THE SEQUENCE OF TENSES
Ex. 309. A. Change the sentences into reported speech according to the model
Model. Miranda says, "I work for a small publishing house." — Miranda says (that) she works for a small publishing house.
1. I'm going to work in England next year. 2. I'm their marketing manager. 3. The company has opened an office in London. 4. Up till now I've been very successful in my career. 5. I've been chosen to run the new office in London. 6. I'm studying English in the evenings. 7.1 don't have much time to enjoy myself. 8.1 haven't had lunch with a friend for ages. 9.1 hope my friends will come and visit me in London. 10.1 went there last week with my secretary. 11. We didn't have much time for sightseeing. 12.1 have to get back to work now.
B. Tell your friend what Miranda said
Ex 310.You are being interviewed for a job and are asked the owing questions When you come back home, tell your parents fiat questions you were asked
1. How old are you? 2. Where do you live? 3. What's your address? 4. What school did you go to? 5. When did you leave school? 6. Where are you working now? 7. Who are you working for? 8. How long have you been working? 9. Are you enjoying your present job? How big is your salary? 10. Why do you want to leave?
Ex 311. Translate into English
I. Интересно, который сейчас час. 2. Кто-нибудь может сказать мне, в чем дело? 3. Сейчас уже никто не может вспомнить, чья это ^5ыла идея. 4. Пожалуйста, скажите мне, куда идет этот автобус. 5. Интересно, чем он зарабатывает на жизнь. 6. Мы должны спросить кого-нибудь, где находится вокзал. 7. Тебе придется сказать нам, каковы твои ближайшие планы. 8. Ты можешь объяснить-мне, что тебе нужно? 9. В деканате вам скажут, когда заканчивается семестр. 10. Полиция не знает, чья это машина. Она без номеров.
II. Спроси кого-нибудь, какой сегодня день. 12. Вы не понимаете, как это серьезно.
Ex .312.Read the jokes and retell them in indirect speech
1. If an Englishman gets run down by a truck, he apologizes to the truck.
2. A foreign visitor to England is completely baffled by the language and struggles with the pronunciation of words such as "enough", "bough" and "though". He usually gives up altogether when he reads a local newspaper headline "Fete Pronounced Success".
3. An American tourist comes to London to stay at a top hotel. He picks up the phone one morning and asks for room service. He says, "I want three overdone fried eggs that are hard as a rock, toast that is burnt to a cinder and a cup of black coffee that tastes like mud."
"I'm sorry, sir," replies room service, "we don't serve breakfast like that." "Well, you did yesterday!"
4. An old woman from the country is visiting the big city for the first time in her life. She checks in at a smart hotel and lets the bellboy take her bags. She follows him but as the door closes, her face falls. "Young man," she says angrily. "I may be old and straight from the hills, but I ain't stupid. I paid good money and this room won't do at all. It's short of what I expected. It's too small and there's no proper ventilation. Why, there's not even a bed!"
"Ma'am," replies the bellboy, "this isn't your room. It's the elevator!"
Ex. 313.Read and translate the sentences Comment on the use of the Future in the Past
1. He knew that their paths would cross again. 2. Emma hoped that the baby would be a girl. 3.1 promised Edwina I would help her to dress the tree. 4. I knew you would do the right thing. I trusted you. 5. Maggie was a kind of woman a man wouldn't look at twice. 6. And he often thought that if he was lucky he would meet another woman one day and fall in love. He would get married again. And hopefully there would be a wife, a home, a family, and his own business. 7. He knew that with Frank in Venice, for a few days he would be able to shake his depression, and recharge his batteries completely. 8. The knowledge that she would have to leave him was an agony. She prayed to God every night that Sigi would succeed in getting the child out of Germany.
Ex. 314.Change the sentences into indirect speech Use the verbs in brackets
1. Smile, and say Cheese! (ask) 2. Now then, darling, don't cry! (beg) 3. Never trust a stranger! (advise) 4. Freeze! Dismiss! (command) 5. Never, never answer me back! (order) 6. Don't let's stand here in the middle of the road, (offer) 7. Open your mouth wide and say R! (ask) 182
8. Don't cheat like a crook, (warn) 9. Don't pull the cat's tail! He may scratch you. (order) 10. Make haste slowly, (advise) 11. Relax, it's not the end of the world, (recommend) 12. Now don't get me wrong, (warn) 13. Never say "never", (advise) 14. Welcome to Jurassic Park, (invite)
Ex 315.Change the sentences into indirect speech
1.1 confess that I'm a shopaholic. 2. Let me tell you that every time I see you, I'm shining like a candle in the night. 3. He is terribly sorry for the things he has done. 4. It's a beautiful fish, we shall let it go. 5. I'm sorry to say that I don't believe you and I never will. 6. The inspector worked hard, but it didn't get him anywhere. 7. This film is a work of fiction. 8. Can you kiss me goodbye? 9. We are having a very lazy time. 10. David saw a flying saucer last summer. 11. — I have a chronic headache. My organism needs a painkiller. — Take this pill. It will have an immediate effect. Though it may have some side effects as well.
Ex 316. Retell the following jokes in indirect speech
1. Dentist: Stop screaming! I haven't touched your tooth yet.
Barry: I know, but you're standing on my foot.
2. What are two reasons why men don't mind their own business? 1. no mind 2. no business.
3. Bill: Why the glum look?
Stan: I just don't understand today's world. My son wears an earring. My daughter has a tattoo. My wife makes twice what I do.
Bill: So what are you going to do?
Stan: I'm going home to my father.
4. When he found a six-year-old shoe-repair ticket in the pocket of an old suit, Brown called the shop to see if the shoes were still around.
"Were they black wing tips needing half soles?" asked a clerk.
"Yes," said Brown. "We'll have them ready in a week."
5. Mother to daughter:
— What kind of person is your new boyfriend? Is he respectable?
— Of course he is, Mom. He's thrifty, doesn't drink or smoke, has a very nice wife and three well-behaved children.
(from "Stupid Men's Jokes")
Ex. 317.Read and translate the sentences. Comment on the sequence of tenses in them.
1. Our Geography teacher told us at the last lesson that there aren't any unknown islands left on the Earth. 2. My Grandmother used to say that tastes differ and that I shouldn't be so choosy. 3. Don't leave, Katya. Ann said that we'll be having tea soon. 4. Melanie said she hadn't met Eddie since she (had) left the town. 5.1 replied that she should not be so noisy. 6. Bruno remarked that when he came in, Sonya was crying. 7. She noticed that the child ought to be more well-behaved. 8. Grace explained that when she left school, Donald was already studying at University. 9. Susan said that she (had) learnt how to eat with chopsticks when she was in Hong Kong. 10. He said that he could meet us at the airport. 11. Bill declared that he had owned the firm ever since he (had) started it in 1990.
Ex. 318.Use the right form of the verbs in brackets. Retell the texts
1. Two men were passengers on a four-engine plane. Suddenly, one engine (fail) and the pilot (announce) that the plane (be) now fifteen minutes late. A short time later another engine (go) out of order. The pilot (have to) announce they (be) thirty minutes late. Then the third engine (start) burning, and the stewardess announced that they (be) one hour late. At this point, one man (say) to his neighbour, "If the fourth engine (quit), we (can) (be) up here all day." 184
2. Sitting at home one afternoon, a retired doctor and his wife decided to call another couple to see what they (do). "Oh," (say) the other wife, "we just (drink) coffee and (talk)." The doctor's wife (hang) up the phone. "Why we not ever (do) that?" she (demand). And she (explain) that they just (drink) coffee and (talk). So, the doctor (tell) his wife to make them a pot of coffee. Soon they (sit) with their freshly brewed coffee, staring at each other. "Call them back," he (direct), "and find out what they (talk) about."
Ex 319.Retell the following jokes in indirect speech.
1. A man walked into the emergency room with both of his ears badly burnt. The man explained, "The phone rang and I picked up the iron by mistake." The nurse asked, "How did you burn the other ear?" "I did that," said the man, "when I went to phone the ambulance."
2. A telephone man was trying to measure the telephone pole but couldn't figure out how to climb up the pole. He radioed the office and they suggested that he should lay the pole down on the ground and measure it. The phone man didn't like that idea. "That won't work. I need to measure how high it is, not how long." 3. Did you hear about the man who died from jumping out of an airplane? It seems he was watching the movie, forgot where he was and stepped out for some more popcorn. 4. "I have good news and bad news," the defence attorney told his client. "First, the bad news. The blood test came back, and your DNA is an exact match with that found at the crime scene." "Oh, no!" cried the client. "What's the good news?" "Your cholesterol has gone down to 140."
(From "Stupid Men's Jokes")
Ex 320. Translate into English.
1. Туристы были очень удивлены. Никогда раньше они не видели такого количества людей. Но гид объяснил им, что это обычное явление в Гайд-Парке в хорошую погоду. 2. Они надеялись, что если мать поговорит с ним, то он изменит свое решение. 3. Он позвонил на^ и сказал, что всю неделю идет дождь, но синоптики обещают хорошую погоду в начале следующей недели. 4. Отец посмотрел на мои ботинки и сказал, что это просто позор, потому что я не чистил их неделями. 5. Каролина сказала нам, что этот красивый комод был в ее семье более двух веков и что сейчас оц очень ценный. 6. Мальчик сказал, что их путь лежал через лес. Снег перестал идти, сияло солнце. Они надеялись, что вскоре доберутся до станции. 7. Я столкнулся с Анжелой, когда проходил мимо банка. Мы не встречались с тех пор, как закончили университет. Она радостно поздоровалась со мной и сообщила, что только что открыла счет в этом банке. 8. Учительница объяснила шестилеткам, что земля круглая и что она вращается. Одна девочка очень удивилась и сообщила, что она всегда считала, что земля плоская. 9. У стены стоял старомодный шкаф, который видел лучшие времена (дни). Хозяйка объяснила, что он принадлежал ее прабабушке.
THE PASSIVE VOICE
Ex.321.Change the sentences from active to passive
1. The teacher explains the new rule. 2. The teacher is explaining the new rule. 3. The teacher has explained the new rule. 4. The teacher explained the new rule. 5. The teacher was explaining the new rule. 6. The teacher had explained the new rule. 7. The teacher is going to explain the new rule. 8. The teacher will explain the new rule. 9. The teacher can explain the new rule. 10. The teacher should explain the new rule. 11. The teacher ought to explain the new rule. 12. The teacher must explain the new rule. 13. The teacher has to explain the new rule. 14. The teacher may explain the new rule. 15. The teacher might explain the new rule.
Ex 322. Use the right form of the verbs in brackets.
1. This program (run) by very good managers. 2. These workers usually (pay) monthly. 3. The public not (allow) to drive on the park roads. 4. This city (bomb) heavily in the war. 5. The editorial staff (call) to the conference room. 6. Tim studies hard. He hopes he (give) the highest grades this semester. 7. The lost children just (find) in the park. 8. The new computer system (install) at the moment. 9.1 (teach) to play chess by the time I was four. 10. He was getting the best care and treatment in the hospital, and he (monitor) night and day. 11. If all the money in the world (collect) and (divide) equally among all the people living on the Earth, each of us (give) three million dollars. 12. Don't worry! By the time we meet again, all your problems (solve). 13. We (tell) that the exact days for the talks not (set) yet. 14. It (decide) last week that this novel (televise). 15. \^he Olympic torch (pass) from one runner to the next one.
Ex 323. A. Read the following text and learn it by heart.
When packages don't arrive on timethings can't get done, people wait, clients leave, orders get backed up, jobs get lost, bosses get angry, people are disappointed, stores can't open, factories shut down, money gets lost, meetings are missed, conferences are cancelled, businesses can't open, blood pressure goes up, people can't work, promises are broken, trust is lost, opportunities are missed, deals aren't made, transactions never happen, ideas aren't shared, products don't get made, information is missed, and the person who used the shipping company that messed it up looks really really really bad. When packages do arrive on time the world works just fine.
B. Say what happens to you if you are not on time.
Ex. 324. Change the sentences from active to passive if possible
1. Doctors use this medicine widely. 2. They deliver milk before 8 a.m. 3. When I came to the service station, they were still repairing my car. 4. Jack walked to school yesterday. 5. Don't worry, our people will meet the group at the airport. 6. This man is installing a new xerox in the office. 7. We stayed in a three-star hotel. 8. The police arrested the wrong man mainly because they confused the names which the witness had given them. 9. They threw him into prison and deprived him of his property. 10. The leaves fell to the ground. 11. Have you received the message yet? 12. People are destroying large areas of forest every day. 13. Mary's cat ran away last week. 14.1 hope they will have completed the repairs by tomorrow. 15. Some people were using the tennis court, so we couldn't play. 16. No one has solved that problem yet. 17. Did someone invite you to the party? 18.1 agree with you, gentlemen. 19. This news surprised me. 20. Mr. Lee will teach this class.
Ex. 325. Use the right form of the verbs in brackets.
Nearly a quarter of a century has passed since this book first (publish). During this period several hundred thousand copies of the book (dispose) of, and it (sell) practically in every country in the world where English (teach) as a second language. Nevertheless, the twenty-fifth anniversary is so important an occasion that it (commemorate) with the publication of the new edition, which throughly (revise) and considerably (enlarge). Additional sections (include). Another innovation is that a list of irregular verbs in everyday use (introduce). These verbs intentionally (place) as endpapers for easy reference. Besides, the opportunity (take) of revising the book from cover to cover, bringing it up to date and introducing many little improvements here and there. Much care (give) to the preparation of the Index, which it (hope) will make the book a useful work of reference. The writer is of the opinion that the best results (achieve) if it (use) by the students both as a text book and as a book of reference.
Ex 326. Change the sentences from active to passive. Remember ; only one passive construction is possible with these verbs
1. If you want, I'll dictate the address to you. 2. The customer repeated his request several times. 3. In his speech the lecturer mentioned some historic dates. 4. The council pointed out some shortcomings in the project. 5. The client explained his terms clearly. 6. Sally described all the details of the incident vividly. 7. The chief announced the good news to everybody's delight. 8. The lawyer suggested the new strategy. 9. She pointed out the mistake to us. 10. The, policeman repeated his orders several times. 11. You won't get lost. We'll describe all the directions thoroughly. 12. I'll point him out to you.
Ex 327. Translate into English.
1. Нам объяснили, как работает аппарат. 2. Его так хорошо описали, что мы сразу поняли, что это он. 3. Письмо было продиктовано мне по телефону. 4. Об этом законе физики лишь упомянули, он не был объяснен студентам. 5. Тебе когда-нибудь объясняли значение этих слов? 6. Сообщение повторялось каждые полчаса. 7. Им указали на их недостойное поведение. 8. Заказчикам предложили новые условия контракта. 9. На днях вам было указано на эту проблему. 10. Вся информация будет записана для нас автоответчиком.
Ex. 328.Read the dialogue, paying special attention to the forms of the verbs in bold type Answer the questions given after it
Nina: What's wrong, Eugene? You look upset.
Eugene: You know I was hiredpart-time at the office this semester. I just got my first paycheck. N: So why are you so down? You should be happy
E: I was ... before. But when I looked at my paycheck and saw how much money was taken out in taxes, I couldn't believe it.
N: I feel the same way. Taxes are already high, and the government wants to raise them next year.
E: What! If taxes are raisedany more, I won't have any salary left. Are they kidding?
N: No, I guess they hope that a lot of problems will be solvedby increasing taxes.
E: But the cost of living is just too high. Why isn'tsomething doneabout it? If my rent is
raisedagain this year, I'll be forcedto move.
N: Everyone has the same problem. We are all askedto sacrifice a little.
E: What's it like for you? When wereyou last givena raise? Are your raises determinedby the cost of living?
N: No, I don't think so. I guess our raises are basedon merit. If the boss likes your work,
you're givena raise. If he doesn't you may even be fired.Cheer up,
Eugene. Life is still great!
1. Why does Eugene look upset?
2. How does he feel about the possibility that taxes will be raised next year?
3. Is Eugene having problems in making ends meet?
4. What will happen if this rent is raised again this year?
Ex. 329.Change the sentences from active to passive
1. You can hear this hit everywhere. 2. One can't learn a foreign language in a few weeks. 3. You shouldn't put fruit into the fridge. 4. She is a rude child. Her mother must teach her good manners. 5.1 have to complete the letter today. 6. Clara is going to mail these letters tomorrow. 7. Someone must call the police. 8. We ought to invite them, too. 9. They may raise the price of gas. 10.1 am going to paint the walls white. 11. The customer has to pay this bill. 12. You shouldn't carry large sums of money with you. 13. Aluminum is a valuable metal. You can use it again and again. Because you can recycle this metal, nobody should throw away aluminum cans. 14. People must protect endangered wildlife from extinction. 15. They may easily fool you.
Ex 330. Ask questions indicated in the brackets
1. Such equipment is sold in special shops, (in what shops?) 2. These files must be returned in two hours, (when?) 3. This picture gallery was destroyed by the fire. (how?) 4. This work can be done in two days, (in how many days?) 5. The money will be spent on medicine, (on what?) 6. Such questions are often asked by children, (by whom?) 7. The post will be delivered at 7 o'clock, (when?) 8. New roses have been planted in her garden, (what?) 9. The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell, (who?) 10. Rice is grown in many countries, (where?) 11. A new house is being built on Elm Street, (what?) 12. This report must be signed by Mr. Hardy, (who?) 13. These data will have been collected by the end of the year, (by what time?)
Ex 331. Change the sentences from active to passive
1. They offered me the vacancy. 2. The boss has given us all the instructions. 3. We showed the girls our buys. 4. Father promised Ted a new skateboard. 5. Somebody told him the truth. 6. The manager sent them the fax last night. 7. Ben offered the fellow a beer. 8. The expert recommended the client several solutions to the problem. 9. Grandmother gave me a wonderful cookery book. 10. Our partners promised us support and understanding. 11. The policemen showed us the way to the Tower. 12. They paid him a pretty sum of money. 13. They filled the glasses and made another toast. 14. They took these examples from literature.
Ex. 332.Translate into English
1. Академия наук была основана Петром Великим в 1725 году. 2. Вся важная информация обычно посылается электронной почтой. 3. Слово грамматика пишется с двумя «м». 4. Шесть месяцев спустя они обвенчались в местной церкви. 5. Когда все книги были пересчитаны, то оказалось, что одной не хватало. 6. Предпринимаются попытки освободить заложников. 7. Точные цифры пока что не были опубликованы. 8. Сливки были хорошо взбиты. 9. Мне сообщили об этом лишь вчера. 10. Грабители обнаружили, что код на сейфе был изменен. 11. Если главой предприятия выберут его, то все будут удивлены. 12. Дверь твоей машины уже неделю сломана. Ты собираешься ее ремонтировать? 13. Мы чувствовали, что за нами следят. 14. Они надеялись, что будут приглашены на ужин. 15. Если что-то будет разбито, вам придется платить.
Ex. 333.Match the words or phrases in the column A and the correct endings in column В in the following signs and labels
3. This wine
4. This dictionary
5. No goods
8. This building
a. must not be removed from the library.
b. should be addressed to the office.
c. will be prosecuted.
d. must not be left unattended.
e. is protected by guard dogs.
f. can be exchanged without a receipt.
g. must be vacated by 12 p. m.
h. is best served at room temperature.
Ex 334. Change the sentences from active to passive
1. Philosophers very often refer to that quotation. 2. Have you sent for the doctor yet? 3. They spoke to me with great suspect. 4. Specialists regularly refer to this phenomena. 5. I'll try, but I don't think they will listen to me. 6. Don't put on this hat or people will laugh at you. 7. He lost sight of her in the crowd. 8. The examiner took no notice of her slip of the tongue. 9. Julia's boyfriend always waits for her after studies. 10. The surgeon is operation on the boy now. 11. People speak a lot about the latest events. 12. Don't worry. I'll look after your house plants properly while you're away. 13. They hoped their relations would take good care of the kids.
Ex 335. Translate into English
1. — Полицию вызвали? — Её вызвали десять минут назад. 2. Что за сумасшедшая идея! Только никому не говори, а то над тобой будут смеяться. 3. На словарь Хорнби часто ссылаются. 4. Профессор был уверен, что лекцию о сленге подростков будут внимательно слушать. 5. О последнем кинофестивале много говорят. 6. Хорошо ли за мальчиком присматривают в детском саду? 7. Сад был великолепным. Ему всегда уделяли много внимания. 8. Если за врачом послать сейчас же, он будет здесь не раньше, чем через час. 9. Над его шутками всегда смеются. 10. Ключ ищут, но пока безуспешно. 11. С ним поговорили, и он все понял. 12. Он старался произвести впечатление, но его просто не заметили.
Ex 336. Use the right form of the verbs in brackets
1. The first self service groceries (open) in America in 1912. 2. Oh, no! My car (go)! 3. Taking photographs in the museum (forbid). 4. Children should (see) but not (hear). 5. Milk (sell) often in cartons. 6. Energy could (save) if people made more journeys by bicycle. 7. Our team only (beat) once so far this year. 8. This painting probably (paint) by Dali. 9. She's only crying because some soap went into her eye while her hair (wash). 10. A new guidebook to the U.K. (write) at the moment. 11. In sоme countries women still (deny) the right to vote. 12. This event not (forget) very quickly. 13. The votes (count) by midnight? 14. The guard noticed at once that the safe (break into). 15. He didn't know where he (take) at the moment.
Ex. 337.Translate into English
1. Детективные романы хорошо продаются. 2. Эта ткань хорошо стирается. 3. Дмитрий перевелся в другой университет. 4. Сухие листья хорошо горят. 5. Шум стих (to calm down). 6. Эта книга легко читается. 7. Это вещество хорошо горит. 8. Кафель легко моется. 9. Этот свитер не садится и не линяет. 10. Эти брюки совершенно не мнутся. 11. Тесто хорошо поднимается. 12. Пирог еще печется. 13. Этот диск хорошо расходится. 14. Это лекарство хорошо продается. 15. Золото легко плавится. 16. Этот металл деформируется под давлением.
Ex. 338.Choose the correct form of the words in brackets
1. Many students are (interesting, interested) in the Internet. 2. Nigel's classes are always (interesting, interested). 3. Don't bother to read that book. It's (boring, bored). 4. I'm (boring, bored). How about going to a movie? 5. Most children are (fascinating, fascinated) by animals. 6. Young children think that animals are (fascinating, fascinated). 7.1 was very (embarrassing, embarrassed) by that question. 8. That was an (embarrassing, embarrassed) experience. 9. I read a (shocking, shocked) report yesterday. I was really (shocking, shocked). 10. The children went to a circus. For them, the circus was (exciting, excited). The (exciting, excited) children jumped up and down.
Ex. 339.Use the right form of the verbs in brackets
Many changes are happening in education today. In the traditional classroom, the teacher is in complete control. The teacher decides when the class will study which subject, and all students must work on the same subject at the same time. Nowadays developments in technology (use) in the classroom. Children (teach) Mathematics with calculators. Television (use) to teach basic Reading and Mathematics. The influence of general computerizing can't (overlook) either. In many schools computers (experiment) with in the classroom. They (use) to help teach English. In many elementary schools children (teach) how to read and write on computers.
In some schools, a new method called "the open classroom" (apply) these days. More and more students (permit) to choose for themselves which subject they want to work on and for how long. Students can work by themselves or in groups. Children are usually enthusiastic about this new method, but some parents are beginning to have doubts. According to these concerned patterns, the children (give) too much freedom nowadays, not enough time (spend) on real work, and the children not (teach) the subjects that are most important. In some schools that experimented with the open classroom in the past, the traditional methods of teaching (reinstate).
A number of years ago, universities also experimented with television in college lectures. Professors recorded their lectures on videotapes, which later (play) in class. The professors were not present in the classrooms. This new method (use) when studies came out showing that students were not learning. One professor received an unpleasant surprise when he entered his classroom. His lecture (show) on TV, but no students were in the room.
Ex. 340.Translate into English
1. Учти, в расписание внесли некоторые изменения. 2. Словарями нельзя пользоваться на экзаменах. 3. Его постоянно критикуют за плохие манеры. 4. — Машина сияет. — Да, ее только что помыли. 5. Дайте нам знать, если хотите, чтобы вас встретили в аэропорту, 6. Синтетические ткани хорошо стираются. 7. Вещи сделанные из льна, сильно мнутся. 8. Его необходимо остановить, пока не слишком поздно. 9. Ее укусило странное насекомое. 10. Детей следует уважать так же, как и взрослых. 11. Лабораторией нельзя было пользоваться вчера, в ней устанавливали новое оборудование. 12. Все работы будут закончены к концу недели. 13. — Ты почему не в новых туфлях? — Они в ремонте. 14. Инспектор заверил нас, что все необходимые меры уже были приняты. 15. Как только данные будут получены, вас проинформируют об этом. 16. Эйфелева башня была спроектирована Александром Эйфелем. Она была сооружена в 1889 году. Ее можно видеть из любой части города.
Ex. 341. Read the text and retell it
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