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VI. Make a brief summary of the text




Text 2.

I. Read and practice the pronunciation of the following words:

 

dimension
maintenance
sophisticated
circuit
durability
measure


II. Read the text to learn more about nanorobots.

Nanorobots.

A nanorobot is a tiny machine designed to perform a specific task or tasks repeatedly and with precision at nanoscale dimensions, that is, dimensions of a few nanometers (nm) or less, where 1 nm = 10-9 meter. Nanorobots have potential applications in the assembly and maintenance of sophisticated systems. Nanorobots might function at the atomic or molecular level to build devices, machines, or circuits, a process known as molecular manufacturing. Nanorobots might also produce copies of themselves to replace worn-out units, a process called self-replication.

Nanorobots are of special interest to researchers in the medical industry. This has given rise to the field of nanomedicine. It has been suggested that a fleet of nanorobots might serve as antibodies or antiviral agents in patients with compromised immune systems, or in diseases that do not respond to more conventional measures. There are numerous other potential medical applications, including repair of damaged tissue, unblocking of arteries affected by plaques, and perhaps the construction of complete replacement body organs.

A major advantage of nanorobots is thought to be their durability. In theory, they can remain operational for years, decades, or centuries. Nanoscale systems can also operate much faster than their larger counterparts because displacements are smaller; this allows mechanical and electrical events to occur in less time at a given speed.

 

III. Answer the following questions:

1.What is nanorobot?

2.What might nanorobots produce?

3.In what industry are nanorobots of special interest?

4. Can nanoscale systems operate much faster than their larger counterparts? If yes, why?



 

V. Agree or disagree with the statements:

1.Nanorobots have potential applications in the assembly and maintenance of sophisticated systems.

2.Nanorobots might not also produce copies of themselves to replace worn-out units, a process called self-replication.

3.It has been suggested that a fleet of nanorobots might serve as antibodies or antiviral agents in patients with compromised immune systems, or in diseases that

4.There are numerous other potential medical applications, including repair of damaged tissue, unblocking of arteries affected by plaques, and perhaps the construction of complete replacement body organs.

VI. Give English equivalents of the following words and word combinations:

крошечная машина, неоднократно, точность, размеры, монтаж, техническое обслуживание, сложные системы, схема, самовоспроизведение, породило, нарушение иммунной системы, поврежденные ткани, прочность, коллега, смещение, происходить.

 

VII. Complete the following sentences:

1.Nanorobots have potential applications … … … … … … of sophisticated systems.

2.… … … … … … of themselves to replace worn-out units, a process called self-replication.

3.This has given rise … … … … … … .

4.There are numerous other potential medical applications, including repair of damaged tissue, unblocking … … … … … , and perhaps the construction of complete replacement body organs.

5.… … … … … is thought to be their durability. In theory, they can remain operational for years, decades, or centuries.

 

VIII. Translate the following statements:

1.Нанороботы применяются при сборке и эксплуатации сложных систем.

2.Нанороботы могут также производить копии самих себя, чтобы заменить изношенные части, этот процесс называется самовоспроизведение.

3.Есть множество других потенциальных медицинских применений нанороботов, включая восстановление поврежденной ткани, разблокирование артерий, пострадавших от бляшек, и, возможно, полная замена органов тела.

4.Одним из главных преимуществ нанороботов считается их долговечность.

5.В принципе, нанороботы могут функционировать годы, десятилетия или столетия.

 




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