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UNIT 5 УСЛОВНЫЕ ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ




(CONDITIONAL SENTENCES)

 

 

I ТИП Придаточное предложение Главное предложение
  Реальные, осуществимые предположения, относящиеся к будущему времени.   If + Present Simple   If he comeslate, Если он придетпоздно, If you ring me up, Если ты мне позвонишь, will + Infinitive   we will miss the bus. мы опоздаемна автобус. I will tell you something. я тебе кое-что расскажу.

 

II ТИП    
  Невероятные или маловероятные предположения, относящиеся к настоящему или будущему времени. If + Past Simple If I hadmoney, Если бы у меня были деньги,   If I wereyou, На твоем месте would/could + Infinitive   I would /could buy a new car. я бы купил (смог бы купить) новую машину. I would see a doctor. я бы сходил к врачу.

 

III ТИП    
  Предположения, относящиеся к прошедшему времени и явля- ющиеся поэтому невыполнимыми.   If + Past Perfect If Ihad knownshe was ill, Если бы я знал, что она болела, If it hadn’t beenso hot last summer, Если бы прошлым летом не было бы так жарко, would /could + Present Perfect   I would have visitedher. я бы её навестил. we could have gone to the South. мы бы поехали (могли бы поехать) на юг.  

 

 

Ex. 175. Open the brackets and say each sentence three times. Use the first, the second

And the third conditionals.

E.g. If I (to see) her, I (to be) glad. 1. If I see her, I will be glad.

2. If I saw her, I would be glad.

3. If I had seen her, I would have been glad.

 

1. If I (to get) a ticket, I (to go) to the Philharmonic.

2. If I (to live) near the wood, I (to gather) mushrooms every day.

3. If she (to know) English, she (to try) to enter the university.

4. If my mother (to buy) a cake, we (to have) a very nice tea-party.

5. If my father (to return) early, we (to play) chess.

6. If I (to have) a computer, it (to help) me in my studies.

7. If my brother (to marry) Kate, they (to live) in their own house.

8. If my grandfather (to be) younger, we (can) go running together.

9. If my girlfriend (not to be) so capricious, we (to get) on better.

FIRST CONDITIONAL

Ex. 176. Match the following parts of the sentences.

 

1 If I go on a diet, 2 If it’s sunny tomorrow, 3 If John doesn’t hurry, 4 If it snows, 5 If there are no buses, 6 If you are a good girl, A we’ll make a snowman. B I’ll buy you some chocolate. C she’ll have to take a taxi. D I’ll lose weight. E he’ll be late. F we’ll go for a picnic. 1. __D_______ 2. _____________ 3. _____________ 4. _____________ 5. _____________ 6. _____________

 

Ex. 177. Match the sentence parts.

If you lie in the sun, you’ll get sunburned._

 

lie in the sun don’t eat your breakfast don’t work hard eat too much miss the bus take this medicine don’t save your money take a taxi don’t listen in class get there sooner get sunburned not be able to buy a bicycle be hungry not understand the homework get fat not pass your exam be late soon feel better

 



 

Ex. 178. Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets. Add a comma where

Necessary.

 

1. If the dog __keeps__ (keep) barking, the neighbours will complain.

2. The boss _______________(be) angry if you arrive late for work again.

3. If you _________________________ (eat) too much you’ll be sick.

4. If the weather is bad on Sunday we __________________(stay) at home.

5. You should see a doctor if you ____________________(not feel) well.

6. If you study hard you _______________________(pass) your exam.

7. The police will arrest the criminal if they ___________________(catch) him.

8. What will happen if they __________________(not bring) us that parcel?

9. If he __________________(clean) the window I’ll give him $10.

10 . If you put on the kettle I ___________________(make) the tea.

11. If a driver ______________(break) suddenly on a wet road, he’ll skid.

12. We’ll be late for a train if we ____________________(not start) right now.

13. I __’ll give___(give) you a present if you __pass___(pass) your exams.

14. I _______________(buy) you an ice cream if you _____________(say) please.

15. If you _________________(not be) careful you ___________________(fall).

14. Ice _.________________(turn) to water if you _________________(heat) it.

17. If he __________________(invite) me I ________________(go) to his party.

18. I’m sure they ________________(steal) your car if you ____________(leave) it unlocked.

19. I’ll look for your book and if I ______________(find) it I ____________(give) you a ring.

20. If you _____________(not like) the magazine, I ________________(bring) you another.

 

Oral Activity (Chain Story)

 

The students in two teams in turn make conditionals Type 1, as in example:

Teacher: If Paul goes home late, he’ll go to bed late.

Team A S1: If he goes to bed late, he won’t wake up early.

Team B S1: If he doesn’t wake up early, he will miss the bus.

 

Class Game

 

Play this game round the class. If you make a mistake you will have to drop out.

Student 1: If I have time, I’ll go to the cinema.

Student 2: If I have time, I’ll go to the cinema and I’ll do my homework.

Student 3: If I have time, I’ll go to the cinema, I’ll do my homework and I’ll phone

a friend.

Continue! If you remember more than ten things, your teacher won’t give you any homework.

SECOND CONDITIONAL

 


If I had a lot of money, I would(I’d) built abig house. If I was (were) very rich, I could buy an oil well.

 

Ex. 179 a) Match a question from column A with an answer from column B.

 

A B

1 If you won a lot of money, would you a I’d probably just give him all my money

spend it all straightaway? and run!

 

2 What would you do if someone tried b No, I definitely wouldn’t – it’s too

to rob you in the street? dangerous.

 

3 If your car broke down on the motorway, c I think I’d probably tie something

what would you do? round it.

 

4 Would you know what to do if someone d I might do it if I was feeling brave!

cut their arm badly?

 

5 If you knew a friend of yours was stealing e I’d go and look for a telephone.

money from his company, would you tell

anyone?

 

6 Would you feel safe walking home alone f I might tell another friend, so that we

at night in your town? could decide what to do.

 

7 If someone offered you a free bungee jump, g If I was hungry enough, yes!

what would you do?

 

8 Could you ever eat raw meat? h No. I’d invest some of it.

 

1 __h__ 2 _______ 3 _______ 4 _______ 5 _______ 6 _______ 7 _______ 8 _______





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