office (tell) me to wait, but I (wait) a year now and my phone still (not come). 10 Bill usually has breakfast at 8.00. Yesterday at 8.30 Peter (meet) Bill and (offer) him an apple. 'No, thanks,' (say) Bill. I just (have) breakfast.' 11 Just as Ann (arrive) at the airfield a plane (land) and a girl (climb) out. To her surprise Ann (recognize) her cousin, Lucy. 'Hello, Lucy,' she (exclaim). I (not know) that you (know) how to fly a plane.' 'I only just (learn),' (say) Lucy. 'I (go) solo for the first time last week.' 12 Peter (try) to come in quietly but his mother (hear) him and (call) out, 'Where you (be)? Your supper (be) in the oven for an hour.' 13 You (be) to the theatre lately? - Yes, I (go) to Othello last week. - You (like) it?- Yes, but I (not see) very well. I (be) right at the back 14 Ann (coming out of a bookshop): I just (buy) a copy of David Copperfield. You (read) it? Mary: As it happens it is the only one of Dickens's books that I (not read). I (not even see) the film. 15 You (be) to Cambridge? - Yes, I (be) there last month. - How you (get) there? - My brother (take) me in his car. 16 You (see) Philip lately? I (ring) his flat several times last week but (get) no answer. - Oh, he (be) in America for the last month. He (fly) out on the first a conference and then (decide) to stay for six weeks. - You (hear) from him? - Yes, I (get) a letter shortly after he (arrive). 17 How long you (be) in your present job? - I (be) there for six months. - And what you (do) before that? - Before that I (work) for Jones and Company. 18 How long you (work) for Jones and Company? - I (work) for them for two years. - You (like) working for them? - No, I (not like) it at all. - Then why you (stay) so long? 19 We usually go out on Saturday evenings, but last Saturday (be) so wet that we (stay) in and (play) cards. - What you (play)? - We (play) poker. I (lose) fifty pence. 20 When you (begin) school? - I (begin) school when I (be) five. I (go) to a primary school first. I (stay) there for six years and then I (go) to a comprehensive school 21 When I (be) seventeen I (start) my university course. - When you (get) your degree? - Oh, I (not get) my degree yet; I'm still at the university. I only (be) there for two years. 22 Tom (leave) the house at 8.20. At 8.25 the phone in Tom's house (ring), Tom's wife, Mary, (answer) it. 'Could I speak to Tom, please?' (say) the caller. 'I'm afraid he just (go) out', (say) Mary. 23 You (be) to Cornwall? - Yes, I (be) there last Easter. - You (go) by train? - No, I (hitch-hike). 24 I (not see) Charles for some time. - He (be) ill, poor chap. He (collapse) at work a fortnight ago and (be taken) to hospital. They (send) him home after two days but he (not come) back to work yet. 25 There (be) a very good programme on TV last night. You (see) it? - No, I (take) my set back to the shop last week because there (be) so much distortion; and they (say) it (need) a new part. They (not be able) to get the new part so far, so I (not watch) television for about ten days. 26 You (ever) be to France? - Yes, I (spend) last July and August in Grenoble. I (go) to improve my French but everyone I (meet) (want) to improve his English so I (not get) much practice. 27 The postman usually comes between 8.00 and 9.00 in the morning. At 8.45 a.m. yesterday Ann (say), 'Are there any letters for me?' 'I don't know,' (say) Mary. The postman (not come) yet.' At II a.m. Jack, Mary's husband, (ring) from his office to ask if there (be) any letters for him. 'No,' (say) Mary. 'Nobody (get) letters today. The postman (not come).' 28 Mr Speed, Ann's employer, (dictate) three letters and (tell) Ann to type them as soon as possible. Half an hour later he (ring) Ann's office. 'You (finish) those letters yet?' he (ask). 'Well,' (say) Ann, 1 (do) the letter to Mr Jones, and I'm now typing the one to Mr Robinson, but I (not start) the one to Mr Smith yet.' 29 You (find) out yet about the trains to Liverpool? - No. I (ring) the station last night but the man who (answer) the phone (not seem) to be sure of the times. He (say) something about a new timetable. - But the new timetable (be) in operation for three weeks! 30 Tom and Jack work in different offices but go to work in the same train. One evening Tom's wife (say), 'Jack (move) into his new house yet?' 1 don't know,' (say) Tom, I (not see) Jack today. He (not be) on the train.' 31 Where you (be)? - I (be) shopping in Oxford Street. - So I suppose you (buy) shoes? - Yes. I (find) a shop where they were having a sale and I (get) three pairs. 32 In the evenings I often play chess with my next door neighbour. I (play) chess with him ever since I (come) to live here ten years ago. He (be) here all his life; he (inherit) the house from his father, another great chess player. - You ever (play) chess with the father? - We (play) once or twice but he (die) a year after I (arrive). 33 I can't find my gloves. You (see) them? - Yes, you (leave) them in the car yesterday. I (put) them back in your drawer. 34 I hope you're enjoying your visit to England. You (meet) any Englishmen yet? - Yes, I (meet) a man called Smith at a party last night. - What you (talk) about? - We (talk) about the weather 35 Mrs Jones: For years I (do) all my washing by hand; then last year I (buy) a washing machine and I must say it (make) washing day much less exhausting. It only takes me an hour now. Mrs White: I don't like washing machines. I always (do) my washing by hand and I intend to go on doing it. I always (find) it very satisfying work. 36 Tom: Don't you think it's time we (have) something different for, Sunday dinner? Ann: But we (have) roast beef for Sunday dinner ever since we (get married. Your mother (tell) me that you (be) particularly fond of roast beef. Tom: But my mother (be) dead for five years and in those five year my tastes (change).
Ex. 76 Translate the following into English concentrating on the use of the Present Perfect and the Past Indefinite:
1. Она была одна, когда вошел ее муж. Он с удивлением оглядел комнату. «Что это?» — спросил он. — «Я переехала». Она улыбнулась ему. — «Дом еще не готов. Ты не можешь этого сделать». — «Я уже сделала это». 2. Когда Молли вошла в комнату, я сказал: «Я принес мой старый альбом с марками. Вашего мужа я встретил на крыльце. Он попросил меня оставить его вам». 3. «Добрый день, — сказал он. — Можно мне повидать Мэри?» — «Ее здесь нет, — ответила ее мать. — У меня был с ней разговор, который ей не понравился, и она уехала». 4. «Я позвонила доктору», — сказала его сестра, входя в комнату. Когда Роберт пришел в себя, он спросил: «Ты сказала, что позвонила доктору? Останови его, если можно. Я совсем здоров. Я просто не могу себе представить, почему я потерял сознание». 5. «Где он? Я должен его увидеть». — «Он ушел в лес». 6. «Отец внизу?» — «Да». — «Он ходил к Смитам?» — «Да». — «Что сказал м-р Смит?» — «Отец его не видел». 7. Она встала из-за стола. «Я должна пойти запереть калитку. Уже стемнело». 8. «Посмотри, — сказал он, держа по щетке в каждой руке, — что мой двоюродный братец подарил мне! Он оставил их на моем туалетном столике». 9. Мальчик вышел и четким голосом прочитал стишок. Его мать заговорила первой. «Подойди сюда, — сказала она ему. — Кто научил тебя этому?» — «Я сам его придумал», — ответил мальчик. 10.Моей одежды нет в комнате. Они ее унесли. 11.Он сорвал цветок. «Посмотри, что я сделал», — сказал он. — «Зачем ты это сделал?» — «Я не знаю». 12.Что я сделал такого, чтобы так сильно рассердить отца? 13. Затем они все прошли в столовую и заняли свои места за столом. «А брат и я уже завтракали, — вдруг воскликнула Мег, — я совсем забыла». 14.Молли, случилось что-то ужасное. У соседей на крыльце нашли младенца. 15.Говорят, что девушка и ее тетка продали свой домик и уезжают куда-то к родственникам.
1 Alexander, L G. Longman English Grammar / L G Alexander. – Pearson Education Limited, 2004. – 360.
2 Саакян, А. С. Упражнения по грамматике современного английского языка / А. С. Саакян. – М.: Рольф, 2001. – 448 с.
3 Крылова, И. П. Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка: учебное пособие для ин-тов и фак. иностр. яз. / И. П. Крылова. – М.: КДУ, 2004. – 432 с.
4 Swan, M. Practical English usage / M. Swan. – Oxford University Press, 2008. – 654 p.
5 Eastwood, John. Oxford Practice Grammar / John Eastwood. – Oxford University Press, 1999. – 441 p.
Walker, Elaine. Grammar Practice for Upper-Intermediate Students / Elaine Walker, S. Elsworth. – Pearson Education Limited, 2001. – 2009
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