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What is the sexist pronoun war?

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Historically, the masculine pronoun has been used when the gender of the antecedent is unknown, or if both genders are represented. Many old proverbs illustrate it: "He laughs best who laughs last." "He who hesitates is lost." "He who plays the piper calls the tune." Some women see this as evidence of patriarchal domination. Others just don't like it. Often you can rewrite your sentence and avoid the problem altogether — make the verb and pronoun plural, for example — but sometimes rewriting isn't possible. Proposed alternatives include s/he and he or she, both of which interrupt the flow of the sentence and seem to be making a political point in the middle of whatever you are trying to say. Be aware that using the masculine pronoun may offend some people. Also be aware that the smooth flow of your sentence may be at stake. We solve the problem by alternating he and she ... it isn't a perfect solution, but it isn't a perfect world. The language may evolve, giving us a better option in the future.

(from "Grammar Smart")

Ex. 130.Read the following sentences and give their equivalents in Russian

1. For each man under the sun life is a game. 2. Every medal has two sides. 3. Every dog has his day. 4. Everything comes to him who waits. 5. Every man is the architect of his own fortune. 6. Everybody's business is nobody's business. 7. Every little helps. 8. Everything must have a beginning. 9. Everything has an end. 10. He was every inch a gentleman. 11. Every cloud has a silver lining. 12. This is America! Count every vote!

Ex. 131.Insert every or each

1. ... morning my Mom left lists a mile long for ... of us, there was so much work to do about the house. 2. Opening my bag I took out two envelopes with Dad printed across their fronts in childlike letters. Handing them to Andrew, I said, "Lissa and Jamie have ... written you a card."3. She had a present for ... child. 4. We ... have our private views about it. 5.1 loved ... minute of it. 6. They were all just sitting there, ... of them thinking private thoughts. 7. Rosie changed the subject ... time it was raised. 8. She offered us a tin of biscuits and my sister and I had one ... . 9. The government changes ... five years. 10.1 had only two suitcases, but ... weighed over twenty kilos. 11. She has ... chance of success in the life she has chosen. 12. We only save enough money to take a real vacation ... other year. 13. We saw three young elephants, ... the size of a car. 14. ... of you should sign the register before you leave. 15. ... child should be educated. It's a must. 16. He inspected ... of the cars which were in the garage. 17. We have ... completed our work.

Ex. 132.Translate into English

1.Мы встречаемся с друзьями каждый Новый год. 2. Каждого студента экзаменуют два раза в год. 3. Каж­дой девушке хочется выйти замуж. У каждой свой иде­ал. 4. Они ждут гостей с минуты на минуту. 5. Каждо­го солдата похвалили за храбрость, и каждому дали ме­даль. 6. Двое из них не пришли на встречу, у каждого была серьезная причина. 7. Каждый член команды дол­жен пройти медицинский осмотр перед каждым мат­чем. 8. У каждого из нас свои привычки. 9. Не каж­дая женщина может стать судьей. 10. В этой семье у каждого своя машина. 11. Эти журналы стоят пятьде­сят рублей каждый. 12. Он до мозга костей поэт. 13. Он бреется каждый третий день. 14. У нас две комнаты, каждая с балконом. 15. Каждая из книг была помече­на. 16. Я очень многому научился у каждого из вас.

Ex. 133.Insert either or neither

1.1 was expecting you ... today or tomorrow. 2. He spoke ... English nor French. 3. — Which one do you want? —I don't want... . 4. We can meet ... at six or at seven. 5. Nelly has two friends. ... is in town now. 6. The weather is ... cold nor warm today. 7. Doctor, you are not being ... frank or fair. 8. — Which one do you want? — I don't want ... . 9. There was no sound from ... of the flats. 10. She ... drinks, smokes, nor eats meat. 11. In ... case the answer is the same. 12. They may be ... here or there.


Ex. 134.Translate into English.

1. Знаменитая певица приехала на фестиваль с телох­ранителем с каждой стороны. 2. Обе книги интерес­ные. Возьми любую. 3. — Что ты будешь пить: чай или кофе? — Ни то, ни другое. Я буду пить сок. 4. В каждом конце коридора стояла пальма. 5. Ни один из моих двух сыновей не играет на музыкальном ин­струменте. 6. Я тоже не знаю, где он живет. 7. Сделай это либо сегодня, либо завтра. 8. На каждом берегу реки стояли маленькие деревянные домики. 9. — Я не люблю пиво. — Мой муж тоже. 10. Родители Та­раса не будут смотреть фильм ужасов в субботу. Та­рас тоже не будет его смотреть.


Ex. 135.Read and translate the sentences. Comment on the words in bold type.

1. She was now listening to whoever it was on the otherend of the line. 2. And now let's go in and join the others.3. However, there were other matters fpr us grown-ups to consider. 4. All European languages belong to the same family except for Finnish, Hungarian, Basque and one or two others.5. Bees carry pollen from one plant to another.6. The boxers went on hitting each other.7. Some books are useful to read, othersare just a waste of time. 8. He produced two films. One became a classic, the other passed unnoticed. 9. My Dad says he needs anothercar. 10. Some people are bitterly frustrated when this happens. Othersare not. 11. One man's meat is anotherman's poison. 12. I've got anotherthree books 81

to read. 13. On the one hand it is true, on the othernot quite. 14. In 1900 the Uffizi gallery in Florence had 2,395 paintings on display. Today it shows just 500. The othersare locked away, almost never seen.


Ex. 136.Translate into English.

1. Мы встречались на днях. Мы давно не видели друг друга. 2. Это, так сказать, оборотная сторона медали. 3. В моей группе было двенадцать студентов. Четверо были иностранцы, остальные москвичи. 4. У них две дочери. Одной семь лет, другой пять. 5. Одни блюда легко готовить, другие нет. 6. Мы неправильно друг друга поняли. Дайте мне еще один шанс. 7. У нас два балкона. Один выходит на юг, другой на восток. 8. Мы изучаем много предметов. Одни нам интересны, дру­гие нет. 9. Закрой один глаз, потом другой. 10. Де­вочка шла в школу в первый раз в первый класс. В одной руке у нее был портфель, а в другой букет цве­тов. 11. Некоторые люди нравятся нам, другие нет. 12. — У меня два зонтика. Один красный, а другой черный. — Да, некоторые люди любят яркие цвета, другие темные. 13. Люди не решались смотреть друг на друга. 14. Мне нужно еще раз взглянуть на эту картину. 15. Какие еще сведения вы нам принесли? 16. Дело провалилось, потому что партнеры не дове­ряли друг другу. 17. Люди должны помогать и дове­рять друг другу. 18. Но если меня обидят, то я не ста­ну подставлять другую щеку. 19. Извини, но не было Другого способа сделать это. 20. Я подожду, пока вер­нутся остальные. 21. С одной стороны, это хороший шанс, а с другой стороны, это опасно


Ex. 137.Read and translate the sentences

1. All was quiet in the street. 2. They all live together in the same house. 3. We would all be disappointed if you cancelled the meeting. 4. He was all smiles. 5. Look, give me a chance. That's all I want. 6. Get back to the others and we'll forget the whole thing. 7. They're the 82

best in the whole world. 8. The whole of Europe is in crisis. 9.1 have never told this to anyone else in my whole life. 10. He ate a whole plate of porridge. 11.1 read the whole book in one evening. 12. All is well that ends well.


Ex. 138.Read and translate the sentences. Say what part of speech the word one is in the sentence.

1. Ten minus one is nine. 2. If there was one thing Julie couldn't do without it was tea. 3. I'll have this one, thank you. 4. These trousers aren't as tight as the other ones.

5. We'll discuss it one day when you are feeling better.

6. — Want a drink? — I think I'll have one. 7. Come along now, little ones, off to bed. 8. One can get a free dinner here. 9. People were standing around in ones and twos. 10. It's nearly one o'clock. 11. Goodbye, dear one. 12. Hugh was not one to be easily fooled. 13. One will have to do it oneself then. 14. — Which is your file? — The one on the upper shelf. 15. Constant pain gets one down. 16. One can never tell, but to my mind he could make a fairly good husband.


Ex. 139.Use one or ones instead of the nouns in bold type where |possible.

1. These oranges are tired. Have you got fresher oranges?2. These gloves are a bit tight. Can you show bigger gloves? 3.This shirt is too bright. I need a darker shirt.4.1 looked through the files and took the filewhich I hadn't seen before. 5.1 have had enough ice-cream. Give me no more ice-cream. 6.— Which case is Fred's? — The casewith a tag. 7. The difference between a good doctor and a bad doctorlies in his competence. 8. This advice is more useful than the adviceyou gave me last week. 9. The new manager is much more competent than the managerwe had last year. 10. Today's news is much more encouraging than the newswe got yesterday. 11. I've lost my purse. I'm going to buy a new purseone of these days. 12. The weather this week is no better than the weatherwe had last week.


Ex. 140.Read the proverbs and give their Russian equivalents.

1. One law for the rich and another for the poor. 2. One cannot be in two places at once. 3. One good turn deserves another. 4. One is never too old to learn. 5. One swallow does not make a summer. 6. They brag most who can do least. 7. You cannot have it both ways. 8. They also serve who only stand and wait. 9. You may lead a horse to the water, but you cannot make him drink. 10. You never know what you can do till you try. 11. You scratch my back and I'll scratch yours. 12. One learns by experience.


Ex. 141.Read the dialogue and retell it in indirect speech.

Two of Everything

— Mary, is it true, have you got two houses?

— Oh, yes. I've got one in London and one in the country.

— Oh, me got a very small flat. It's got two rooms, and a kitchen, and a bathroom.

— Poor you! And I've got two television-sets. One upstairs, one downstairs. Both colour of course.

— Marvellous! Our TV is very small. It's black and


— And I've got two cars. They both have stereo radios.

— Oh, my husband's car is very old. He's got a Mini.

— And I've got two villas. One in Spain, and one in


— Gosh, that's wonderful! You are very lucky.

— Well, yes, but I've also got a little problem.

— Pardon, you've got a problem?!

— Yes, it's very embarrassing.

— What is it?

— Well, I've also got two husbands.

Ex. 142.Read the proverbs and give their Russian equivalents.

1. Little by little and bit by bit. 2. A little help is worth a great deal of pity. 3. A little learning is a dangerous thing. 4. Little things please little minds. 5. Little strokes fell great oaks. 6. Many are called but few are chosen. 7. You win a few, you lose a few. 8. More haste, less speed. 9. Least said, soonest mended. 10. Fewer clients, less money.


Ex. 143. Insert (a) few, (a) little.

1. Wait, I'll pick ... roses for you from my garden.

2. ... people could resist such a temptation. 3. The patient has made ... progress in the last couple of weeks. 4. There is ... progress in the business. We must take some measures to improve it. 5. — Could you give me ... information on the trip? — There is ... I can tell you, sir. It's out of the list. 6. Paul put ... coins in the slot, thought ..., and then dialed the number. 7. Let's go to the market and buy ... fruit and ... carrots. 8. There is ... furniture in our country house. We need to buy ... more things. 9. I'm still hungry. I think I'll have ... more fish. 10. When I was a child, we kept ... pigeons in our back yard. 11. If I accept that job, I'll make ... more money.

12. There are ... cars on the road today. It's Sunday. 13. Many questions were asked, but ... were answered. 14. Wait ..., there are still ... things to attend to. 15. Even now there is ... we can do to improve the weather.


Ex. 144. Read and translate the sentences. Comment on the words in bold type.

1. The value of life lies not in the length of days, but in the use we make of them: a man may live long, yet get littlefrom life. 2. She was a woman of great charisma, and few could resist the force of her compelling personality. 3. It is best to listen much,speak little,and not become angry. 4. Lessis more.5. Those fighter pilots, not much older than twenty, had defended England in the skies in 1940 and had been known as "The Few". 6. "Never in the field of human conflict was so muchowed by so manyto so few,"W. Churchill had said in his speech in the House of Commons. 7. She believed that the lesspeople knew about you, the safer you were, for if they knew nothing, they could do you noharm. 8. But few things came as a surprise to Emma anymore. 9. Few doctors doubt now the importance of a diet. 10. If you are more careful, you will make fewerstupid mistakes. 11. She knew now that men like him were among the very few. 12. There are a few matters to attend to. 13. Try to persuade her to eat a little.

Ex, 145.Translate into English

1. У нас осталось мало бананов. Нужно купить немно­го. 2. — Не мог бы ты одолжить мне немного денег? — Извини, но у меня самого мало денег. 3. Почему так мало людей понимает меня? А мне так нужно немного понимания. 4. Признаюсь, я немного шокирована. 5. В баке слишком мало бензина, его хватит только на не­сколько километров. 6. Ты слишком бледная, тебе нуж­но немного косметики. 7. Мало кто знает про этот рес­торанчик, но мы тут уже были несколько раз. 8. Хотя у меня и мало опыта в этом деле, все-таки я могу от­ветить на несколько твоих вопросов. 9. В течение всей зимы у нас так мало солнечного света, всего лишь не­сколько солнечных дней. 10. Осталось мало надежды, никаких признаков корабля. 11. Еще немного терпе­ния, и те несколько вопросов, которые мы должны об­судить, будут решены. 12. Чтобы избежать недомога­ния, ешьте меньше; чтобы продлить жизнь, волнуйтесь меньше. 13. Власть в этой банановой республике на­ходится в руках немногих. Ex. 146. Combine the following words with many or much.

Spaghetti, sheep, a coin, support, traffic, a mug, housework, weather, a slice, knowledge, a notebook, furniture, a language, butter, equipment, a computer, deer, children, progress, scissors, means, linen, a fish, blankets, money, teachers, series, mail, sandwich, toast, make-up, light.

Ex. 147.Make the following sentences interrogative and negative.

1. There is a lot of fruit this year. 2. There are a lot of apple trees in our garden. 3. There are a lot of slang words in his vocabulary. 4. There is a lot of interesting news in today's e-mail. 5. There are a lot of things which you still don't understand. 6. There is a lot of snow in winter in Siberia. 7. There are a lot of sights in every capital. 8. There is a lot of pollution in big cities. 9. We had a lot of fun at the party. 10. There is a lot of sunny weather in Italy. 11. Helen has a lot of good ideas. 12. My elder brother helps me a lot. 13. One should have a lot of patience to catch fish. 14. English people send a lot of cards on Christmas. 15. This journalist wrote a lot of books about famous people.


Ex. 148.Insert a lot (of), lots of, plenty of, much, many, a great deal of.

1.1 wish you all ... good luck. 2. Is there ... oil in the Caspian sea? 3. We bought ... food for the barbecue. 4. Do you have ... homework to do for Saturday? 5. — How ... exams did you have to take? — Quite .... 6. My sister drinks too ... coffee. 7. He is so fat because he eats too ... sandwiches. 8. These days people get... information from (the) Internet. 9. — Oh, Mother, I love him so .... — I think you love him too ... . 10. ... and ... refugees came to Spain * and Italy. 11. There are ... daffodils in England in spring. ; 12. The earthquake caused ... damage to the country. 13. ... of the exhibition was devoted to his later works. 14. It was a big house with ... windows. 15. — Feeling a bit better? — ..., Doctor. ... better. 16. That's happened ... a time to me. 17. The information proved useful to ... people. 18. ... happy returns of the day! 19. Thank you very ... . 20. She doesn't talk about her life ... . 21. Now I feel ... more confident. 22. It is ... less likely. 23. We've got ... time. 25. There are always ... jobs to be done. 26. Take as ... money as you need.

Ex. 149.Read the following proverbs and give their Russian equivalents.

1. Many a little makes a mickle. 2. Many hands make light work. 3. Many kiss the hand they wish to cut off. 4. Many would be cowards if they had courage enough. 5. More than enough is too much. 6. The more you have, the more you want. 7. Too many cooks spoil the broth.

Ex. 150.Translate into English.

1. Компания тратит много денег на оборудование. 2. Есть ли большой спрос на видео? 3. В этом зале мно­го света и воздуха. 4. Ты слишком много думаешь о будущем. 5. В субботу мы смотрели пьесу В. Шекспи­ра «Много шума из ничего». 6. Многие считают, что образование — наилучшее капиталовложение. 7. Боюсь, что у меня сегодня не очень много свободного време­ни. 8. Многое было сделано, чтобы освободить залож­ников. 9. У тебя столько же шансов, как и у каждого из нас. 10. Был жаркий день. Толпы людей спешили в парк. 11. Нас слишком много, а здесь не так уж мно­го места. 12. — У вас много опыта в этой работе? — Весьма. Я много лет работал на «Сони». 13. Это слу­чилось много-много лет назад. 14. На телевидении не так много хороших передач. Очень много сплетен, очень много низкопробных фильмов. Очень многие хорошие фильмы показывают поздно ночью. 15. В те трудные времена так много было сделано для столь многих.

Ex. 151.Use all (all of) or both (both of).

1. The defendants were proved guilty. 2. They were unnaturally silent. 3. They live together in the same house. 4. These are problems of no importance. 5. He and Edith agreed to come. 6. Nick and Nelly would be cross with you if you don't come. 7. The children in the senior group can look after themselves. 8. Father and me can understand your feelings, Martin. 9. We are Indo-Europeans. 10. Her parents are teachers. 11. He got angry with them. 12. We were young, Tom and me. 13. She is fond of you. 14. The prospects excited and worried me.

Ex. 152.Translate into English

1. Все студенты счастливы. Все экзамены позади. 2. Она отдала детям все, что могла. 3. Вы оба мои друзья, я люблю вас обоих. 4. Все люди хотят быть здоровыми и счастливыми. 5. Все люди в зале пели вместе с певицей. 6. Вы оба должны сказать нам прав­ду. 7. Мы все иногда лжем. 8. Я забыла все об этом. 9. Дайте нам шанс — это все, что мы хотим. 10. Все это очень хорошо, но вы оба должны быть очень осто­рожны. 11. Мне совсем не нравится этот район. 12. Рита и Нина, не могли бы вы обе остаться после занятий сегодня? 13. Мы уезжаем, вот и все. 14. У нас есть все основания, чтобы поддержать ваше предло­жение. 15. — Оба главных актера были просто вели­колепны. — Все актеры хорошо играли.

Ex. 153.Insert each other, one another.

1. They can't help themselves, they love ... . 2. The place is full of crazy people who talk to ... all the time and ignore everybody else. 3. They have known ... for years and years. 4. The members of this club meet regularly in ...'s homes. 5. She and John looked at... . 6. He began

opening bottles, ... after ... . 7. We know ..."s minds very well. 8. All the children kept silent. They didn't dare to look at.... 9. She found ... excuse after ... to postpone the meeting. 10. We'll get there ... way or ... . 11. He ate ... sweet after... till the box was empty. 12. They hate

being apart. They phone ... every day. 13. The business failed because the partners distrusted ... .


Ex 154. Read and translate the sentences Comment on the pronouns in bold type.

1. — Whatdress are you going to wear for the dance today? — The one whichI bought in Paris. 2. The old man who(m)you met in the park was my uncle. 3. I do not like people who talk about themselves all the time. 4. Is it the car thatused to belong to your father? 5. She is the biggest liar thatI know. 6.1 need a place whereI can work undisturbed. 7. Whereis the man whoasked for me? 8. We always look forward to Mother's cake, whichshe makes the size of a wheel. 9. We can't believe thatit's true. 10.1 don't know whatyou have promised to the children. 11. We didn't know thatyou had promised Mike a new bicycle. 12. Nora didn't buy anything because she didn't see whatshe wanted. 13. Whatday suits you best? 14. Pizza sounds like just whatI want.


Ex. 155.Insert that or what.

1.... shall we do next? — ... is the question. 2. We all know ... you are! — ... is no secret. 3. A shopaholic! ... is ... you are! 4. Is ......really occurred? 5. Don't you know ... he always does ... he wants? 6. You just don't realize ... you are talking about and ... is very sad. 7. ... embarrassed me is ... none of them ever thought of their mother. 8. Mother is absolutely sure ......you've chosen as your future career is not ... you really should do. 9. We greatly doubt......you say is true. 10. Is ......you really mean? 11. — Money is ... I need. — Everybody says ... they need it. 12. Nobody knows ... will happen in future. 13. Can anyone tell me ... his phone number is? 14.1 fully believe ... she is telling the truth. 15. Just tell me ... you want and I'll get it.


Ex. 156.Insert the necessary pronouns.

1. ... actor must learn his words by heart. 2. ... actor has a different method of learning his lines. 3. Both books are good. You can have ... of them. 4. I've got a few friends but ... lives nearby. 5. There are shops on ... sides of the road. 6. ... professional musician has to practise regularly. 7. He painted several pictures in Italy but ... of them has been found. 8. The Headmistress spoke to ... child in the class individually. 9. Before you leave the coach, please make sure that you have ... your belongings with you. 10. ... my parents are still working. 11. ... of my parents has ever been abroad. 12.1 had the choice of two jobs but ... of them really suited me. 13. We looked in the library and in the canteen but there was no sign of Caroline in ... place. 14. Ben and Sharon looked at ...carefully. ... had changed a lot. 15. ... book on the shelf was a detective story. ... of the books was by Agatha Christie. I looked at them but ... appeared very interesting. 16.Christmas is a holiday that appeals to the child in ... of us.

Ex. 157.Translate into English

1. Люди должны помогать друг другу. 2. Таня и На­стя — двойняшки, и они не могут жить друг без дру­га. 3. — Я голоден. — Я тоже. 4. Никогда ничего нельзя знать наверняка. 5. Ужасно, когда ты не мо­жешь вспомнить чье-либо имя. 6. — Какой арбуз хо­тите купить? — Большой, пожалуйста. 7. — Мне нуж­на пара туфель. — А как насчет тех, что ты купила месяц назад? — Они уже не мои, моя сестренка носит их. 8. Откройте дверь, дети, это я, ваша няня. 9. Они построили дом сами. Никто им не помогал. 10. Они для себя построили дом. 11. Призы были вручены самим президентом. 12. Все дети любят сказки. 13. Всем детям очень понравилась сказка. 14. У муж­чин, как правило, мало терпения. 15. Немного терпе­ния, и все будет в порядке. 16. — Еще немного сала­та? — Больше мне не нужно, спасибо. 17. Многие пы­тались открыть эту тайну, многое все еще остается неясным. 18. Ни одно из двух предложений мне не подходит. Они оба неинтересны. 19. Бабушка поцело­вала меня сначала в одну щечку, потом в другую.

Chapter IV.


Ex. 158.Give the right form of the figures in brackets in letters.

1. My birthday is on ... of.... 2. They got flat (40) on (5) floor in house (123). 3. Find file (11) and correct (2) sentence. 4. Catherine (2) put a monument to Peter (1) in St. Petersburg. 5. — What's the date today? — It's ... of ... today. 6. Read (3) paragraph. 7. My son is (21) today. 8. They are celebrating their (15) anniversary on Saturday. 9. Take (1) turning to the right. 10. You'll find text (12) on (30) page. 11. We live on (6) floor. 12. Is (2) o'clock all right with you? 13. There are more than (200) languages spoken in Nigeria. 14. A (1000) is a (1000) years. 15. In the jungle we were attacked by (1 000 000) of mosquitoes. 16. If you need money badly, we can give you a loan of (200) dollars. 17. Will you give me (2) chance? 18. (2) song will certainly become a hit. 19. He was said to have salted away (4 000 000) dollars. 20. There are (300) kinds of macaroni in Italy. 21. Statistics say that more than (4 000 000) adults in Britain have trouble with reading and writing.


Ex. 159.How do you say these numbers in English? Write your answers after each one

1. 462

2. 2 1/2

3. 2,345

4. 6.75

5. 0.25

6. 3 1/3

7. 1,250.000

8. 10,04

9. 47 %

10. 10 September

11. 3 July

12. 602 8477 (phone number)

13. -5° Centigrade

14. In 1903

15. In 2001

16. 0.7

Ex. 160.Insert the right article if necessary

1. Today in court we are listening to ... case 243. 2. ... second part of the book was much more interesting than ... first one. 3. ... participle one is used for building up progressive tenses. 4. ... second participle is used to build up Passive forms. 5. ... flight 579 starts at five sharp. 6. The planes came again for ... second attack. 7. Let's regard it as ... first step, just ... beginning. 8. It was ... first-night and the actors were nervous. 9. ... exercise 27 begins at ... page 44. 10. ... year passed, then ... second, and ... third, but there was still no news. 11. They agreed to meet on ... Fifth Avenue near ... building No. 112. 12. ... two years in Africa taught him a lot. 13. ... flat 55 is on ... fifth floor. 14. The room was at ... sixes and sevens. 15. This style was in fashion in ... eighties. 16. It was ... fifty-fifty deal. 17. She was ... third-year medical student.


Ex. 161.Write answers to these problems

1. 23 and 36 is... . 2. 24 times 8 is ... . 3. 80 minus 20 is ... . 4. 65 divided by 13 is ... . 5. Add 10 and 6,multiply by 8, then subtract 40 and divide by 11. What have you got left?6. Divide 33 by 11,multiply by 7,and subtract 16. What number is left?


Ex. 162. Answer these questions Write your answers in words

1. When were you born? 2. How much do you weigh? 3. What is the number of the flat or the house where you live? 4. Is that an odd or an even number? 5. What is the approximate population of your town? 6. What is the approximate population of your country? 7. What is the normal temperature of a healthy person? 8. How many kilometers are there in a mile? 9. How many years are there in a millennium?


Ex. 163. Read and translate the sentences Comment on the words In bold type

1. She is a second cousinof Mark's father. 2. He was quite certain she had no need or desire to meet with him a second time. 3.Edvina returned to her book without giving her mother a second glance or a second thought.4. It's said that everything goes in threes. 5.And then,

to be a second wifewas so much more difficult than to be a first. 6. I'm glad they've gone to Venice for a second honeymoon.7. He was heavily defeated in a second roundof local elections. 8. In the bookshop to his delight Maxim spotted a copy of "The Young Lions" by Irwin Shaw, his favourite writer. It was a firstedition, published in 1948. 9. Over the years I have acquired a sixth senseabout my mother's mood. 10. Is it possible to find a second job? 11. A third clerkleft her desk and prepared to leave. 12. Without a second thoughtBlackie said urgently, "I have a solution, Emma! Marry me!" 13. The boy slopped through the ledge on all fours.14.1 think it's better this way, that we go out in twosand threes— less noticeable, for one thing. 15.1 was worried. Everything seemed to be at sixes and sevens.16.1 began, as they say, to put two and two together. 17. A first class collegeoffers you the highest standards of educating. 18. Elevensesis a light snack that you have in the middle of the morning.

Ex. 164.Translate into English.

1. Я родился 31 декабря, так что это двойной празд­ник для меня. 2. Ум хорошо, а два лучше. 3. Конференц зал находится на четвертом этаже. 4. Школа №1236 находится на 15-й Парковой улице. 5. Дело номер 587 слушается в шестой комнате. 6. Седьмая часть прибыли этой фирмы идет на благотворитель­ность. 7. — Как насчет второй чашечки кофе? — Спа­сибо, одной достаточно. 8. Он сделал вторую, третью попытку, и лишь четвертая увенчалась успехом. 9. У них большая семья. Вторая машина не помешала бы. 10. В гараже две машины. Одна папина, а вторая мо­его старшего брата. 11. Александр закончил школу в 2001 году. 12. Кто говорит, что третий лишний? На­оборот, бог троицу любит. 13. Сейчас я перечитываю «Тысячу и одну ночь». 14. Население этого города — семь миллионов человек. 15. Первая любовь не забы­вается. 16. Они встретились на премьере. 17. Давай устроим чай на двоих, хорошо? 18. Книгами А. Крис­ти зачитываются миллионы. 19. Многим нравятся фильмы шестидесятых. 20. Ему было где-то ближе к пятидесяти. 21. Мои друзья живут на Третьей улице Строителей. 22. Дети пробрались через изгородь на четвереньках. 23. Вода покрывает четыре пятых зем­ной поверхности. 24. В Ватикане 11 500 комнат. 25. В республике Сан-Марино живет всего 20 000 жителей.

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