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Ex. 226. English lessons. What do you have to do in your English lessons? Say twelve

sentences with have toor don’t have to.


vocabulary We have to learn vocabulary.

read long books We don’t have to read long books.


1 learn poems 12 learn by heart

2 write exercises 13 translate

3 learn songs 14 learn grammar rules

4 speak English 15 make up long dialogues

5 read aloud 16 use a dictionary

6 write compositions 17 do projects

7 play games 18 write vocabulary

8 draw pictures 19 watch video

9 go to the blackboard 20 listen to the tapes

10 make reports 21 make surveys

11 read newspapers 22 answer questions in English


Ex. 227. Complete these sentences with the right tense of have to.


1 Carol wasn’t feeling well, so she ______________ go home.

2 We _____________go or we’ll miss the 8.30 train.

3 We _________________ win the next match to stay in the tournament.

4 I _________________ borrow my sister’s black shoes last night.

5 Uncle Victor hasn’t come, so we _________________ do all his work.

6 You ________________ tell Mr Hayley tomorrow.

7 You _____________ wait for the traffic to stop before you cross the street.

8 Ophelia _____________ stay in her bowl all the time.

9 Uncle Jim ________________ learn English when he went to America.

10 Jimmy couldn’t mend his bicycle, so he ______________ take it to the bicycle repair shop.


Ex. 228. Fill in “have to”, “has to”, “don’t /doesn’t have to”, “didn’t have to”

“had to” or “won’t have to”.


1. It’s Sunday tomorrow so I _____won’t have to__________________ get up early.

2. There’s no school tomorrow, so the children ________________________ go to bed early.

3. We went to a restaurant yesterday, so we ___ cook.

4. Let’s clean up now, so we _______ do it tomorrow.

5. It rained yesterday, so she ______water the flowers.

6. Lucy feels better now, so she __ take the medicine.

7. You’ve got plenty of time. You __________ hurry.

8. He ____________ shout or else she can’t hear him.

9. It was very cold yesterday, so I ______ wear a coat.

10. She _________ wear glasses or else she can’t read.

11. I can’t go out tonight. I ______ study for my exam.

12. I took the dog for a walk this morning, so you _____________________ take it out tonight.

13. My car doesn’t work, so I _________ take the train.

14. I broke my tooth, so I _ go to the dentist’s yesterday.

Ex. 229. Make questions with have to.


1. Tom had to go to the police station. (Why)

2. Mary had to leave yesterday. (What time exactly)

3. They’ll have to answer a lot of questions at the exams. (How many question)

4. Ann has to wear glasses. (Why)

5. He had to look up a few words in the dictionary. (What for)

6. My aunt had to wait for her train yesterday. (How long)

7. The girl has to take some books from the library. (What books)

8. We had to send for the doctor last night. (What doctor)

9. You’ll have to get there as quickly as possible. (Where)

10. I had to get up early yesterday. (When)



Ex. 230. Insert must / have to / had to into the following sentences.


1. She _________ leave home at eight every morning at present.

2. I never remember his address; I always ____________ look it up.

3. If you go to a dentist with a private practice you __________ pay him quite a lot of money.

4. The buses were full; I ____________ get a taxi.

5. When I changed my job I ____________ move to another flat.

6. She sees very badly; she ____________ wear glasses all the time.

7. If you buy that TV-set you ___________ buy a licence for it.

8. Attention! Cameras, sticks and umbrellas _____________ be left at the desk.

9. I got lost and I ___________ ask a policeman the way.

10. Whenever the dog wants to go out I ___________ get up and open the door.

11. You __________ read this book. It’s really excellent.

12. In my district there is no gas laid on. People ____________ use electricity for everything.

Ex. 231. Combine the verb must with the proper form of the infinitive in brackets.


1. She must (to be angry) with me. She left without saying good-bye.

2. Mary must (to be ill), otherwise she would have come.

3. It must (to be) a fearful shock to her. – Indeed, it was.

4. The visitor was wearing an old style greatcoat that must (to cost) a hundred and fifty dollars


5. The pianist is playing a piece that hasn’t been announced. They must (to change)

the programme.

6. I’ll get your things out of the hotel. You must not (to stay) here tonight.

7. He must (to take) a lot of photos when he was on the island.

8. You haven’t eaten for hours. You must (to be) hungry.

9. Mrs Cromwell took us round the yacht. There was no doubt that it must (to cost) her a lot of


10. “You must (to be) right,” I said.

11. They must (to hear) that John was in London.

12. This seems to be a valuable ring. Since you wear it always, it must (to be) valuable to you.

13. They must not (to miss) the train. Otherwise they would have come back.

14. There must not (to be) anybody at home now.


Ex. 232. Look at these sentences. Three of them are correct and three are wrong.

Find the correct ones, and rewrite the wrong ones.


1. He didn’t have to go to Moscow last week. ________

2. You don’t must wait here. _____________________

3. Anyone can go to a shop, but you mustn’t buy anything. _____________________________

4. You must breathe to live. ______________________

5. He had to catch the 6.35 train. __________________

6. They can’t go today. They have wait till tomorrow.





Ex. 233. Express prohibition using mustn’t.


1. I’m talking very seriously, Pat, I’m quite serious, really. (laugh) __ You mustn’t laugh___.

2. You are running a temperature, Mary. I think, it’s flu. (go out) _________________________.

3. Don’t enter the bedroom. Larry is sleeping. (disturb him) _____________________________.

4. This book is very valuable. You (lose it) __________.

5. I’m speaking with Mr Brown. You (interrupt) ______.

6. This is the English lesson, Pam. You (speak Russian) _______________________________.

7. The classes start at 9 o’clock. You (be late) ________.

8. There is a snack-bar in the Institute. You (eat in the classroom) ________________________.

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