Плотникова Надежда Яковлевна
Загатова Сауле Базыловна
ПОСОБИЕ ПО РАЗВИТИЮ УСТНОЙ РЕЧИ
Отв. за выпуск Н.Б. Снаговская
Редактор Н.Я. Плотникова
Компьютерная верстка Н.В. Софичук
Подписано в печать Формат Бум. Типогр.№
Усл. печ. л. Уч.– изд. л. Заказ Тираж
Отпечатано с готового набора в Акмолинском ЦНТИ:
010008, г. Астана, ул. Можайского, 5а
Переработать для казахского издания
Education and Bringing Up Children
1. Why do you go to school / university? Number these reasons in their order of importance (1 - most important, 12 - least important:
__to acquire general knowledge;
__to prepare for a job;
__to meet other young people;
__to train one's memory;
__to learn something about subjects one will not deal with again later;
__to find out what one is really interested in;
__to give one's parents some peace and quiet;
__to test one's intelligence;
__to learn how to study and work with books;
__to have a good time;
__to be kept dependent;
__to learn discipline and order;
What kinds of pupils / students do you find it difficult to teach? Why?
Look at the list of factors contributing to a teacher's job satisfaction.
A. Number them in order of their importance to you:
___ security of tenure
___ long holidays
___ a good salary
___ well - motivated students
___ a good pension
___ a pleasant school building
___ a sense of achievement
___ a supportive head teacher
___ good school equipment
B. How satisfying do you find a teaching job? Why?
4. Read the text:
Teachers and Actors
To be a good teacher, you need some of the gifts of the good actor; you must be able to hold the attention and interest of your audience; you must be a clear speaker, with a good, strong, pleasing voice which is fully under your control; and you must be able to act what you are teaching, in order to make its meaning clear.
Watch a good teacher, and you will see that he doesn't sit motionless before his class: he stands the whole time he is teaching; he walks about, using his arms, hands and fingers to help him in his explanations, and his face to express feelings.
Listen to him, and you will hear the loudness, the quality and the musical note of his voice always changing according to what he is talking about.
The fact that a good teacher has some of the qualities of a good actor doesn't mean that he will indeed be able to act well on the stage; for there are very important differences between the teacher's work and that of the actor’s. The actor has to speak words which he has learnt by heart; he has to repeat exactly the same words each time he plays a certain part; even his movements and the ways in which he uses his voice are usually fixed before. What he has to do is to make all these carefully learnt words and actions seem natural on the stage.
A good teacher works in quite a different way. His audience takes an active part in his play: they ask and answer questions. The teacher, therefore, has to understand the needs of his audience which is his class. He cannot learn his part by heart, he must invent it as he goes along. I have known many teachers who were fine actors in class but were unable to take part in a stage-play.....
5. Translate the following phrases into Kazakh:
A.to give background knowledge; to possess an adequate level of personal education; to have a sufficient command of the subject he teaches; to give information about teaching means and methodology; to give extensive liberal education; (not) to admit a person who marks himself out as unsuitable to teaching; to display a keen interest in teaching; inadequately low level of professional orientation; poor grounding in the essentials of a child's psychology and development; a gap between school and college; no strict criteria for admission to colleges of education.
B.inability to anticipate the occupational hazards of teaching; unawareness of the emotional impact children make on teachers; to display emotional maturity; to have a wide experience of life; to move with the times; ability to control the teaching process; to possess an individual approach to pupils; ability to manage the classroom activities properly; to stimulate smb. to creative, productive work; to have the capacity to arouse smb's interest; to involve and excite; to exhibit unusual intellectual curiosity; tend to be critical; to have a way with children; to have insight into one's psychology; to hold the attention of the students.
6. Give word combinations to characterize qualities of a good teacher:
7. Answer the questions:
1. How can you describe a clear speaker?
2. How can you make the meaning of a new topic clear?
3. What does a teacher employ to help in his explanations?
4. What makes teachers and actors akin?
5. What qualities are necessary to become a good teacher?
6. What can a good teacher do that an actor can't?
7. Give a character sketch of a good teacher.
8. Make up your own sentences with the following:
the gifts of the good actor; to be fully under control; a gap between school and college; to hold the attention of the pupils;
to be unsuitable to teaching; to give background knowledge; to possess an adequate level of personal education; to have a sufficient command of the subject; to admit a person to the university.
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