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Ex. 153. Choose the proper tense of the verb


1. Jill says the weather forecast for tomorrow (is, was) sunny, no rain.

2. Jill said that the day (is, was) warm and sunny the day before.

3. George said he (had already read, has already read) the book.

4. Peter has just said that he (has sold, had sold) his old car.

5. I thought they (are waiting, were waiting) for me in the entrance hall.

6. Tom told me he (is going, was going) to join basketball team.

7. We know the Browns (are staying, were staying) with their friends in Boston.

8. I think I (will finish, would finish) the translation on Monday.

9. Jack said he (will take part, would take part) in that work.

10. I was sure that he (has left, had left) Manchester.

11. He says that he (doesn’t know, didn’t know) what the weather (will be, would be) like

in October.

12. They hoped their team (won’t lose, wouldn’t lose) the game.

13. I think she (knows, knew) that he (has taken, had taken) the first place in the chess


14. John told me that he (know, knew) Mary very well.

Ex. 154. Choose the proper adverb or adverbial phrase.


1. Ann said they were going on a trip (next week, the following week).

2. Ben’s going to take his camera (tomorrow, the next day).

3. He told me his uncle had died (last year, the previous year).

4. The weather was wonderful (two days ago, two days before).

5. She said she had phoned me (this, that) evening.

6. I bought tickets for the cup game (last week, the week before).

7. What a pity that we didn’t eat up all the tomatoes (yesterday, the day before)! Now they

are all bad.

8. Stephen’s brother said Stephen was going to bring some records to the party

(tonight, that night).

9. She said that she would go to the department store (next Wednesday, the following


10. He said his favourite team had lost the game two days (ago, before).

11. Really, Bill. I don’t know what’s wrong with you (now, then). I’ll see you around, OK





Ex. 155. Put the following sentences into reported speech making the necessary changes.


1. Oleg said: “My room is on the second floor.”

2. Mike “ said: “I saw them at my parents’ house last week.”

3. I said to them: “I can give you my uncle’s address.”

4. Nick said: “I have never been to London. I think I will go there next year.”

5. She said to us: “They arrived in Manchester yesterday.”

6. Mike said: “We have bought these books today.”

7. He said to me: “They are staying at the “Europe” hotel.”

8. He said to me: “I want to see you today.”

9. The old man said to the girl: “You can sing perfectly. I think you will be a famous singer.”

10. She said: “I spent my holidays in Spain last year.”

11. She said: “I don’t go to this shop very often.”

12. I said: “I was in London last year. My friends in London sometimes invite me to spend my

holidays with them.”

13. The mother said to a doctor: “The children are in the nursery.”

14. She said: “I am free tonight.”

Ex. 156. Yesterday you met a friend of yours, Charlie. Charlie told you a lot of things.

Here are some of the things he said to you.


1. I’m thinking of going to live in Canada.

2. My father is in hospital.

3. Nora and Jim are getting married next month.

4. I haven’t seen Bill for a while.

5. I’ve been playing tennis recently.

6. Margaret has had a baby.

7. I don’t know what Fred is doing.

8. I hardly ever go out these days.

9. I work 14 hours a day.

10. I will tell Jim I saw you.

11. You can come and stay with me if you are ever in London.

12. Tom had an accident last week but he wasn’t injured.

13. I saw Jack at party a few months ado and he seemed well.

Later that day you tell another friend what Charlie said. Use reported speech.


1. Charlie said that he was thinking of going to live in Canada.

2. Charlie said that ______________

3. ____________________________ etc.



Ex. 157. Here are some things that Sarah said to you:


1. I’ve never been to the United States.

2. I don’t have any brothers or sisters.

3. I can’t drive.

4. I don’t like fish.

5. Jane has a very well-paid job.

6. I’m working tomorrow evening.

7. Jane is a friend of mine.

8. Dave is lazy.


But later Sarah says something different to you. What do you say?


SARAH   Dave works very hard. Let’s have fish for dinner. I’m going to buy a car. Jane is always short of money. My sister lives in Paris. I think New York is a great place. Let’s go out tomorrow evening. I’ve never spoken to Jane.   YOU   __But you said he was lazy.____________ But __ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______




Специальные вопросы


Когда прямой вопрос начинается с вопросительного слова или группы слов (who, which, whose, when, why, how many, how much, how longи т.д.), то при обращении его в косвенный вопрос производятся следующие изменения:

1. Вопросительный порядок слов в прямом вопросе заменяется порядком слов повествовательного предложения, т.е. сказуемое ставится после подлежащего.

2. Вспомогательные глаголы do, does, did в косвенном вопросе не используются.

3. Вопрос к подлежащему сохраняет свой порядок слов.

4. Вопросительное слово или группа слов, стоящая в начале вопроса, служит для присоединения косвенного вопроса к главному предложению.

5. Вопросительный знак опускается.

6. Далее производятся те же изменения, как и при обращении в косвенную речь повествовательных предложений.


Прямой вопрос Косвенный вопрос
What are you doing? He askedme what I was doing.
Where do you live? He wanted to knowwhere I lived.
When did you see Tom? He askedme when I had seen Tom.
Where is the manager? He asked me where the manager was.
Who has broken the window? She wonderedwho had broken the window.

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