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Тема: « St . Valentine ’ s Day »

Тип урока: комбинированный (формирование, развитие и закрепление навыков).

Режим работы : pair-work, group-work.

Цели и задачи урока:

ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНАЯ: 1) расширить лексический запас учащихся; 2) повторить грамматический материал (Past Simple Tense); 3) познакомить учащихся с новыми социокультурными знаниями о празднике “День Св.Валентина”.

РАЗВИВАЮЩАЯ: 1) развивать речевые навыки учащихся на основе использования коммуникативных заданий; 2) развивать активность учащихся через активные формы работы; 3) совершенствовать навыки чтения с полным пониманием содержания текста; 4) строить монологическую и диалогическую речь на основе прочитанного и выражение собственного мнения по теме урока.

ВОСПИТАТЕЛЬНАЯ: привитие интереса к культуре страны изучаемого языка, воспитание уважения к друг другу, инициативности и творчества учащихся.

Оборудование: раздаточный материал (тексты, листы с заданиями, карточки).

Ход урока:

I . Организационный этап. (Time: 1 min.)

Beginning.

Приветствие:

Good morning children. I’m glad to see you. Are you ready for our lesson? Can somebody say me what is the day today? Yes, today is St.Valentine’s Day, the day when we can say our friends, sweethearts or relatives how much we love them. I congratulate you with this wonderful holiday and let’s start our lesson. The theme of the lesson is «St.Valentine’s Day».



II . Этап актуализации знаний и подготовки учащихся к сознательному усвоению материала. (Time: 2 min.)

Введение в учебную ситуацию:

(два ученика подготовили дома короткий диалог)

Nick: Hallo Kate!

Kate: Hallo Nick!

(Nick present a postcard to Kate, it is a valentine)

Nick: I congratulate you with St.Valentine’s Day, and take this valentine as a sign of my attention and sympathy.

Kate: Oh! Thank you, Nick. I also have a valentine for you. Do you know anything about this day? Who was Valentine? Why people celebrate this holiday? This morning my little brother asked my about it and I didn’t know what to answer.

Nick: Unfortunately, I don’t know anything about it but we can go to the library together and find some information.

Kate: Ok, let’s go.

III . Этап формирования навыков и умений (чтение, обсуждение, грамматика, письмо).

¨ Pre-reading (Time: 5 min.)

Answer the questions before reading the text:

· What do you know about St.Valentine’s Day?

· How do people celebrate this holiday?

· Does your family celebrate this holiday?

· Do you celebrate this holiday with your friends?

& Reading (10–12 min.)

1. Read the text and be ready answer the questions (don’t forget to use the unknown words bellow).

Who was Valentine according to one legend?

What was he beheaded for?

What was the Valentine’s guilt according to the other legends?

4.What holiday was on February 14 in the Roman Empire?

5.What do people send to their loved ones and friend on St.Valentine’s Day?

6.What is a « valentine »?

St.Valentine’s Day

There are several legends about St.Valentine’s Day. One of the legends says that Valentine was Christian priest who lived in the 3 century A.D. He was put into prison by roman authorities for his teachings and was beheaded on February 14. According to the legend he performed a miracle — he cured his jailer’s daughter of her blindness. Before the execution he wrote her a letter signed «From Your Valentine». Another legend says that the same Valentine wrote to children and friends who loved him from the jail.

According to another legend, Valentine was an Italian bishop who lived at about the same time. He was thrown into prison because he secretly married couples, contrary to the laws of the Roman Empire. The legend says that he was burnt at the stake.

February 14 was also a Roman holiday. Oh this day young men randomly chose the name of the girl to escort to the festival. The custom of choosing a sweetheart on this day became very popular in the medieval Europe. Later this custom spread to American colonies.

Now, St.Valentine’s Day is the day of sweethearts. On this day, people show their friends relatives and loved ones that they care. People send candy or flowers to those whom they love. Most people send «valentines», greeting cards named after St.Valentine’s letters written from jail. Valentines can be sentimental and romantic, or funny and friendly. Valentines can be anonymous. Valentines can be heart-shaped or can carry hearts on them. People buy valentines or make them themselves.

Vocabulary:

St. Valentine’s Day – День святого Валентина

Christian ['krıstjən] – христианский

priest [pri:st] – священник

prison ['prızn] - тюрьма

to behead [bı'hed] – отрубить голову

authorities [o:'θorıtı]– власти

teachings ['ti:t∫ıŋ]– учение

miracle ['mırəkl]– чудо

to cure [kjuə] – исцелить

jail [d eıl] – тюрьма

jailer ['d eılə] – тюремщик

blindness ['blaındnıs] – слепота

execution [ eksı'kju:∫(ə)n] – казнь

bishop['bı∫əp] – епископ

to marry (couples) – венчать (пары)

to be burnt [bə:nt] at the stake – быть сожженным на костре

randomly – случайно

to escort['esko:t] - сопровождать

sweetheart – возлюбленный

medieval [ medı'i:v(ə)l]– средневековый

custom ['k stəm] – обычай

to spread [spred] –распространяться

to care for [keə]– любить

anonymous [ə'nonıməs] – анонимный

heart-shaped – в форме сердца

3. Match the beginnings with the ends of the sentences. Then read again and check. Compare your answers with the answers of your partner.

1. February 14 was a Roman holiday when… a) …to children and friends who loved him.
2. Valentine was Christian priest who… b) …send valentines to their relatives, friends and loved ones.
3. On St.Valentine’s Day people… c) …cured jailer’s daughter of her blindness.
Valentine wrote letters from the jail... d) …young men choose the girl to escort to the festival.

ІІ Grammar (7 min.) Past Simple

Учащиеся, работая в парах, выполняют задания.

1. Find the regular and irregular past forms in the text.

2. Study the examples. What are the spelling rules? Use your list and your own ideas to add to the table.


 

-ed work – worked,…………………….
double consonant -ed drop – dropped,…………………….
-d live – lived,………………………...
y + -ied cry – cried,…………………………

 

3. Complete the sentences with the past tense of the verb in brackets.

a) We ………. (to leave) the party at 10 o’ clock.

b) ……………. (to recognize) him with difficulty.

c) The English poet Byron ……….. (to fight) in the Greek war of independence.

d) He ……….. (to call) when I was at the Institute.

e) I ………… (to buy) this book in Moscow.

f) He ………. (to leave) the hotel, ……… (to take) a taxi and ……….. (to drive) to the theatre.

g) Last winter I ………… (to spend) a lot of time in the library.

4. Use verbs from your list to make sentences about yourself.

e.g. I watched TV last night.

– Discussion (10–15 min)

1. Look at the text again and decide which of the following statements are T (true) and which are F (false). Compare your answers with a partner.

o Valentine was Christian priest who lived in the 3 century A. D.

o Valentine cured jailer’s son of his blindness.

o Valentine wrote to his relatives who loved him from the jail.

o Valentine secretly married couples, because of it he was thrown into prison.

o St.Valentine’s Day is the day of sweethearts.

o People always make valentines themselves.

2. Work in pairs. Imagine that one of you comes from other country where they don’t have St.Valentine’s Day. Tell him\her about this holiday. (Choose the card and you’ll know who will start).

 

The first cardThe second card

You will start the conversation. Try to use not only the information from the text but also your own knowledge and thoughts.
You will play the role of person who doesn’t now anything about St.Valentine’s Day. Bt ready for asking your questions.

 

 

3. Play the game in the group. Take a ball and throw it to the student you want to congratulate on St.Valentine’s Day, the student who caught the ball then must also throw it to the other student and congratulate him or her.

? Writing (Time: 5 min.)

1. Look at these examples and write a postcard to your friend, relatives, boyfriend or girlfriend.

 

To your boyfriend: To your friend:

Darling John, Life is a wonderful gift! Each day like a great treasure when you are close to me. I Love you. Lots of love, Ann
Dear Peter, Take my congratulation with St.Valentine’s Day. I wish you that joy and happiness always be in your life. And let’s all you dreams become true. Best wishes, Kate

 

To your relative:




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