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Упражнения на сравнение времен системы Present




Упражнение 77.Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous.

  1. He (to run) now. He (to run) for ten minutes without any rest.
  2. What they (to do) now? — They (to work) in the reading-room. They (to work) there for already three hours.
  3. Where he (to be) now? — He (to be) in the garden. He (to play) vol­ley-ball with his friends. They (to play) since break­fast time.
  4. I (to live) in St. Petersburg. I (to live) in St. Petersburg since 1990.
  5. She already (to do) her homework for two hours; but she (not yet to do) half of it.
  6. I (to wait) for you since two o'clock.
  7. What you (to do)? — I (to read). I (to read) for already two hours. I already (to read) sixty pages.
  8. This man (to be) a writer. He (to write) books. He (to write) books since he was a young man. He al­ready (to write) eight books.
  9. What you (to do) here since morning?
  10. Lena is a very good girl. She always (to help) her mother about the house. Today she (to help) her mother since morning. They already (to wash) the floor and (to dust) the furni­ture. Now they (to cook) dinner together.
  11. This is the factory where my father (to work). He (to work) here for fifteen years.
  12. You (to find) your note-book? — No! I still (to look) for it. I already (to look) for it for two hours, but (not yet to find) it.
  13. You (to play) with a ball for already three hours. Go home and do your homework.
  14. Wake up! You (to sleep) for ten hours already.
  15. I (to wait) for a letter from my cousin for a month al­ready, but (not yet to receive) it.
  16. Where your gloves (to be)? — I (to put) them into my pocket.
  17. I just (to receive) a letter from my granny, but I (not yet to receive) any letters from my par­ents.
  18. The weather (to be) fine today. The sun (to shine) ever since we got up.
  19. Every day I (to wind) up my watch at 10 o'clock in the evening.
  20. Come along, Henry, what you (to do) now? I (to wait) for you a long time.

Упражнение 78.Переведите на английский язык, употребляя гла­голы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous.

1. Я уже три дня об этом думаю. 2. Моя сестра пьет кофе без сахара. А я всегда предпочитала с молоком. 3. Мы очень рады вас видеть. Мы вас ждали целый месяц. 4. Вы все еще читаете эту книгу? Сколько времени вы ее уже читаете? 5. Моя сестра занимается танцами уже пять лет. 6. Я ищу тебя весь вечер. Где ты был все это время? 7. Они пишут экзамен уже два часа. 8. Мы знаем друг друга уже пять лет. 9. Я всегда хотела изучать английский язык. 10. Где она? — Она уже два часа дома. 11. Где дети? — Они все еще играют во дворе. 12. Мой брат уже три года дизайнер. 13. Мой друг знает английский с детства. 14. Я уже полчаса читаю эту книжку. 15. Ваш брат еще болен? — Нет, он уже поправился. Он уже три дня занимается в университете. 16. Мне хочется посетить Мадрид. 17. Она уже десять минут пытается найти свою сумку. 18. Они уже десять лет живут в Лондоне. 19. Моя тетя — врач. Она всегда любила помогать людям. 20. Ваш брат уже вернулся с отпуска? — Да, он уже неделю, как дома.



Упражнение 79.Выберите правильный вариант.

1. Jeremy ..... basketball this season; he wants to concentrate on his studies.

doesn’t play

hasn’t been playing

isn’t playing

hasn’t played

2. Jerry promised to come to work in time. He is not here, and he even ..... .

isn’t calling

hasn't called

hasn't been calling

doesn’t call

3. Jake is a good footballer. Do you know since when ..... football?

he has been playing

he plays

has he been playing

is he playing

4. I think you ..... very silly. Don't get out of bed. You’ll only make your temperature go up again.

are

are being

were

have been

5. I have just applied for a job in the local hospital, now I ..... for an answer from them.

wait

have been waiting

have waited

am waiting

6. Zeta has sent me two letters; neither of which ..... .

has arrived

have arrived

arrive

is arriving

7. I have read this chapter in my chemistry text three times, and still I ..... it.

haven’t understood

don’t understand

understand

have understood

8. As far as I know Mike ..... Italian for quite some time, but he still doesn’t understand very much.

is learning

has been learning

has learnt

learns

9. Their car is good though they ..... it for a number of years.

have

have been having

are having

have had

10. What ..... with yourself? There is mud all over you!

has you been doing

are you doing

did you do

have you been doing

11. Paul looks young for his age. He says he is 56 years old, but nobody ..... him.

hasn’t believed

is not believing

believes

believe

12. There! ..... this big heavy cloud in the sky; I am sure it’ll rain in a minute.

Do you see

Have you seen

Are you seeing

Have you been seeing

13. What are you looking for? - I ..... my umbrella somewhere, and now I don’t know where it is.

leave

has left

have been leaving

have left

14. Look here! I simply refuse to believe what you ..... me now.

are telling

have been telling

have told

tell

15. Peter and Mary ..... on the platform. They have been waiting for their train for half an hour.

have been standing

are standing

stand

have stood

16. How long ..... Jerry? - But I don’t know him at all. I have never met him.

do you know

have you known

has you known

did you know

17. Susan is a fashion designer. Now, she ..... at a new set of clothes to be shown at a fashion show in April.

works

is working

has been working

has worked

18. Hello! May I speak to John, please? - Sorry, he is out. He has gone to the library. He ..... for his History exam there.

has been preparing

is preparing

prepares

has prepared

19. The government is worried because the number of people without jobs ..... .

increases

has increased

is increasing

has been increasing

20. Carol and I are old friends. I ..... her since we studied in high school together.

know

have known

are knowing

have been knowing

21. For many years American schools ..... federal aid for special purposes.

receive

have received

have been receiving

are receiving

22. David is quite an athlete. He wants to be strong and healthy that’s why he ..... every morning.

is jogging

has jogged

jogs

has been jogging

23. Who ..... my newspaper? It was on my desk a minute ago.

has taken

have taken

took

takes

24. Willy ... from his Uncle Alex since the latter immigrated to Canada.

does not hear

have not heard

has not heard

is not hearing

25. My cousin Jake has got a lot of books, most of which he ..... .

doesn’t read

hasn’t been reading

hasn’t read

isn’t reading

26. Her family ..... from town to town ever since she can remember.

is moving

has moved

moves

has been moving

27. My mother is a medical nurse; she takes care of sick and old people. What ..... for a living?

does your mother do

is your mother doing

has your mother done

has your mother been doing

28. Today the world ..... so rapidly; things never stay the same.

changes

has changed

is changing

has been changing

29. Nora, you look awfully tired. What ..... all day?

do you do

are you doing

have you been doing

have you done

30. A group of scientists are traveling around Africa. How many countries ..... so far, I wonder?

have they visited

have they been visiting

they have visited

do they visit

31. .... you a ride home yet since he started working in your department?

Has Sam been giving

Does Sam give

Is Sam giving

Has Sam given

32. Sonia ..... as a computer programmer this year, but she’d like to try something different in the future.

works

has worked

is working

has been working

 

Приложение 1

Таблица неправильных глаголов

 

Infinitive Past Simple Participle II Перевод
1. Arise arose arisen возникать
2. awake awoke awaked awoke awaked будить; просыпаться
3. be was, were been быть
4. bear bore born рождаться
5. bear bore borne носить, выносить
6. beat brеat beaten бить
7. become became become становиться
8. begin began begun начинать
9. bend bent bent гнуть, сгибать
10. bind bound bound связывать
11. bite bit bitten кусать
12. bleed bled bled истекать кровью
13. blow blew blown дуть
14. break broke broken ломать
15. breed bred bred выводить, разводить
16. bring brought brought приносить
17. broadcast Broadcast broadcasted broadcast broadcasted передавать по радио
18. build built built строить
19. burn burnt burnt гореть, жечь
20. burst burst burst разрываться
21. buy bought bought покупать
22. cast cast cast бросать, кидать
23. catch caught caught ловить, схватывать
24. choose chose chosen выбирать
25. cling clung clung прилипать, цепляться
26. come came come приходить
27. cost cost cost стоить
28. creep crept crept ползать
29. cut cut cut резать
30. deal dealt dealt торговать; иметь дело
31. dig dug dug копать
32. do did done делать
33. draw drew drawn тащить, рисовать
34. dream dreamt dreamed dreamt dreamed видеть сны; мечтать
35. drink drank drunk пить
36. drive drove driven гнать, везти, ехать
37. dwell dwelt dwelt обитать; останавливаться подробно
38. eat ate eaten есть
39. fall fell fallen падать
40. feed fed fed кормить
41. feel felt felt чувствовать
42. fight fought fought бороться, сражаться
43. find found found находить
44. flee fled fled бежать, спасаться бегством
45. fling flung flung кидать, бросать
46. fly flew flown летать
47. forbid forbade forbidden запрещать
48. forget forgot forgotten забывать
49. forgive forgave forgiven прощать
50. freeze froze frozen замерзать, замораживать
51. get got got получать; становиться
52. give gave given давать
53. go went gone идти, ехать
54. grind ground ground точить; молоть
55. grow grew grown расти, выращивать
56. hang hung hung висеть, вешать
57. have had had иметь
58. hear heard heard слышать
59. hide hid hid hidden прятать
60. hit hit hit ударять; поражать
61. hold held held держать
62. hurt hurt hurt повредить, ушибить
63. keep kept kept держать, хранить
64. kneel knelt knelt становиться на колени
65. know knew known знать
66. lay laid laid класть
67. lead led led вести
68. lean leant leaned leant leaned прислоняться
69. leap leapt leaped leapt leaped прыгать
70. learn learnt learned learnt learned учиться
71. leave left left оставлять, уезжать
72. lend lent lent давать взаймы
73. let let let позволять; сдавать в наем
74. lie lay lain лежать
75. light lit lighted lit lighted зажигать, освещать
76. lose lost lost терять
77. make made made делать; заставлять
78. mean meant meant значить; подразумевать
79. meet met met встречать
80. pay paid paid платить
81. put put put класть
82. read read read читать
83. ride rode ridden ездить верхом
84. ring rang rung звонить; звенеть
85. rise rose risen подниматься
86. run ran run бежать
87. saw sawed sawn пилить
88. say said said говорить, сказать
89. see saw seen видеть
90. seek sought sought искать
91. sell sold sold продавать
92. send sent sent посылать
93. set set set помещать, ставить; заходить (о солнце)
94. shake shook shaken Трясти
95. shave shaved shaven Брить
96. shed shed shed проливать (слезы, кровь)
97. shine shone shone сиять, светить
98. shoot shot shot Стрелять
99. show showed shown Показывать
100. shrink shrank shrunk сморщиваться; сокращаться
101. shut shut shut Закрывать
102. sing sang sung Петь
103. sink sank sunk погружаться; тонуть
104. sit sat sat Сидеть
105. sleep slept slept Спать
106. slide slid slid Скользить
107. smell smelt smelled smelt smelled пахнуть; нюхать
108. sow sowed sown Сеять
109. speak spoke spoken Говорить
110. speed sped sped спешить; ускорять
111. spell spelt spelled spelt spelled писать или произносить слово по буквам
112. spend spent spent Тратить
113. spill spilt spilled spilt spilled Проливать
114. spin span spun Прясть
115. spit spat spat Плевать
116. split split split Раскалывать
117. spoil spoilt spoiled spoilt spoiled Портить
118. spread spread spread распространять
119. spring sprang sprung Прыгать
120. stand stood stood Стоять
121. steal stole stolen Красть
122. stick stuck stuck Приклеивать
123. sting stung stung Жалить
124. strike struck struck ударять; бастовать
125. strive strove striven Стремиться
126. swear swore sworn клясться, браниться
127. sweep swept swept Мести
128. swell swelled swelled пухнуть, раздуваться
129. swim swam swum Плавать
130. swing swung swung качать; размахивать
131. take took taken Брать
132. teach taught taught обучать, учить
133. tear tore torn Рвать
134. tell told told Рассказывать
135. think thought thought Думать
136. throw threw thrown Бросать
137. tread trod trodden Ступать
138. understand understood understood Понимать
139. wake woke waked woken waked будить; просыпаться
140. wear wore worn Носить
141. weep wept wept Плакать
142. win won won Выигрывать
143. wind wound wound заводить (часы); виться
144. write wrote written Писать

 

 





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