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Упр. 256. Завершите предложения, используя союзы и союзные слова при необходимости




1.A burglar is someone … breaks in to a house to steal things. (who) 2.Where is the evidence … we have collected? (that, which) 3.I have found the evidence … you lost. (that) 4.A widow is a woman … husband is dead. (whose) 5.He recently went back to the town … he was born. (where) 6.They asked me a lot of questions, most of … I couldn’t answer. (which) 7.The boy … was injured in the accident was taken to hospital. (who) 8.It is necessary … he should prove his alibi. (that) 9.We are not sure … the police will be able to trace the criminal. (if) 10.Don’t touch anything … the police come. (until) 11.… you see that man you will recognize him. (if, when) 12.I can’t go outside … I am frightened. (because) 13.Do you know the year … the first western was made? (when, in which) 14.Jane works for a company … makes shoes. (which, that) 15.My aunt told me about her new job, … she’s enjoing very much. (which)

 

Упр. 257. Переведите сложные предложения. Определите тип придаточного.

1.I don’t know when he is going to start a crime scene search. 2.It is said that the terrorist had injured some people. 3.When we arrived at a crime scene we saw an operative group from our police station there. 4.You may examine the evidence that I found yesterday. 5.It is very important information because it may help us to solve the crime. 6.The accident was so serious that a lot of people were injured. 7.We asked him if he had written a report of an accident. 8.The operative who is interviewing the witness is my friend. 9.If you study law well you will be able to enforce it.10.Nobody knows where the criminal came from. 11.The police officers went home after they had finished their work. 12.As the detective has collected all necessary evidence he will be able to trace the criminal. 13.This is the suspect we apprehended last night. 14.The theater which I first acted in is somewhere around here. 15.That’s the reason why he is so popular. 16.Did you see the film which was on TV last night?

 

Упр. 258. Изучите следующие примеры и вставьте who’s или whose.

 

Who’s = who is или who has e.g. “Who’s (who is) there?” “It’s Julie”. Who’s (who has) got the dictionary? Whose = possessive e.g. Jenny is the girl whose mother is a lawyer.

1.… got my key? I can’t find it anywhere. 2.Her brother, … name is Jack, is a fireman. 3.She’s the girl … run tour marathons this year. 4.That’s the man … house was on fire yesterday. 5.Sheila is the girl … mother works in the flower shop. 6. …your favourite singer? 7.He’s the man … just been promoted at work. 8.Mike is the man … wife is in hospital. 9.I am the person … sister got married last week. 10.Rob is the one … eaten all the biscuits. 11.… that woman? I don’t know her. 12.… got a driving licence in your group? 13.That’s the boy … going to sell me his bike. 14.She is the woman … having a party tomorrow. 15.The teacher asks … on duty today.

 

Упр. 259. Вставьте where / when / why / who / which.

Martin Foster, (1) whois 50, is a gardener. 1964 was the year (2) … he got his first job. He looked after the gardens of a huge house (3) … a very rich family lived. He loves his job and that’s the reason (4)… he doesn’t mind getting up very early in the morning to water the plants and flowers. His favourite time of year is spring (5) … all the flowers begin to open and leaves grow on the trees. The part of the garden he likes most is the kitchen garden (6) … the vegetables grow, because it has flowers blooming all year round. Martin says flowers and plants make our world beautiful. “That’s (7) … you must protect the environment around you – it’s something (8) … can’t be replaced”.



 

Упр. 260. Выберите верный вариант из скобок. В некоторых случаях возможно употребление обоих союзов.

 

1. The minister, (which, who) was appointed just last week, made no comment on the crime situation. 2. Isn’t that the spot (which, where) the accident happened last night? 3. The human brain, (which, who) weights about 1400 grammes, is ten times the size of a baboon’s. 4. There are several reasons (which, why) I don’t want to see my step-brother tonight. 5. This is the office (which, where) I work. 6. The new girl in our group, (who’s, whose) name is Alexandra, seems really nice. 7. The Titanic, (which, that) people said was unsinkable, sank on her maiden voyage. 8. All the people to (who, whom) the e-mail was sent replied. 9. April 1st, (which, when) we play tricks on people, is known as April Fools’Day. 10. Harry Hill, (who, whose) new series starts next week, is one of my favourite comedians. 11. A very popular breed of dog is the German Shepherd, (which, who) is often used as a guard dog. 12. Blackpool Tower, (which, that) was modeled on the Eiffel Tower, is a very well-known. 13. Here’s a photo of the hotel (where, which) we stayed in when we were in Japan? 14. Do you remember (what, that) he asked you to do? 15. I remember (what, that) he asked me to help him? 16. The problem is (what, that) we cannot tell her the truth. 17. The problem is (what, that) we should say to her.

 

Упр. 261. Исправьте ошибки.

 

1.He’s the man which writes songs for a lot of famous singers. 2.Where’s the book I bought it last week?3.He is a person for who very few people fell much sympathy. 4.That’s the woman who’s house is made of glass. 5.My sister, who she is 10 years old, is called Betty. 6.The reason when I was late was that I overslept. 7.The man I was talking to him is my uncle. 8.That’s the hotel which I spent my holidays last year. 9.London, that is a big city, is the capital of England. 10.My new school, who I moved to about a month ago, seems like quite a friendly place. 11. I met a man which had a dog with only three legs. 12. How do you think the first man whom walked on the Moon felt? 13.Can you think of any reason which Cathy should be angry with me? 14.I’ve just got a new webcamera that takes really clear pictures. 15.I don’t know that happened there. 16.I know what something bad happened there.

 

УСЛОВНЫЕ ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

IF-CLAUSES

Сложноподчиненные условные предложения состоят из двух частей: главного предложения и придаточного предложения условия. Придаточное предложение выражает условие совершения действия, главное – следствие, вытекающее из этого условия. Придаточные предложения обычно соединяются с главным предложением союзом if. Однако в качестве союза в условных предложениях также употребляются: unless – если только не,on condition (that)- при условии, что, suppose (that) – предположим, что. В английском языке можно выделить три основных типа условных предложения.

 

УСЛОВИЕ Придаточное предложение Главное предложение ПЕРЕВОД
реальное Present Simple If it rains,   If you speak slowly,   If he drives fast, will + Infinitive we will stay at home. I will be able to understand you. he will havean accident.  
нереальное настоящее/ будущее Past Simple If it rained,   If you spoke slowly,   If I were you, would + Infinitive we would stay at home. I would be able to understand you. I would dothat myself. бы
прошлое Past Perfect   If you had spoken slowly, would + have + Infinitive   I would have been able to understand you.

 

– Условные предложения I типавыражают реальные, осуществимые условия, обычно относящиеся к настоящему и будущему времени.

We will play outside if the weather is fine. –Мыбудем игратьна улице, если погодабудетхорошая.

If you ring me up, I will tell you something. –Если ты мнепозвонишь,я тебе кое-чторасскажу.

 

– Условные предложения II типавыражают маловероятные и нереальные условия, относящиеся к настоящему и будущему времени.

We would play outside if the weather were fine. –Мыбы игралина улице, если быпогодабылахорошая (сегодня, завтра).

If you rang me up, I would tell you something. –Если быты мнепозвонил(сегодня, завтра),я бытебе кое-чторассказал.

We would have played outside if the weather had been fine. –Мыбы игралина улице, если быпогодабылахорошая (вчера).

– Условные предложения III типавыражают условия, не реализованные в прошлом и, следовательно, совершенно невыполнимые.

If you had rung me up, I would have told you something. –Если быты мнепозвонил(вчера),я бытебе кое-чторассказал.





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