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Exercise 4. Make up as many sentences as you can using




 

A.Past Indefinite or Past Perfect:

 

    1. Он вернулся at 6 o’clock by 6 o’clock on Saturday by Monday at that time
2. Я закончил работу by that time before you came while you were away

 

B. Future Indefinite or Future Perfect:

 

1. Он вернется at 6 o’clock by 6 o’clock on Saturday by Monday  
2. Я закончу работу at that time by that time before you came while you were away

 

Exercise 5. Open the brackets.

А.Past Perfect:

1.She hoped I (to pay) for the tickets. 2. When we came the plane (to take off). 3. I want to sleep as soon as the show (to finish). 4. By the end of the year he (to complete) five courses. 5. When they come home mother (to do) everything about the house. 6. I went to see the sights after I (to buy) a map of Moscow. 7. We knew our itinerary only after the leader of the group (to tell) us. 8. After I (to spend) all the money I turned to my father. 9. She understood the letter after she (to read) it a second time. 10. We (to keep) waiting until we lost patience.

 

В.Future Perfect:

1.When the father returns from his round the world trip his son (to become) a grown-up man. 2. By the end of this year I (to read) all the books of this writer. 3. You (to finish) typing my papers by this evening? 4. If you come late, the party (to end). 5. When you come she (to leave). 6. By the end of July you (to pass) your last entrance exam. 7. By the time they return from the honeymoon trip we (to rebuild) the house for them.

 

Exercise 6. Complete the sentences using Past Perfect:

 

A. Model: I was tired (to work). – I was tired after I had worked the whole day.

1.They started discussing their plan (to come). 2. He helped his mother about the house (to finish). 3. He invited his friend to the party (to win). 4. Her coat was wet (to walk). 5. He understood the meaning of the telegram (to read). 6. She tore up the letter (to read).



7. They settled the quarrel (to talk). 8. She was very upset (to fail).

B. Model: I was tired (to work). – I was tired because I had worked the whole day.

1. She could speak Spanish fluently (to live). 2. He rang me up (to ask). 3. The cake was too sweet (to put). 4. She was crying (to lose). 5. They didn’t meet (to leave). 6. I didn’t want to go to the cinema (to see). 7. I couldn’t get into my flat (to lose). 8. I didn’t know their address (to move).

 

Exercise 7. Extend the statements using Past Perfect:

 

Model:I saw him yesterday (since last month). – I saw him yesterday. I hadn’t seen him since last month.

 

1. I bought some wonderful things yesterday (for a long time). 2. We went to the Tretyakov Art Gallery last week (since it was closed for repairs).3. Mike came to see us a few days ago (since we finished school). 4. He told us such a funny story that we roared with laughter (since childhood). 5. There was an interesting film on at our local cinema last week (for many months). 6. They returned on Monday (for a long time). 8. I met John Parker last night (for many years).

 

Exercise 8. Use Past Indefinite or Past Perfect (Continuous):

 

1. I never (to see) any pictures by Monet before I (to visit) the Hermitage. 2. At last he (to have) a chance to go to London. He long (to dream) of visiting Britain. 3. She (to catch) a cold. She never (to catch) a cold before. 4. When I (to graduate) from the University my elder brother (to work) at a foreign company for two years. 5. Though she (to learn) the language only for two years she (to speak) it fairly well. 6. He (to travel) to many countries and (to know) a lot of interesting facts about them. 7. Yesterday I (to find) the book I (to look for) so long. 8. When we (to enter) the house there (to be) nobody in, but we (to have) a feeling that somebody (to be) there because the windows (to be) open. 9. When he (to meet) the lady, he (to understand) that she (not to be) so young as he (to expect). 10. By the time Caesar (to approach) the shores of Britain, the season (to be) nearly over.

 

Exercise 9.

Use Present Perfect (Continuous) or Past Perfect (Continuous):

1. I received a letter from Susan a few days ago. I (not to receive) letters from her since she left. 2. There are a lot of dirty dishes. We (not to wash up) since morning. 3. I telephoned her after I (to think over) her offer. 4. He gave up smoking after he (to smoke) for 20 years. 5. How long you (to be engaged) before you got married? 6. We (to be) here since 10 o’clock. 7. At last he (to finish) his book. He (to write) it for ten years. 8. How long you (to wait for) when the bus finally came? 9. I came a minute late. The train just (to leave). We (to finish) our test by that time. 11. You (to finish) your work? 12. I didn’t want to see the film because I (to see) it on TV. 13. We (to wait) for an hour but they never came. 14. Since what time he (to sleep)? 15. By the time he was twelve, he (to be able) to speak two foreign language. 16. By the time the police came the robbers (to manage) to escape. 17. How long your club (to be) in existence? 18. Her daughter (not to return) home by eleven.19. It (to snow) since last night, it’s not safe to driver. 20. She (to make) already coffee by the time her son got up.

 

Exercise 10. Use Present Perfect (Continuous) or Past Perfect (Continuous):

 

1. We (to be) here for a week and (not to meet) any interesting people yet. 2. How long you (to stay) here? – We (to be) here a week tomorrow.3. As soon as I (to find out) any traces of him I shall let you know. 4. He (to pass) his exams only by the end of this week. 5. When we (to pass) all our exams, we’ll have a party. 6. They say that they (to bring) our tickets by that time. 7. Let’s talk about it when I (to see) the film myself. 8. I wonder if they (to complete) the repairs by the end of the season. 9. The plane from Paris (to arrive)? – No, but they will announce when it (to land). 10. I wonder if they (to clean) our apartment before the quests come? 11. By the end of the week the ship (to call at) three ports of the Mediterranean. 12. If it (not to stop) snowing by tomorrow morning we (not to reach) their place by the evening. 13. You will understand what married life is after you (to live) together for a few years. 14. We’ll be happy if they (to receive) our telegram by the time we are there. 15. I’m not sure if they (to receive) our telegram by the time we are there.

 

Exercise 11. Put the verbs in the brackets according to the meaning using Present Perfect или Past Indefinite:

1. You (to read) that book yet? - No, I only just (to begin) it. 2. Petrov (to leave) Moscow? No, he is still in Moscow. 3. When the delegation (to arrive) in Moscow? It (arrive) yesterday. 4.I not (to see) Andrew at the lecture. 5. I not (to see) this film yet, but I (to hear) a lot about it. 6. He isn't here, he just (to go) out. 7. I (to have) no news from him since he (to leave) home. 8. We (to discuss) the matter during supper. 9. I cannot give you a definite answer as I not (to discuss) the matter with the manager.

 

Exercise 12. Translate into English:

 

1. Когда он вошел в зал, фильм уже начался. 2. Он работал пять лет, прежде чем поступить в университет. 3. Сколько лет вы жили в центре до того, как переехали? 4. К концу семестра студенты написали две курсовые. 5. Когда мы вернулись с прогулки, хозяйка уже помыла посуду. 6. Я надеюсь, что к концу недели погода изменится к лучшему. 7. Я случайно встретилась вчера с ней на улице. Мы не виделись с детства. 8. Когда я дочитаю книгу, я расскажу тебе содержание. 9. Когда они пришли, мы уже обсудили все вопросы. 10. Они провели ряд переговоров, прежде чем подписать соглашение. 11. Когда начался дождь, мы уже добрались до дому. 12. Не беспокойтесь! Я просмотрю все эти письма к концу недели. 13. Он закончил писать свой доклад к шести часам. 14. Он переработал множество разных профессий, прежде чем стал известным писателем. 15 «Я надеюсь, что к концу своего пребывания в Лондоне я просмотрю все достопримечательности», - думала я. Но когда мы улетали из Лондона, мы не успели посмотреть и половины того, что хотели. 16. Она так прекрасно говорила по-французски, потому что жила в Париже много лет. 17. Он не узнал свою улицу, потому что она так сильно изменилась.

 

Exercise 13.Use Present Perfector Past Indefinite in the sentences.

1. Jackson (come)back from his holiday this week. 2. I (see, just) this film. I like it very much. 3. Yesterday we (receive) two letters and they were both from Kursk. 4. Mike (buy) a box of chocolate for Mother. Today is her birthday. 5. I (put) my gloves on this little table. And I can’t find them. 6. Mary (tell) you about him in the morning. 7. The child (wash) his hands and is ready for breakfast. 8. The train (arrive, just). 9. The ship (appear, not yet). 10. Caxton (print) his first book in 1477.

 

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