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Материально-техническое обеспечение дисциплины и перечень используемого программного обеспечения





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[1] Editions of this book continued to appear until 1858. Cf. R. C. Pooley, Teaching English Grammar, New York, 1957. Reminis­cences of Latin paradigms of the declension of nouns and their imitations in English may be met with occasionally in English literature. Cf. the address to a mouse in Carroll's Alice's Adven­tures in Wonderland and the following extract from J. Galsworthy's Swan Song: "Under her breath, she declined the creaking noun who was preceding her to the dining-room: 'Smither: О Smither: Of a Smither: To a Smither: A. Smither.' Silly!" (J. Galsworthv, Swan Song, M, 1956, p. 68).

 

[3] Poldauf, On the History of Some Problems of English Grammar before 1800, Praha, 1948, p. 47, 242.

[4] In describing the results of the works of grammarians of different periods, we shall dwell on a few crucial problems, the solution of which was typical of the attitude of the grammarians towards the description of linguistic facts, such as the classifica­tion of the parts of speech, the problem of the number of cases in English and the syntactic system.

[5] Wilkins. An Essay towards a Real Character and a Phil­osophical Language, London, 1668

[6] For a more detailed analysis of the study of word groups in English grammars see: B. Burlakova, Contribution of English and American Linguists to the Theory of Phrase, M., 1971.

[7] R. Lowth, A Short Introduction. to English Grammar, Lon­don, 1775, p. X.

[8] See A. Baugh, A History of the English Language, New York —London, 1935, p. 341.

[9] For a more detailed analysis of the study of word groups in English grammars see: B. Burlakova, Contribution of English and American Linguists to the Theory of Phrase, M., 1971.

[10] O. Jespersen, Mankind, Nation and Individual from a Lin­guistic Point of View, London, 1946, p. II4

[11] Ch. Dickens, Sketches by Boz, London, 1895, p. 225.

[12] This term was also borrowed from logic where it denoted some essential or non-essential attribute or quality, etyaelogically; "added or joined to".

13 L. Murray, English Grammar Adapted to the Different Classes of Learners, York, 1813, p. 56.

 

 

[14] This term was also borrowed from logic where it denoted some essential or non-essential attribute or quality, etymologically; "added or joined to".

[15] Ch. C. Fries, The Periphrastic Future with shall and will in Modern English, PMLA, LXL, No. 4, 1925.

[16] P. Roberts, Understanding English, New York, 1958* p.. 137.

— 18 —

[17] A. Bain, A Higher English Grammar, London, 1896, p. II, 265 (1st ed. 1863).

[18] E. g. B. Hathaway states that "...the concept of "modifica­tion" is deeply rooted in our thinking..." B. Hathaway, A Trans­formational Syntax, New York, 1967, p. 161.

[19] See for instance R. A. Peters, A Linguistic History of Eng­lish, New York, 1968, p. 193 and O. Thomas, Transformational Grammar and the Teacher of English, London, 1969, p.

[20] E. g. B. Hathaway states that "...the concept of "modifica­tion" is deeply rooted in our thinking..." B. Hathaway, A Trans­formational Syntax, New York, 1967, p. 161.



s Ibid., p. 5.

[22] Ibid., p. 1—2. Sweet mentions three methods of explaining the phenomena of language —by the help of (a) historical gram­mar, (b) comparative grammar and (c) general grammar.

[23] O. Jespersen, Essentials of English Grammar, London, 1933, p. 19—20 Jespersen believes that the explanations may, according to circumstances, be phonetic or psychological or both combined or historical to a certain extent.

s Ibid., p. 5.

[25] R. C. Poolev, op. cit.. p. 110.

[26] As noted by H. A. Gleason (Linguistics and English Gram­mar, New York, 1965, p. 72), numerous other books continue the same tradition and are most heavily indebted to Nesfield, either directly or indirectly.

[27] F. T. Wood, The Groundwork of English Grammar, London, 1957, p. 333.

- 29 -

[28] F. T. Wood, The Groundwork of English Grammar, London, 1957, p. 333.

- 29 -

[29] Ch. C. Fries, op. cit., p. 2.

[30] Ibid., p. IX.

[31] H. Whitehall, Structural Essentials of English, New York, 1956, p. VI.

* Ibid., p. 109.

[33] P. Diderichsen, The Importance of Distribution Versus Other

[34] The method of substitution has been used in English grammars since the 1750’s. In D. Farro’s Universal British Grammar it is the principal method of the material, also in a well-known 20th-century grammar of

[35] For a description of the most typical transformations besides those represented in our selections, see N. F. Irtenyeva, О. M. Bar-sova, N. J. Bloch, A. P. Shapkin, A Theoretical English Grammar (Syntax), M„ 1969, chapters 7—9.

[36] For a description of the most typical transformations besides those represented in our selections, see N. F. Irtenyeva, О. M. Bar-sova, N. J. Bloch, A. P. Shapkin, A Theoretical English Grammar (Syntax), M„ 1969, chapters 7—9.

[37] E. "Bach, An Introduction- to Transformational Grammars, New York, 1964, p. 33.

 

[38] N. Chomsky, Cartesian Linguistics, New York, 1966, p. 99.

[39] N. Chomsky, Introduction, p. XII.

[40] N. Chomsky, Cartesian Linguistics, New York, 1966, p. 99.

[41] J. Nist, A Structural History of English, New York, 1966, p. 389; B. Hathaway, op. cit., p. 17.

[42] В.В.Виноградов «Русский язык», М.1947

[43] The term was suggested by O.Jespersen to avoid adding another connotation to the word verbal. M.Bryant calls it one of Jespersen’s best contributions to terminology.

[44] Ганшина М.А. и Василевская Н.М. «English Grammar», p.130, Moscow,1964.

[45] Б.А.Ильиш «The Structure of Modern English». p.92 (English Tenses).

[46] O. Jespersen “The philosophy of Grammar”, p.254.

[47] Г.Н.Воронцова, «Очерки по грамматике английского языка» 1960г., стр. 191.

[48] А.И.Смирницкий «Перфект и категория временной отнесённости». «Иностранные языки в школе». 1955г. №1,2





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