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Ex. 271. Write these sentences in another way, beginning as shown




 

Example: It is difficult to understand him. He is difficult to understand.____________

 

1. It’s quite easy to find our house. Our house is ______

2. It was very difficult to open the window. The window _______________________________

3. It’s impossible to translate some words. Some words ________________________________

4. It’s not very difficult to make bread. Bread ________

5. It’s not safe to stand on the chair. That chair _______

6. It’s difficult to explain some grammatical rules.

Some grammatical rules _______________________

7. It’s hard to find a good restaurant in this town.

A good restaurant ____________________________

8. It’s almost impossible to read your writing. Your writing _____________________________

9. It’s a very difficult question to answer. This question ________________________________

10. Do you think, it is safe to drink this water?

Do you think, this water _______________________

 

Ex. 272. Use the words to make sentences or questions.

 

Example:

hard / find a good job

It’s hard to find a good job.

 

1. I / surprised/ see you here _____________________

2. This book /easy/ to read ______________________

3. It /lovely/ see Anna last night __________________

4. it possible / leave early? _______________________

5. I /pleased/ see you’ve stopped smoking __________

6. This exercise /not difficult/ do __________________

7. English /easy/ understand? _____________________

8. It /important/ keep vocabulary notes _____________

9. It /unusual/ have long, hot summers in England

___________

10. It /easy/ make mistakes when you’re learning language

__________

11. I /surprised/ hear your news ____________________

12. It /impossible/ learn all the words _______________

13. I /pleased/ meet you __________________________

14. It /impossible/ keep the house tidy with five children

__________

15. Japanese /hard/ write _________________________



Ex. 273. Use the following words to complete these sentences:

Delighted/get astonished/find sorry/hear pleased/see glad/hear

 

1. I was really __delighted to get__ your letter last week.

2. Thank you for your letter. I’m _______________________ that you’re keeping well.

3. When I walked into my bedroom, I was ________________________ a complete stranger

sleeping in my bed.

4. Hello! I’m so glad you could come. I’m really _______________________ you again.

5. I’m __________________________ that your mother is ill. I hope she gets better soon.

 

INFINITIVE WITH QUESTION WORDS

 

Инфинитив часто встречается в сочетании: глагол (ask, decide, know, remember, forget, explain, understand) + вопросительное слово (what / where / how / when / who / whether) + “to-infinitive”.

 

We asked how to getto the station.

Have you decided where to gofor your holidays?

 

 

Ex. 274. FIRST AID. What do you know about first aid?

Use words from each column to make eight sentences.

 

Examples: I know what to do if someone faints.

I don’t know how to help someone who has swallowed poison.

 

    I know I don’t know I’m not sure I’d have to find out     how where what when     to do if someone faints to help someone who has swallowed poison to bandage a cut to do with a broken arm to feel someone’s pulse to stop bleeding to do with a burn to treat a person in shock to move an unconscious person to do if someone is choking  

 

Ex. 275. Complete each sentence using what, where or how with one of the following

Words.

 

Phone operate change ride use take do play go put cook buy

1. Have you decided __what to cook__ for dinner this evening?

2. Can you show me ____________________ the washing machine?

3. Do you know ______________________ if there’s a fire in the building?

4. You’ll never forget ____________________ a bicycle once you have learned.

5. I was really astonished. I didn’t know _______________________.

6. - Can someone show me _______________________ the film in this camera?

- Ask Jack. He’ll tell you ______________________.

7. Tom hasn’t decided yet _______________________ a car.

8. Do you know _____________________ the guitar?

9. Could you tell me _____________________ these flowers?

10. I don’t know ______________________________ a computer.

11. I’m not sure ___________________________for a picnic.

Ex. 276. Complete sentences using question words.

 

1. He wants to know (to do this exercise).

2. Have you learnt (to write English letters)?

3. Please tell them (to come).

4. She can’t decide (to go for her holidays).

5. He showed us (to type).

6. Do you understand (to solve the problem)?

7. Does she remember (to buy for breakfast)?

8. Tell me (to sew a button).

9. Show them (to hang their coats).

10. Do you know (to get to the station)?

 

Ex. 277. Translate into English the part of the sentence given in brackets.

 

1. I would like to ask him (как начать рассказ).

2. Don’t forget (как это делать).

3. Please tell me (когда позвонить вам).

4. You didn’t show me (где положить книгу).

5. She has already decided (что делать).

6. Can you advise me (что взять с собой).

7. Do you know (как сделать это упражнение).

8. She wants to know (где найти преподавателя).

9. We understand (как сделать это).

 

 

THE INFINITIVE CONSTRUCTIONS

THE COMPLEX OBJECT

(СЛОЖНОЕ ДОПОЛНЕНИЕ)

 

verb + object + to infinitive

Iwant you to wash thedishes I wish him not to make such a terrible noise. I would like my brother to becomean architect. I expect him to come. I know him to be a good pupil. I like her to sing. I hate her to cry.   Я хочу, чтобы ты помыла посуду. Я хочу, чтобы он не шумел так сильно. Я бы хотел, чтобы мой брат стал архи- тектором. Я рассчитываю, что он придет. Я знаю его как хорошего ученика. Мне нравится, когда (как) она поет. Я ненавижу, когда она плачет.

 

verb + object + infinitive without “to” (bare infinitive)

 

I saw Brown enter the room. I felt the blood rush into my cheeks.   I heard him startthe engine. Я видел, как Браун вошел в комнату. Я почувствовал, как кровь прилила к моим щекам. Я слышал, как он завел мотор.

Mother made him eat the soup. Мама заставила его есть суп.

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